Where?. Why?. What?. Who?. When?. Key questions. What is the story of regeneration in Swansea since 1980? Why was regeneration needed in Swansea?. K.I. 2.3 Change in the Inner City. Inner city – terraced houses, mainly privately rented tenure.
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Inner city – terraced houses, mainly privately rented tenure.
In 1945 there were nearly forty iron, steel and sheet steel and tinplate making works in the area, but by 1980 all of these had disappeared. The Lower Swansea Valley area had made 80% of the world’s copper at one time.
There was industrial dereliction and mass unemployment because of deindustrialisation– so something had to be done.
The U.K. government acted …
UK government set up - the Swansea Enterprise Park in 1981 - a combined business park, retail park and industrial estate - it was the first and the largest in the UK. The Enterprise Park is the largest commercial district and the largest out-of-town shopping district of Swansea. It is mainly in Landore ward – in the Lower Swansea Valley
Start of Swansea Enterprise Park in the Lower Swansea Valley
SA1 regeneration 2014
Liberty Stadium 2006 – part of the Swansea Enterprise Park area of the LSV
Old Copperworks – becoming an Heritage Centre - 2014
The Prince of Wales and north docks completed 1898 – exported COAL in vast quantities
Swansea Docks is the collective name for several docks in Swansea, Wales. The Swansea docks are located immediately south east of Swansea city centre. In the mid 19th century, the port was exporting 60% of the world's copper from factories situated in the Tawe valley.
Parc Tawe retail complex 1980s e.g. ToysRUs
SA1 – ongoing 2000-2014
Marina redevelopment 1980s – housing and marina
Marina and SA1 - reurbanisation
By making improvements to the:
Discuss how your character might be affected by the SA1 development. Decide if you are for or against and have detailed reasons why.
Prepare a speech for putting your view forward. (Use actual case study locations)
Outline the impact of inner city regeneration on different groups – 10 marks