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Chapter 12 Balancing Work And Family Life. Social Meanings of Money Dual-Earner Marriages Balancing Demands of Work and Family Balancing Work and Leisure Time with Family Barriers to Leisure. Effects of Employment on Women. Positive: Enhanced psychological well-being.

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chapter 12 balancing work and family life
Chapter 12Balancing Work And Family Life
  • Social Meanings of Money
  • Dual-Earner Marriages
  • Balancing Demands of Work and Family
  • Balancing Work and Leisure Time with Family
  • Barriers to Leisure
effects of employment on women
Effects of Employment on Women


  • Enhanced psychological well-being.
  • Greater sense of independence.
  • Increased social contacts.
  • Increased power.
  • Escape from exhaustion of child care.
effects of employment on women1
Effects of Employment on Women


  • Role overload - not enough time/energy to meet demands of various roles.
  • Role conflict
  • Role strain - can’t do it all.
  • Risk of sexual harassment.
dual earner marriages and men
Dual-Earner Marriages and Men


  • Relieved of sole responsibility to be economic support of family.
  • Freedom to have closer relationship with children.
  • Opportunity to experience happier wife.
dual earner marriages and men1
Dual-Earner Marriages and Men


  • Feeling threatened if wife earns higher income.
  • Being expected to do more housework/child care.
dual earner marriages and marriage
Dual-earner Marriages and Marriage


  • The greater the job satisfaction, the happier the marriage.
  • If husband supportive of wife’s employment and helps with housework/child care, marriage improves.
social meanings of money
Social Meanings of Money
  • Self-esteem
  • Power
  • Security
  • Love
  • Conflict
types of dual career marriages
 Types of Dual-Career Marriages
  • HIS/her - husband's career takes precedence.
  • his/HER - wife's career takes precedence.
  • HIS/HER - careers of both wife and husband are given equal status.
  • THEIR CAREER - wife and husband have the same career
effects of dual career on children
Effects of Dual-Career on Children
  • Children do more housework.
  • Have less supervision than children who have one parent at home.
  • Have less traditional gender role attitudes.
three shifts
Three shifts
  • Workplace shift
  • House care/childcare shift
  • Emotional expense of dealing with family issues.
balancing work and family strategies
Balancing Work and Family: Strategies
  • Superperson strategy
  • Cognitive restructuring
  • Delegation of responsibility
  • Planning and time management
  • Role compartmentalization
functions of leisure time
Functions of Leisure Time
  • Relieves work stress
  • Facilitates social interaction
  • Fosters self-expression/personal growth
  • Enhances emotional well being.
barriers to leisure
Barriers To Leisure
  • Demands of the workplace.
  • Materialistic values - The more we have, the more we want, so the harder we work.
  • Traditional gender roles - Women have hobbies related to household tasks and take responsibility for family holidays.
barriers to leisure1
Barriers To Leisure
  • Leisure as a commodity - Leisure activities cost money that families may not have in their budgets.
  • Leisure time is used as a means to reduce stress and has become a job in itself.