perfect and pluperfect tense n.
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Perfect and Pluperfect Tense. Perfect Tense Active. Use 3 rd principal part, remove i Add endings i , isti , it, imus , istis , erunt Use “have __ ed ” “did ___” or ___ ed as translations Ex. amavit discesserunt movi. Perfect Tense Passive. Use 4 th principal part whole

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perfect tense active
Perfect Tense Active
  • Use 3rd principal part, remove i
  • Add endings i, isti, it, imus, istis, erunt
  • Use “have __ed” “did ___” or ___ed as translations

Ex. amavitdiscesseruntmovi

perfect tense passive
Perfect Tense Passive
  • Use 4th principal part whole
  • 2 words
  • Add sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt as separate words (present of sum)
  • Use “have been __ed” or “was ___ed” as translations
  • Also used for any deponents

Ex. datisuntmissaest conatus es

pluperfect tense active
Pluperfect Tense Active
  • Use 3rd principal part, remove i
  • Add endings eram, eras, erat, eramus, eratis, erant (imperfect of sum)
  • Use “had” to translate

Ex. laudaveramusportaveratis

spectaverant

pluperfect tense passive
Pluperfect Tense Passive
  • Use 4th principal part whole
  • 2 words
  • Add eram, eras, erat, eramus, eratis, erant (imperfect of sum) as a separate word
  • Use “had been __ed” as translation
  • Also used for deponents

Ex. iutaestcommendataesumus

pollicitisunt