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Commercial Publishers : Friends or Foes? Françoise Vandooren Libraries Université Libre de Bruxelles Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002. Some troubling facts. Core journals Impact factor Inelastic market

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slide1

Commercial Publishers :

Friends or Foes?

Françoise Vandooren

Libraries

Université Libre de Bruxelles

Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era »,

University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

slide2

Some troubling facts

  • Core journals
    • Impact factor
    • Inelastic market
  • Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

F. Vandooren

slide3

Association of Research Libraries, USA, 1999.

F. Vandooren

Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

slide4

Some troubling facts

  • Core journals
  • Mergers
    • Concentration of journals
    • Competition diminishes
    • Side effect of price increase
  • Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

F. Vandooren

slide5

Some troubling facts

  • Core journals
  • Mergers
  • Difference between commercial and non commercial publishers
    • Cost per 1000 characters
    • Cost/quality ratio

Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

F. Vandooren

slide6

Factors of difference between commercial and non-commercial publishers

Based on the University of Wisconsin-Madison study, 1999.

F. Vandooren

Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

slide7

Cost/Quality ratio of journals (in US Cents)

  • Average ratio of average cost per 1000 characters / impact factor

Based on the University of Wisconsin-Madison study, 1999.

F. Vandooren

Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

slide8

Consortia and “big deal” licenses

  • Users
    • Reduced “group” prices
    • Electronic access to greater number of titles
    • Price cap
    • Cancellation of title not allowed!
  • Publishers
    • Fixed income
    • Increasing visibility and availability of their journals

Question : impact on usage?

Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

F. Vandooren

slide9

Consortia and “big deals”

OhioLINK consortia

From OhioLINK Snapshot 2001 online

F. Vandooren

Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

slide10

Some tracks for changes?

  • Core journals – revise use of impact factor
  • Big deals – provide even wider access
  • Support alternative journals and new models of communication
  • Expected result : stimulate competition
  • Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

F. Vandooren

slide11

References and Further reading

The talk is based on a report by the speaker containing many references :

  • Françoise Vandooren, Le système de communication scientifique : enjeux et perspectives, Libraries of Université Libre de Bruxelles, December 2001.

<http://www.bib.ulb.ac.be/csd/communication-scientifique1.doc>

Price studies :

  • George Soete and Athena Salaba, Measuring Journal Cost-Effectiveness : Ten Years After Barschall, University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries, 1999. <http://www.library.wisc.edu/projects/glsdo/cost.html>
  • Journal Price Study : Core Agricultural and Biological Journals, Cornell University, November 1998. <http://jan.mannlib.cornell.edu/jps/jps.htm>
  • Mark J. McCabe, The Impact of Publisher Mergers on Journal Prices : An Update, ARL : A Bimonthly Report, n°207 , dec. 1999 [1]. <http://www.arl.org/newsltr/207/jrnlprices.html>

Background paper :

  • Jean-Claude Guédon, In Oldenburg’s Long Shadow: Librarians, Research Scientists, Publishers, and the Control of Scientific Publishing, ARL Membership Meeting 2001, <http://www.arl.org/arl/proceedings/138/guedon.html>

Further reading :

  • Jean-Claude Guédon, Beyond Core Journals and Licenses : The Paths to Reform Scientific Publishing, ARL Bimonthly Report 218, October 2001. <http://www.arl.org/newsltr/218/guedon.html>
  • The market for scientific, technical and medical journals, A statement by the UK Office of Fair Trading, September 2002 <http://www.oft.gov.uk/news/publications/leaflet+ordering.htm> Media category, OFT 396.
  • Ethical Forum « Scientific publication in the internet era », University Foundation Brussels, 21 October 2002

F. Vandooren