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General Education 111. Chapter Twenty-Three: Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections. Chapter Twenty-Three: Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections. The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans Motives for Exploration Portuguese Exploration .

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chapter twenty three transoceanic encounters and global connections

General Education 111

Chapter Twenty-Three:

Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

slide2

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Motives for Exploration
      • Portuguese

Exploration

Caravan traveling from China to Europe, Catalan Atlas ca. 1375

slide3

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Motives for Exploration
      • Portuguese Exploration
      • The Lure of Trade
slide4

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Motives for Exploration
      • Portuguese Exploration
      • The Lure of Trade
      • Missionary Efforts
slide5

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • The Technology of Exploration
      • Navigational Instruments

Mariner using cross staff to determine latitude.

slide6

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • The Technology of Exploration
      • Navigational Instruments
      • Knowledge of Winds and Currents
slide7

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • The Technology of Exploration
      • Navigational Instruments
      • Knowledge of Winds and Currents
      • The volta do mar
slide8

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration:

From the Mediterranean

to the Atlantic

European Exploration in the Atlantic Ocean, 1486-1498 C.E.

slide9

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration: From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic
      • Prince Henry of Portugal
slide10

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration: From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic
      • Prince Henry of Portugal
      • Vasco da Gama
slide11

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration: From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic
      • Prince Henry of Portugal
      • Vasco da Gama
      • Christopher Columbus
slide12

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration: From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic
      • Prince Henry of Portugal
      • Vasco da Gama
      • Christopher Columbus
      • Hemispheric Links
slide13

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration: From the Atlantic to the Pacific
      • Ferdinand Magellan
slide14

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration: From the Atlantic to the Pacific
      • Ferdinand Magellan
      • The Circumnavigation
slide15

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration: From the Atlantic to the Pacific
      • Ferdinand Magellan
      • The Circumnavigation
      • Exploration of the Pacific
slide16

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • The European Reconnaissance of the World’s Oceans
    • Voyages of Exploration: From the Atlantic to the Pacific
      • Ferdinand Magellan
      • The Circumnavigation
      • Exploration of the Pacific
      • Captain James Cook
slide17

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • Trading-Post Empires
      • Portugese Trading Posts
slide18

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • Trading-Post Empires
      • Portugese Trading Posts
      • Afonso d’Alboquerque
slide19

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • Trading-Post Empires
      • Portugese Trading Posts
      • Afonso d’Alboquerque
      • English and Dutch Trading Posts
slide20

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • Trading-Post Empires
      • Portugese Trading Posts
      • Afonso d’Alboquerque
      • English and Dutch Trading Posts
      • The Trading Companies
slide21

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • European Conquests in Southeast Asia
      • Conquest of the Philippines
slide22

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • European Conquests in Southeast Asia
      • Conquest of the Philippines
      • Manila
slide23

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • European Conquests in Southeast Asia
      • Conquest of the Philippines
      • Manila
      • Conquest of Java

The City of Batavia, ca. 1650

slide24

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • Commercial Rivalries and the Seven Years’ War
      • Competition and Conflict
slide25

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • Commercial Rivalries and the Seven Years’ War
      • Competition and Conflict
      • The Seven Years’ War
slide26

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Trade and Conflict in Early Modern Asia
    • Commercial Rivalries and the Seven Years’ War
      • Competition and Conflict
      • The Seven Years’ War
      • British Hegemony
slide27

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Global Exchanges
    • The Columbian Exchange
      • Biological Exchanges
slide28

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Global Exchanges
    • The Columbian Exchange
      • Biological Exchanges
      • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
slide29

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Global Exchanges
    • The Columbian Exchange
      • Biological Exchanges
      • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
      • Food Crops and Animals
slide30

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Global Exchanges
    • The Columbian Exchange
      • Biological Exchanges
      • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
      • Food Crops and Animals
      • American Crops

American crops unknown to Europe

slide31

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Global Exchanges
    • The Columbian Exchange
      • Biological Exchanges
      • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
      • Food Crops and Animals
      • American Crops
      • Population Growth
slide32

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Global Exchanges
    • The Columbian Exchange
      • Biological Exchanges
      • Epidemic Diseases and Population Decline
      • Food Crops and Animals
      • American Crops
      • Population Growth
      • Migration
slide33

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Global Exchanges
    • The Origins of Global Trade
      • Transoceanic Trade
slide34

Chapter Twenty-Three:Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections

  • Sources From The Past:

Christopher Columbus’s First Impression of American Peoples

“They are very gentle and do not know what evil is; nor do they kill others, nor steal; and they are without weapons and so timid that a hundred of them flee from one of our men even if our men are teasing them...”

- Christopher Columbus

major lessons
Major lessons
  • The 16th century marked the turning point at which Europeans began to systematically push outwards
  • Expansion was a complex interaction of motivations; trade, territory, religion, etc.
  • Expansion was facilitated by scientific knowledge and nautical technology
  • Expansion is best seen as interactions – there were benefits and losses on both sides
  • Not all European powers took the same approach to exploration and colonization
  • Why did the Europeans succeed?