Bridging the Gap Between Higher Education and K-12. Why Should Higher Ed Care About the Gap?. 14 enter STEM fields. Disconnect between what students are expected to do in college and what they are prepared to do. 6 graduate with STEM degrees. Building the Gap Between HE and K-12.
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Why Should Higher Ed Care About the Gap? 14 enter STEM fields Disconnect between what students are expected to do in college and what they are prepared to do. 6 graduate with STEM degrees
Building the Gap Between HE and K-12 • Shift from uniform standards (1890), toward differentiation (1920)…and back again (2010) • Evolution of teachers colleges to state colleges • Shift in communitycollege funding & governance • Post WWII growth & isolation of HE governing systems from K-12 systems - reflected in state legislatures • Lack of organizational relationships Kirst et al., 2011
Unintended Outcomes • Misalignment of requirements • Misalignment of skills (technical, critical thinking, computational)
Unintended Outcomes • Misalignment of assessments • Outdated content focus • Excess time, money spent • Lack of career awareness or enthusiasm • Decreased retention and graduation rate
Why Does it Matter? • 30% of students drop out in first yearof college • 50% never graduate • 20-40% of entering freshman needremediation • Students who enter college needingremediation are less likely to graduate • $2.3 BILLION per yearspent on remediation
Who Does this Impact? • Students & families • Higher education • K-12 organizations • Business & industry • Government entities • Population at large • Others?
What is the Role of Higher Ed? • K-12 Teacher Preparation: Licensure • Professional Development • Financial Support: • Grants • Coordinating Legislative Requests • Standards Revision: • Relevant content & practices • Research-based • Alignment • Research & Evaluation: • Education • Inform Policy • Implementation • Assessment: • Relevant content & practices • Research-based • Alignment • Resource: • Content & current ideas • Outreach & informal ed • Technology, equipment, supplies • Diverse Student Support: • Research • Scholarships • Community programs • Academic support • College & Career Guidance: • Information & inspiration • REUs & RETs • Teaching internships
Nationally Recognized Teacher Prep Programs *UTeach is a relatively new model that is exemplary in its recruiting and retention numbers, student outcomes have not yet been determined for the program.
Thoughts? The responsibility of K-12 institutions should end with college success rather than admission. The responsibility of higher education should begin with K-12 involvement rather than admissions. --Boswell, 2000