approaches to abnormal psychology l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
APPROACHES TO ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
APPROACHES TO ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 6

APPROACHES TO ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 205 Views
  • Uploaded on

APPROACHES TO ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY. AS PSYCHOLOGY. BIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MODELS OF ABNORMALITY. Biological Model. Behavioural Model. Cognitive Model. Psychodynamic Model. Biological & Psychological Models of Abnormality. Biological Approach

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

APPROACHES TO ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. APPROACHES TO ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY AS PSYCHOLOGY

    2. BIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MODELS OF ABNORMALITY Biological Model Behavioural Model Cognitive Model Psychodynamic Model

    3. Biological & Psychological Models of Abnormality • Biological Approach • Defines abnormality as disease or illness • Assumes organic basis – brain structure, functioning or biochemistry, possibly genes • No blame attached Biological Model • Ignores environmental influences and social conditions • Hands responsibility to the professionals • Leads to fear of mental illness and possible shunning of those diagnosed

    4. Biological & Psychological Models of Abnormality • Assumes that disorders arise through conflicts between id or superego and a weakened ego (Freud) • Assumes childhood trauma is influential, or else the exhaustion of usefulness of defence mechanisms • The unconscious is key • Intuitive and experiential appeal Psychodynamic Model • Difficult to demonstrate empirically • Deterministic, places heavy burden on parents • Psychoanalysis and other “talking cures” are often expensive and long Freud

    5. Biological & Psychological Models of Abnormality • Assumes abnormal behaviour is learnt • Only overt behaviour is relevant, whether adaptive or maladaptive • “Mental illness”/“Mental disorder” not meaningful • Classical Conditioning, operant conditioning, and social learning theory • Practically – orientated therapies Behavioural Model • Behavioural methods can be forced on people • Focus on symptoms rather that causes • Risk of “ symptom substitution”

    6. Biological & Psychological Models of Abnormality • Focuses on thinking processes which occur between a stimulus and a response (Beck, Ellis) • Assumes that distorted thinking is cause of emotional problems • Practical, problem – solving approach to therapy Cognitive Model • Are cognitive processes cause or effect of problems? • Emphasis on self-sufficiency can lead to blame and ignoring social conditions