The People of the Sunnah. HIST 1007 10/2/13. What is Islam?. What is Islam?. God Everything else. Islam during the Time of the Prophet. Is there even anything called Islam? The Believers Movement Umma – Muhajirun , ansar , “converts,” allies, and tribal chiefs
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the messenger of God,
and the umma as
the community of true
al-BaqiCemetary, Medina, before and after
destruction by Wahhabists and Saudi government
not create evil deeds nor punish
for predestined deeds.
Symbol of neo-Mu`tazilites
1. Tawhid – Unity of God
2. `Adl – God is just
3. Reward and punishment
belong in the afterlife.
Muslim nor an apostate.
5. Muslims are responsible for promoting the good and suppressing evil.
Mu`tazilite – understand through reason
Traditionists – understand through revelation
- the Qur’an is uncreated
Mu`tazilite – people have free will
- the Qur’an is created
Traditionists – God is all powerful
Ash`arites – Can be understood through revelation and explained through reason.
- essence of the Qur’an
Ash`arites – the precise letters and words of the Qur’an are created
century, only `ulama’
judgment of a qadi
teachings of Abu Hanifa (d. 767)
and Islamic norms
consensus (ijtima’), and
hadith were collected by
Tomb of al-Bukhari in Samarqand, Uzbekistan