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Political socialization 2005-2006 Leiden Uni, Fac Soc Sci, Dep Pol Sci Lecture 3 – 22.02.2006. Start : short recap Lecture 2 (things left) Today’s lecture : trends, generations, new forms Next time 01.03.2006 :
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Start : short recap Lecture 2 (things left)
Today’s lecture : trends, generations, new forms
Next time 01.03.2006 :
workshop 1 on Answer to your learning question(s) based on at least 3 sources from the assigned literature list
see course manual
we select papers and install chair/discussant at workshop
Forms : Primary – SecondaryOther – Self
Intermezzo :Self & (political) identityPhase-thinking
Key emphases :
not in vacuum
changes with time
as well as place
more personal flexibility
take account extension youth phase (Niemi & Hepburn)
go beyond phase/stage-thinking (Sears et al.)
focus on reconstruction messages in interactions (Wasburn)
life course transitions (age/life cycle effects)
events as catalysts (period effects)
formative experiences (cohort/generation effect)
longitudinal (panel) surveys iso postmodernist theorizing
effects similar for interactions with parents, teachers, peers, (new) media (incl. does message from parents change when discussed with peers; see Wasburn) ?
effects similar for values, attitudes (incl. cognitions, emotions, etc.), and actions ?
re : actions : effects similar for voting, demonstrating, volunteering, blogging, buycotts, etc. ?
Many labels : e.g., protest generation, lost generation, backseat generation, ‘hotel mama’ generation, etc., vary by nation (similarities are there)
Conditions : similar historic location, concious of shared formative history and destiny, groups articulating generation’s voice
NL : political cleavages war/pre-war and post-war generation
Difficult necessity : disentangling APC-effects (identification problem); impossible in one-shot survey : e.g., say in a 2006-survey people aged 20 are more right-wing than people aged 30 and formative period is 15-25 years of age; why more right-wing ? Because of being 20, events of 2001-2006, or being born in 1986 vis-a-vis being 30, events of 1991-2006, or being born in 1976 ? Nobody will know in a one-shot survey !
Survey questions signs of the times: playing cards, occupying buildings, writing letters to Congress (what was conventional-unconventional then, is now no more)
Not innocent ! Younger generations seen as non-civic threatening the survival of smooth interactions and democracy based on these surveys
Alternative forms of engagement have developed : personalized, identity-based, consumerist, informal, spontaneous, short-lived, flexible, reflexive, feminine (Bennett; Ester & Vinken)
Outcomes of political socialization younger generation ?
What does this mean for research ? (Stolle & Hooghe)
Do new forms matter ? Does shopping make the street lights burn? Do ‘real’ politics increasingly rely on older ‘civic’ generations only?
Some examples (see also ‘course info’ on Blackboard)
Contribute to Discussion board forum on Blackboard