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Good day, Scholars!. Brainstorm with your table…which events led to the American Revolution?. The Colonies Unite!. 1 st Continental Congress. Meeting held in Philadelphia in 1774 (all the colonies except Georgia) to discuss what to do about England.

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Good day scholars

Good day, Scholars!

Brainstorm with your table…which events led to the American Revolution?

1 st continental congress
1st Continental Congress

  • Meeting held in Philadelphia in 1774 (all the colonies except Georgia) to discuss what to do about England.

  • They were not planning to declare independence at this point, only to find a peaceful solution.

  • Voted to stop all trade with Britain until they repealed the Intolerable Acts.

  • Each colony agreed to start training militia troops in case they had to fight Britain.

    • Militia

      • Civilians

      • Not professional soldiers

      • Volunteer

      • Minutemen – be prepared to fight with a minute’s notice

Paul revere s midnight ride
Paul Revere’s Midnight Ride

  • Sam Adams (Sons of Liberty) had spies keeping an eye out for British troops to attack.

    • “One if by land. Two if by sea”

  • The British finally made a move to arrest colonial leaders in Lexington and attack and destroy a weapons depot in Concord.

  • Seeing the signal, Paul Revere and 2 other men jumped on horseback riding throughout the night to warn colonists of the British troop’s arrival.

    • “The British are coming! The British are coming!”

1 st shots fired
1st Shots Fired

By the rude bridge that arched the flood,

Their flag to April's breeze unfurled,

Here once the embattled farmers stood

And fired the shot heard round the world.

Ralph Waldo Emerson,


This quote is talking about the firsts shots fired during the Revolutionary War… this took place in Lexington.

2 nd continental congress
2nd Continental Congress

  • Finalized the Declaration of Independence (most important accomplishment)

  • Voted to organize a national army

  • Appointed George Washington as its Commander in Chief.

Last attempt at peace
Last attempt at peace…

  • Olive Branch Petition

    • Colonial leaders wrote a petition to King George asking him to leave them alone and to restore peace.

    • King George refused to listen to their pleas.

Common sense
Common Sense

  • Written by Thomas Paine

  • Argued that the only way to be a thriving, profitable group of colonies was to become independent from Britain.

  • It makes sense to govern ourselves.

  • This book (really a pamphlet) sold over 100,000 copies and was very influential in getting people to join the revolutionary leaders.

Break up letter
Break Up Letter

  • Here’s your chance to turn on the drama!

  • Write a break up letter to England from the Colonies explaining three reasons why you want to break up.

Reflect on today s learning
Reflect on today’s learning…

  • Pair share Break Up Letters

Good day scholars1

Good day, Scholars!

Declaration of independence
Declaration of Independence

  • Written by Thomas Jefferson

  • Wanted to ensuring their Unalienable Rights by inclding this statement…

    • "That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed."

  • Lists colonial grievances against King George III

  • Outlines what a government should be

The declaration of independence
The Declaration of Independence

  • Reasons for writing it..

  • 1. To declare independence…duh!

  • 2. To unify the people

    • About 1/3 were Patriots, 1/3 were Loyalists, and 1/3 were undecided.

  • 3. To appeal to other countries for support

    • Make their struggle public in this document.

Declaration of independence1
Declaration of Independence

  • What’s NOT in the document is just as important as what IS…

  • Does not mention Parliament

    • All the blame is placed on King George III

  • Does not discuss the rights of Englishmen

    • Other countries wouldn’t care about the rights of an Englishman, only about natural rights.

Declaration of independence2
Declaration of Independence

  • Does NOT mention slavery

    • Although it was in the draft, it was removed by the Continental Congress. They wanted to unite the country and slavery was a controversial topic. Better to leave it out.