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Geography of Georgia. Geography Defined:. Studying Earth as home of humans Must have earth and humans or some other science involved. Take notes with your map out. location. Northern/Western hemispheres North of Equator/ West of Prime Meridian North America Southeastern United States .

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geography defined
Geography Defined:
  • Studying Earth as home of humans
  • Must have earth and humans or some other science involved.
  • Take notes with your map out.
  • Northern/Western hemispheres
  • North of Equator/ West of Prime Meridian
  • North America
  • Southeastern United States
appalachian plateau
Appalachian plateau
  • Located in TAG corner, extreme NW corner
  • Often called Cumberland Plateau
  • Made up of plateau formations, canyons, limestone caves
  • Main feature: Lookout Mountain and Cloudland Canyon
  • Hardwood forest/pastures
  • Only source of coal (mining)
  • Chickamauga Battlefield located here
ridge and valley
Ridge and valley
  • Located in Northwestern area of state
  • Topography dominated by high ridge lines separating a series of valleys
  • Economic activity is somewhat diverse: forests, pastures, farmland, apple orchards
  • Dalton known as “carpet capital of the world”
  • Large textile industry particularly hard hit during current economic downturn.
blue ridge
Blue ridge
  • Located in extreme NE Georgia
  • Most mountainous terrain in state
  • Brasstown Bald (about 5,000 ft. elevation)
  • Agriculture dominated by hardwood forests, vegetable farming and apple orchards
  • Appalachian Trail begins here – runs to Maine
  • Scenic beauty includes Brasstown Bald, Amicalola Falls, Tallulah Gorge
  • Alpine village of Helen (tourism)
  • Important cities: Dahlonega – home of America’s first gold rush
  • Receives most rain annually.
piedmont plateau
Piedmont Plateau
  • Location: begins in mountain foothills and goes to Fall Line (“piedmont” means at the foot of the mountains)
  • Geography is rolling hills and plains
  • Suitable for various types of agriculture including commercial farming
  • Granite bedrock formation runs all the way to Delaware (Stone Mountain)
  • Contains ½ of state’s population including Atlanta metro area – most populous
coastal plain
Coastal plain
  • State’s largest regions (about 60%)
  • In prehistoric times was underwater.
  • Has an inner and outer part.
  • Inner coastal in major agricultural region in state of Georgia (peanuts, Vidalia onions, peaches, pecans)
  • Outer coastal plain has sandy soil (naval stores and pulp from pine trees)
  • Pulp and paper production
  • Okefenokee Swamp located here: largest freshwater wetland in U.S.
  • Savannah – oldest city
barrier island
Barrier Island
  • Located off Georgia’s coastal shoreline
  • Called “sea islands” or Golden Isles”
  • 14 islands
  • Act as a “buffer” in protecting GA’s beaches from storm erosion
  • Significant tourism in parks and wilderness sanctuaries
  • Protect/form Intracoastal Waterway
fall line
Fall line
  • Natural boundary that separates Piedmont from Coastal Plain
  • Elevation of land drops significantly
  • Water drops and speeds up creating good sources of power
  • Numerous settlements on Fall Line (Columbus, Macon, Augusta)
  • Shoreline of prehistoric sea.
okefenokee swamp
Okefenokee Swamp
  • Swamp/wetland located in outer coastal plain in extreme southern part of state
  • Largest freshwater wetland in U.S.
  • Home to diverse population of wildlife
  • Federal/national park
  • Indian name meaning “land of trembling earth”
chattahoochee river
Chattahoochee River
  • Runs south through Atlanta and forms part of southern border with Alabama
savannah river
Savannah River
  • Forms border between South Carolina and Georgia.
  • Important commercial waterway.
  • Entry to port of Savannah
  • First permanent settlement (1733) at mouth of river.
deepwater ports
Deepwater ports
  • Savannah and Brunswick
  • Brunswick – construction port during WWII building Liberty Ships
  • Two inland barge terminals: Bainbridge and Columbus
  • Economic impact: about 2 billion dollars per year.
  • More than 80,000 jobs
  • Over 90 steamships lines serve Georgia
  • Serviced by two interstates (95 and 16) and a railroad hub
  • 5th busiest port in the nation
  • Large amounts of imports flow through these ports
  • Supports idea of world market/provides us with access to international markets
interstate highways
Interstate highways
  • Facilitates flow of goods and services
  • Commuter traffic
  • Atlanta, interstate hub, serviced by I-20, I-75, and I-85
hartsfield jackson international airport
Hartsfield-jackson international airport
  • One of the busiest airports in the world
  • One of the largest employer in the state
  • Connects state with rest of the world
  • Named for William Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson
  • Atlanta developed as result of railroad -First city not developed along a waterway (Terminus).
  • Important to state’s economy today moving goods in and out of state.
  • Dominated by CSX and Norfolk Southern
  • 1. Write 3-5 sentence paragraph s summarizing the following:
  • A. The regions and physical features of Georgia.
  • B. The four transportation systems that comprise Georgia’s transportation infrastructure.