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# Learn to understand relationships of angles . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Learn to understand relationships of angles. Vocabulary. congruent vertical angles adjacent angles complementary angles supplementary angles. Congruent angles have the same measure.

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Learn to understand relationships of angles.

congruent

vertical angles

complementary angles

supplementary angles

Congruent angles have the same measure.

Vertical angles are formed opposite each other when two lines intersect. Vertical angles have the same measure, so they are always congruent.

MRP and NRQ are vertical angles.

MRN and PRQ are vertical angles

MRN and NRQ are adjacent angles. They share vertex R and RN.

NRQ and QRP are adjacent angles. They share vertex R and RQ.

Adjacent angles are side by side and have a common vertex and ray. Adjacent angles may or may not be congruent.

Identify the type of each angle pair shown.

5 6

5 and 6 are opposite each other and are formed by two intersecting lines.

They are vertical angles.

Identify the type of each angle pair shown.

7 and 8 are side by side and have a common vertex and ray.

7 8

They are adjacent angles.

Identify the type of each angle pair shown.

3 and 4 are side by side and have a common vertex and ray.

3

4

They are adjacent angles.

Identify the type of each angle pair shown.

7

8

7 and 8 are opposite each other and are formed by two intersecting lines.

They are vertical angles.

Complementary angles are two angles whose measures have a sum of 90°.

65° + 25° = 90°

LMN and NMP are complementary.

Supplementary angles are two angles whose measures have a sum of 180°.

65° + 115° = 180°

GHK and KHJ are supplementary.

Find each unknown angle measure.

The angles are complementary.

The sum of the measures is 90°.

71° + 1 = 90°

1

–71°–71°

m1 = 19°

71°

Find each unknown angle measure.

The angles are supplementary.

The sum of the measures is 180°.

125° + 2 = 180°

–125°–125°

m2 = 55°

125°

2

Find each unknown angle measure.

The angles are vertical angles.

3

82°

m3 = 82°

Vertical angles are congruent.

L

80°

x

y

J

K

N

Additional Example 2D: Identifying an Unknown Angle Measure

Find each unknown angle measure.

JKL and MKN are congruent.

x + y + 80° = 180°

The sum of the measures is 180°.

–80°–80°

x + y = 100°

Each angle measures half of 100°.

x = 50° and y = 50°

Find each unknown angle measure.

The angles are complementary.

65° + d = 90°

The sum of the measures is 90°.

d

–65°–65°

md = 25°

65°

Find each unknown angle measure.

The angles are supplementary.

145° + s = 180°

The sum of the measures is 180°.

–145°–145°

ms = 35°

145°

s

Find each unknown angle measure.

The angles are vertical angles.

t

Vertical angles are congruent.

mt = 32°

32°

D

50°

x

y

A

B

E

Check It Out: Example 2D

Find each unknown angle measure.

ABC andDBE are congruent.

x + y + 50° = 180°

The sum of the measures is 180°.

–50°–50°

x + y = 130°

Each angle measures half of 130°.

x = 65° and y = 65°

1. Identify the type of angle pair shown.

Find each unknown angle measure.

2. The angles are vertical angles.

3. The angles are supplementary.

6

7

d

d = 130°

130°

x = 45°

135°

x

1. Identify the type of angle pair shown.

A. complementary

B. supplementary

D. vertical

B

A

2. Identify the unknown angle measure if the angles are complementary.

A. 40

B. 50

C. 90

D. 140

A

40

3. Identify the unknown angle measure if the angles are supplementary.

A. y =145

B. y =125

C. y =90

D. y =35

A

55