properties of minerals n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Properties of Minerals PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Properties of Minerals

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

Properties of Minerals - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 281 Views
  • Uploaded on

Properties of Minerals. Target #12- I can state how minerals are classified. Minerals are classified by their properties Some are easy to study, other require equipment Determined by the chemical composition and crystalline structure Properties Color Streak Luster Cleavage & Fracture

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Properties of Minerals' - aisling-crehan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
target 12 i can state how minerals are classified
Target #12- I can state how minerals are classified
  • Minerals are classified by their properties
    • Some are easy to study, other require equipment
    • Determined by the chemical composition and crystalline structure
    • Properties
      • Color
      • Streak
      • Luster
      • Cleavage & Fracture
      • Hardness
      • Crystal Shape
      • Density
target 13 i can explain why color is an unreliable clue to the identify of a mineral

Color

    • Easy to observe with the naked eye
      • Example
        • Quartz
          • Pure: colorless
          • Amethyst: purple (due to the presence of iron and manganese)
        • Sapphire
          • Medium to dark blue in color
          • Caused by the presence of iron and titanium
    • Not generally reliable for identifying a particular mineral
      • Weathered surfaces may hid the color of minerals
Target #13- I can explain why color is an unreliable clue to the identify of a mineral
target 14 i can state how you would determine the streak of an unidentified mineral
Target #14- I can state how you would determine the streak of an unidentified mineral
  • Streak
    • The color of the mineral in a powdered form
    • Easiest way to observe is to rub the mineral against a piece of unglazed tile
    • Different minerals produce different streaks
      • Example
        • Pyrite gold in color, streaks black
    • Minerals harder than the tile will not streak
target 15 i can describe two types of luster
Target #15- I can describe two types of luster
  • Luster
    • Light that is reflected on a mineral’s surface
      • Either metallic, can reflect light, or non-metallic
    • Non-metallic luster is broken down further
      • Waxy luster
        • Look like candle wax
      • Glassy luster
        • Look like glass
      • Pearly luster
        • Look like pearls
      • Dull luster
        • Lacks any shiny appearance
target 16 i can contrast cleavage and fracture

Cleavage & Fracture

    • Cleavage: the tendency of a mineral to split along specific planes of weakness to form smooth flat surfaces
      • Weaknesses tend to run parallel
      • Example
        • Mica split into sheets
    • Fracture: minerals can break unevenly into pieces that have curved or irregular surfaces
      • Described according to their appearance
Target #16- I can contrast cleavage and fracture
target 17 i can summarize how you would determine the hardness of an unidentified mineral sample
Target #17- I can summarize how you would determine the hardness of an unidentified mineral sample
  • Hardness
    • The measure of the ability of a mineral to resist scratching
    • Can be determined by using the Mohs hardness scale
      • Scratch an unknown mineral to those found on the hardness scale
    • To test for hardness, you must determine the hardest mineral on the scale that the unknown mineral can scratch
      • If you scratch the unknown with the known, and vice versa, and they do not mark each other, then they are the same hardness
target 18 i can state how environmental conditions impact mineral formation

Crystal Shape

    • Forms into one of six basic shapes
    • Can become more complex as a result of environmental conditions during crystal growth
      • Example
        • Temperature
        • Pressure
Target #18- I can state how environmental conditions impact mineral formation
target 19 i can explain the apparent weight differences observed between minerals of the same size
Target #19- I can explain the apparent weight differences observed between minerals of the same size
  • Density
    • The ratio of the mass of a substance (how much “stuff” is in it) to the volume of the substance (how much space there is)
    • The more tightly packed the atoms, the more dense a substance is
    • Explains the apparent differences in weight between minerals of the same size