Immigration. Chapter 7. Objectives:. To look at the rise of immigration at the turn of the century To evaluate the promise of the “American Dream” To analyze the economic, social, and political effects of immigration and to understand the immigrant experience.
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After 1890, they came from southern and eastern Europe, esp. Italy, Russia, and Austria-Hungary.
(lots of prejudice against new immigrants) Why?
7 steps an Italy, Russia, and Austria-Hungary.
at Ellis Island
Baggage Room…. Italy, Russia, and Austria-Hungary.
Steps to medical exam… Italy, Russia, and Austria-Hungary.
Waiting area for interviews… Italy, Russia, and Austria-Hungary.
Prove reason for coming…. Italy, Russia, and Austria-Hungary.
The Kissing Post….. $20.00…
Some immigrants refused to “melt in”, causing anti-immigrant feelings among native born Americans. (salad bowl idea)
Americanization movement anti-immigrant feelings among native born Americans. ( – attempt to assimilate different cultures into American.
1. Population Explosion. Between 1870 and 1920, the urban population exploded from 10 million to 54 million causing serious problems in the cities of the Midwest and Northeast.
2. As farming improved, less need for farmers led many to move to the cities.
3. 1890-1930, Southern African-Americans moved north and west to cities to escape oppression.
Result - Filtration and chlorination were introduced in the late 1800’s and early 1900’’s
Result - sanitation departments were opened
Result - New York City organized the first full time police force in 1844. too small to make a difference
Great Chicago Fire, 1871 west to cities to escape oppression.
Burned for 24 hours
Killed about 300
3 square miles burned
17,500 bldgs. destroyed
San Francisco Earthquake, 1908
1000 people died
Fire swept 5 square miles
28,000 bldgs. destroyedTwo major city disasters:
salvation through service to the poor.
Hull House west to cities to escape oppression.was started by Jane
Addams (in Chicago).