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Presentation of Vert l’Horizon at the Indian Institute of technology Delhi. Julien Peyrard Mickaël Edon. 28 January 2014. Who are we ?. What is Vert l’Horizon ?.

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Presentation of vert l horizon at the indian institute of technology delhi

Presentation of Vertl’Horizon at the Indian Institute of technology Delhi



28 January 2014

Who are we
Who are we ?

What is vert l horizon
What is Vertl’Horizon ?

Vertl’horizon(“Towards a green horizon” in English) is a biking journey around the world in order to discoverer our sustainable future in the domain of environment and energy.


1-year journey

2 best friends

26 countries

70 km per cycling day

100s of people to meet

767 points of interest mapped

15’000 km cycled (approx.)

Our itinerary
Our itinerary

Our mission
Our mission

  • Discovering local projects

  • Alerting about endangered regions

  • Accomplishing a physical challenge

  • Meeting new people

  • Experiencing new cultures

  • Climbing 3 symbolicsummits

  • Managing a complexproject

  • Sharingourlearnings (book, conferences, …)

Our vision
Our vision

  • Majorchallenge of the 21st century

  • Transgression of planetaryboundaries

  • Change of mindsetisneeded

  • Overcomepolitical and social barriers

  • Getinspiredby local initiatives

Our carbon offsetting
Our carbon offsetting

  • Offsetting GHG duetoplanetravels

  • 20.66 tons of CO2 equivalent in total

  • Flexiway Solar Solutions

  • Solar Muscle: Solar LED lightsreplacing kerosene lamps

  • 1 light willsave 0.3 tons of CO2 eq.

  • 69 lightsneeded

What we have learned green school in bali
What we have learned:Green School in Bali

  • High qualityinternationalteaching

  • Effortsforintegrationwithlocals

  • Effortsforsustainability: bamboobuildings, PV, …

  • Foster interesttosustainabilitybyeducation

  • See TED conference of John Hardy

What we have learned cdm project on composting
What we have learned:CDM project on composting

  • Clean Development Mechanism projects (as per Kyoto Protocol) provides Carbon Credit that can be traded.

  • David Krüpper, project initiator, explains us:

    • Organic waste recycled into compost

    • Prevent methane creation in landfills (strong GHG)

    • Difficult financial situation & complex bureaucracy

What we have learned newater
What we have learned:NEWater

  • Water scarcity in Singapore: 4 taps

  • Publiccampaignsforsavingwater

  • Spearhead of wastewaterrecycledtodrinkingwater

  • 3 steps: microfiltration, reverse osmosis, UV desinfection

  • Ultra purewater: usedmainlyforindustry

What we have learned singapore e nergy outlook
What we have learned:Singapore energy outlook

  • Meeting with Ho HiangKwee, Researcher for the government

  • 80% of electricityfromgas (expensivebutcleaner)

  • StrongpotentialforSolar PV (10% of production)

  • Levellizedcost of PV nearlycompetitivewithretailcost

  • Strongeffortsontransportation:

    • Publictransportsverywelldevelopped

    • Hugetaxesonprivate cars, bonus-malussystem, citytoll, need of specificcertificate

  • Objective of 80% of Green Buildingsby 2030

What we have learned malaysia and sustainability
What we have learned:Malaysia and sustainability

  • Meeting withLuqmanChuah, Professor and Deputy Dean from the Universiti Putra Malaysia

  • 60% of electricity comes fromgas-petrol

  • Big gas-petrol reserve in Malaysia. Big subsidiesto fossil fuel and public opposition when decreased

  • Beside hydro, main source of renewable: biomass, used in small-scale power plant

  • 40% emissionreductionby 2020 willnot be attained

  • Lucrative palm oil industries caused deforestation

    of 60% of Borneo and Sumatra: externalities should

    be included in final cost

What we have learned thailand
What we have learned:Thailand

  • Meeting withDoctor SopitsudaTongsopit, from the Energy Research Institude, Bangkok

  • 68% of electricity from gas. Developpinghydro in neighbouring Laos

  • Alternative Energy Development Plan to reach a 25% of renewable energy consumption by 2021

  • Attractive pricing structure for renewables (feed-in tariffs)

  • Futuredevelopments of biomass (from

    agriculturalresidues), biogas, solar and

    wind (2GW proposedprojects)

What we have learned china
What we have learned:China

  • MeetingswithShuChen, Vice Director of the SWUST and withDrJingXu, Professor at the SWUEF.

