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2009. Live Free – Tobacco Free Smoke Free Survey. Presented by: Fatimah Ferré , MCom , CHES Matt Moyer, MA, CHES Brandye Nobiling , MS, CHES Southern Illinois University-Carbondale 4/1/2009. In conjunction with: Dr. Elaine M. Vitello and Ms. Edith Ng’oma
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2009 Live Free – Tobacco Free Smoke Free Survey Presented by: Fatimah Ferré, MCom, CHES Matt Moyer, MA, CHES BrandyeNobiling, MS, CHES Southern Illinois University-Carbondale 4/1/2009 In conjunction with: Dr. Elaine M. Vitello and Ms. Edith Ng’oma SIUC - Center for Rural Health and Social Services Live Free – Tobacco Free
Why Survey Smoking Compliance on campus? • Nearly 60 college campuses in the U.S. have a campus wide smoke free policy (CNN.com). • Illinois went smoke free on January 1, 2008. • The regulations on SIUC campus do not conform with Illinois Smoke Free Act. • A challenge existed to re-write The Clean Air Policy. • Center for Rural Health and Social Services (CRHSS) became actively involved. • CHRSS called upon us to develop a survey.
Purpose To determine the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of SIUC students in regards to smoking compliance on campus.
Methods • Developed a knowledge, attitude, and behavior survey in compliance with university protocol • Sample • Convenience sample • HED 101 Students • Total number of subjects (N) = 107
Methods, cont… • Cronbach’s Alpha (.74): attitude scale reliability • Frequency distributions • Independent t-test • Smokers/non-smokers
Demographics • 107 total respondents • 46% (n = 48) of respondents were male • 54% ( n= 57) of respondents were female • Smokers = 22 (21%) • Male: 14 • Female: 8 • Non-smokers = 84 (79%) • Male: 34 • Female: 49 • Unknown: 1 • Unknown (smoking status) = 1
Knowledge Items Smoking at a Hookah Bar is permissible if food and alcohol are sold (False) Penalty for smoking in a smoke-free area ($100-$250) SIUC is a smoke-free campus. (False) Smoke Free Illinois Act is a state regulation. Local/campus police are responsible for enforcing the smoke-free law. (True) Started the Illinois Tobacco Quitline. (IDPH)
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Most appear to have a sound knowledge of the smoking act. well recognized. Non-smokers are not likely to confront a smoker. Non-smokers support the enforcement of the Smoke Free Illinois Act. Conclusions
Conclusions, cont… • Smokers would utilize an outside smoking shelter if provided. • Smokers would agree to dispose of cigarettes if receptacles were available. • Respondents believed campus/city police have the most impact on the enforcement of smoking compliance. • Non-smokers support monetary fines to enforce smoking compliance.
Implications • Immediate efforts should be taken: • Establishing clear paths/smoking sections • Visible signage placement • Enforcement by campus/city police • Disciplinary action for non-compliance
Collect data via focus groups. Broaden the sample to be more representative. Promote advocacy among non-smokers. Recommendations
References • Facts About College Smoking. University of Rhode Island. http://www.uri.edu/smokefree/facts.html. 2001. Accessed April 26, 2008. • Fortin J. Smoke-Free College Trend Growing. CNN.com/health. http://www.cnn.com/2007/HEALTH/11/12/hm.smokefree.campus/index.html. November 12, 2007. Accessed April 27, 2008