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Open Access in Sweden
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  1. Persistent Identifier Workshop, Stockholm 20 Oct Jan Hagerlid, co-ordinator of the programme Updated for Gunnar Sahlin 091102 Open Access in Sweden

  2. Overview • Policy for Open Access • Digital repositories at universities • OA journals • National coordination

  3. Policies • Signatories to the Berlin Declaration on Open Access • Swedish Association of Higher Education • Swedish Research Council • National Library of Sweden • Swedish Library Association • Stockholm University • Swedish Association for Information Specialists • Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences • Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities

  4. Mandates The Association of Higher Education (SUHF) Board in 2005 recommended its member institutions to: • Introduce a policy that strongly recommends their researchers to deposit a copy of all their published articles in an Open Access digital repository • Encourage researchers to publish their research articles in Open Access journals where a suitable journal exists and provide support to enable that to happen • Policies more or less in line with this have been taken at some universities, notably the universities of Lund and Stockholm

  5. Mandates • The Swedish Research Council requires free access to research results Researchers will have to guarantee that publications are available according to Open Access within a maximum period of six months. The Open-Access rules apply so far only to scientifically assessed texts in journals and conference reports, and not to monographs and chapters of books. The requirement will apply to the Research Council's advertisements from the turn of the year 2010. Decision taken by the Board on October 5 2009

  6. Institutional Repositories • Almost all universities and major university colleges have IRs • Dissertations and undergrad theses dominated, now more articles, conference papers and reports • Uppsala UL system DiVA, used by 23 HE institutions in a consortium • Others use Dspace, Eprints, and local solutions • Integration of IRs and publication databases

  7. Open Access journals • Many Swedish researchers contribute to OA journals and take part in editorial boards of i.a. PloS Biology, PLoS One and PLoS Medicine • There are 21 Swedish scientific journals in DOAJ Social Science, Humanities, IT, Public Health etc

  8. National Library of Sweden and OA • The National Library of Sweden combines the mission of a “traditional” national library with that of a national research library authority • Promoting Open Access in Sweden concerns the accessibility of Swedish research publications today and in the future This harmonizes well with the basic mission of a national library • The national library can guarantee long-term sustainability of new OA services.

  9. Forming the programme • The NL Sweden had supported development of institutional repositories and discussion of OA models in Sweden + development of DOAJ • Now the time had come to • Create a platform for practical co-operation between the main bodies of research and the research libraries • To integrate different lines of work concerning Open Access and electronic publishing

  10. • Strategic goal: To promote maximum accessibility and visibility of works produced by researchers, teachers and students at Swedish universities and university colleges • Runs 2006-2009, ca 3-400 000 Euro/year, funded by the National Library of Sweden, the Knowledge Foundation and the Swedish Research Council

  11. The is a Long-term, strategic co-operation between • The National Library of Sweden • Swedish university libraries, • The Association of Swedish Higher Education (SUHF), • The Swedish Research Council, • The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences • The Swedish Knowledge Foundation, • Not in itself a network of repositories • Nor a lobby group

  12. Objectives • To promote co-ordination and development of standards and tools for electronic publishing • To promote growth of the volume and diversity of material in academic repositories • To promote access to and use of content in academic repositories and Open Access journals

  13. Objectives • To secure long-term access to digital publications and other material in academic repositories • To develop quality standards for content and services • To support publishing in Open Access journals and the migration of Swedish scientific journals to an Open Access model

  14. Priorities • Priority number one: to create a critical mass of open content in IRs, and foremost of self-archived scientific and scholarly articles • Actual focus • To promote growth of the volume and diversity of material • To promote access to and use of content in academic repositories and Open Access journals • To support publishing in Open Access journals and the migration of Swedish scientific journals to an Open Access model

  15. Core projects • Unified access to and reporting of Swedish scientific publications (SwePub) • The project will develop a service within Libris that • Harvests metadata for all Swedish scientific publications from the publication databases of all HE institutions • Makes the metadata accessible for searching by end users and to other services • Facilitates the use of the metadata for the reporting and analysis of the Swedish scientific publishing output • The strategic aim is to • Improve the visibility and accessibility of Swedish scientific publications • Increase the share of Swedish scientific publications that is Open Access by integrating IRs with publication databases, offering a one-time registration and deposit of full-text • Provide a unified and comparable basis for reporting of Swedish scientific publishing output

  16. Rationale for SwePub • A service that gives access to all Swedish research publications fills an obvious gap, today scientific articles by Swedish authors are usually not available in the National bibliography • It therefore supports the basic mission of the national library to collect, describe, protects and give access to Swedish publications • If it is also being used as a basis for evaluation the incentives to provide complete and high-quality are strengthened • If researchers can register their publications and deposit full text in the same process it will be easier to get more Open Access material

  17. What do we mean by ”Publication databases” here? • ”Bibliographic databases covering the total scientific output of a higher education institution • Often publication databases have been set up by the administration for purposes of reporting and evaluation while the library created an institutional repository with Open Access material • Today these have been integrated in most HE institutions and are usually handled by the library

  18. Cooperation between university libraries and the Libris unit within the National Library • The university libraries led by Uppsala UL have been responsible for • developing and creating consensus on metadata standards, • for information and communication about the service to all involved • The Libris unit • created the database, • the technical solutions to harvest data and • the user interface, which will be highly integrated in Libris national search service (the union catalog for all Swedish research libraries)

  19. SwePub as a basis for evaluation and allocation of research funding from the Government • Publications/Citations is now one important criterium for the allocation of research funds to universities • So far only citation data from Web of Science are used. These are said to give a fair picture by applying special formulas. This is questioned strongly, especially from Humanities and Social Science and also from bibliometric experts • The Swedish Research Council is responsible for implementing the system and has expressed a clear interest to use SwePub as an alternative at least for some fields. At present it is analyzing the data.

  20. Other core projects • Information and incentives for researchers • Creating OA Information for Researchers Website for instructional material about OA to be used by all interested parties Seminars targeted to researchers within universities • Access to Nobel Prize awarded works – a pilot • Parallell publishing / self-archiving • Parallell Publishing of Scientific Articles Trials and interviews with researchers • Domain modeling of rights and terms … automated support for parallel publishing

  21. Core projects • Diversity of content • Open Educational Resources in open digital archives • Research data in Humanities and Arts sciences – Open Access? • Complex digital objects within artistic higher education and research • OA journals • Aiding scientific journals towards Open Access publishing • Best practices guide to Open Access publishing • Sponsor support for DOAJ

  22. How the programme operates • General and specific calls for proposals each year From 2008-2009 the Swedish Knowledge Foundation co-funds projects with a special interest in access to learning resources • Projects may cover development of new services, standardization, advocacy, user surveys, legal and economic analysis, state of the art reports etc • Specialized seminars and major conferences for all involved in electronic publishing within higher education

  23. Future of the programme • An evaluation is being conducted by Leo Waaijers, the Netherlands, and Hanne Marie Kvaerndrup, Denmark, and will be reported by 1 December • They have expressed a high esteem of the programme and will propose that the National Library takes the lead in planning a continuation • Discussion are planned with other major stake-holders • The programme will be a National Open Access Liasion Office within a large EU project, OpenAIRE, that will create and infrastructure and support services for the research being funded with a OA mandate from the EU


  25. That is all and thank you for listening! Questions? Contact: Take a look at!