  • Greatestenergyconsumer(mainlycoal) and mainGHG emitter

  • Complicatedto set up anenvironmentallegislation and enforceit(resistance, corruption, bureaucracy, …)

  • Importantair pollutionproblems in allthebigcities. Obligationforpowerplantstoinstalfilterfor SO2.

  • E-waste: verypollutingindustry. Legislationforbidding «wild» retreatment. Innovationsfor

    recycling (usingwasteheat).

  • PV waste: no solutionyet. Startingto be


What we have learned nepal
What we have learned:Nepal

  • Meeting with Mr. Gurung, CEO of Wind Power Nepal and Mr. Adikhari, National advisor of AEPC

  • Electricity scarcity (20% of household connected. Up to 18 hours / day of shortage).

  • Big potential of RET: 2nd water ressources in the world. 300 days of sun.

  • Lack of governmental stability and commitment. Lack of long-term view prevent development of renewables.

  • Cooking is 80% of primary energy demand.

  • Programme for clean cooking stove

    launched in 2013

Further readings

  • Fifth assessment report, from the IPCC:

  • On the German energy transition:

  • A Renewable energy roadmap, from IRENA:

  • Accelerating the transition to Clean Energy Technologies:

  • What is resilience:

About cycling
About cycling

  • More than 4000 km cycled so far, at the average speed of 15-20 km/h

  • Between 70 and 140 km on a cycling day

  • 20 kg bicycle + 20 kg stuff + 5 L of water

  • Full autonomy (tent, stove, water filter, …)

  • 120 Liters capacity per bicycle

  • Equipped for very hot, very cold (-20 deg C) and humid climates.

  • Use of good components: not a single flat tyre so far! Use of a Rohloff gearbox (14 speeds)

The beast
The beast

Bicycle transportation of the future
Bicycle, transportation of the future !

“Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance you must keep moving”, Albert Einstein.

The bike is great for health, for the mind, for the environment, and for the fun !

Best fuel efficiency (kWh/100km/pax) of the bike: 8,4 times better than an efficient car.

How fast do you REALLY drive your car?

Speed = distance / (time spend to drive it + time spent to pay for it (cost of the car, gas, insurance, …)) = 6 km/haccording to an American study.

Travel diary indonesia
Travel diary, Indonesia

Bali as seen from Mt Rinjani (3726 m)

Our first hosts, Refi and Hannah

Blue flames of KawahIjen

Prambanan Hindu temple

Travel diary singapore
Travel diary, Singapore

Singapore by night

Singapore by… day

Couchsurfing meeting

A green city

Travel diary malaysia
Travel diary, Malaysia

Meeting locals

Putra Jaya, administrative capital

Beautiful mosque

Trying sarung

Travel diary thailand
Travel diary, Thailand

In the South

Ton Sai bay, rock climbing site

Buddhist temple

Looking at the horizon

Travel diary cambodia
Travel diary, Cambodia

Towards Siem Reap

World Heritage, Angkor temples


Phnom Penh, royal palace

Travel diary vietnam
Travel diary, Vietnam

Typical hat

The road kings (…)

Trails, our favorite terrain

Ha Long bay

Travel diary china
Travel diary, China

Fighting winter in Yunnan

A geologist In the Wen Shu temple

Unusual faces…

On the radio

Travel diary nepal
Travel diary, Nepal

Pushkar Shah (Nepalese legend)

“Tour de Gorkha, our history, our pride”

DhaulaGiri and Annapurna

Cycling on crazy/beautiful roads

Travel diary india
Travel diary, India

Crossing an unusual vehicle

Crossing Ghagra river

MautKaKuaa (crazy)



Thank you Professor MukeshKhare for your kind invitation;

Thank you all for listening;

You can follow us on our website !