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The Revolution Begins. 8.1. The Big Idea The tensions between the colonies and Great Britain led to armed conflict. The Revolution Begins. 8.1. Main Ideas The First Continental Congress demanded certain rights from Great Britain.

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the revolution begins
The Revolution Begins

8.1

The Big Idea

The tensions between the colonies and Great Britain led to armed conflict.

the revolution begins1
The Revolution Begins

8.1

  • MainIdeas
  • The First Continental Congress demanded certain rights from Great Britain.
  • Armed conflict between British soldiers and colonists broke out with the “shot heard ’round the world.”
  • The Second Continental Congress created the Continental Army to fight the British.
main idea 1 the first continental congress demanded certain rights from great britain
Main Idea 1: The First Continental Congress demanded certain rights from Great Britain.
  • First Continental Congress: ameeting in Philadelphia of delegates from all colonies except Georgia
  • Delegates halted trade with Britain and alerted the colonial militia to prepare for war.
main idea 1 the first continental congress demanded certain rights from great britain1
Main Idea 1: The First Continental Congress demanded certain rights from Great Britain.
  • Drafted Declaration of Rights that included the right to “life, liberty, and property”
  • British leaders ordered their troops to seize the colonial militias’ weapons.
slide5
Main Idea 2: Armed conflict between British soldiers and colonists broke out with the “shot heard ’round the world.”
  • 700 British troops sent to seize weapons at Concord
  • Paul Revere and two others rode to warn colonists
slide6
Main Idea 2: Armed conflict between British soldiers and colonists broke out with the “shot heard ’round the world.”
  • Minutemen—civilian volunteer militia—fought British in battle at Lexington, near Concord, on April 19, 1775
    • The battle ended in minutes, and the British continued on and destroyed the weapons they found.
  • British Redcoats were attacked by minutemen as they retreated to Boston
    • Minutemen shot at the troops from behind trees, fences, and buildings, killing over 250 soldiers.
main idea 3 the second continental congress created the continental army to fight the british
Main Idea 3: The Second Continental Congress created the Continental Army to fight the British.

Second Continental Congress

  • Delegates from 12 colonies met in Philadelphia in May 1775.
  • Some called for peace, others for war.
  • Compromised—created army but also sent Olive Branch Petition to King George
main idea 3 the second continental congress created the continental army to fight the british1
Main Idea 3: The Second Continental Congress created the Continental Army to fight the British.

Continental Army

  • Congress created the Continental Army.
  • Named a Virginian, George Washington, to command army and prepare for the war
battle of bunker hill
Battle of Bunker Hill
  • Patriots attacked British at Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775, to seize large supply of weapons
  • Colonial forces fortified Breed’s Hill to prevent British from escaping Boston
battle of bunker hill1
Battle of Bunker Hill
  • Army of 2,400 Redcoats fought 1,600 Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill
    • The British had to fight while crossing Boston Harbor in boats and then up the hill. The exposed hill made them easy targets.
  • Americans forced to retreat, but only after causing more than 1,000 British casualties
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