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Children the Early Years by Celia Anita Decker. Chapter 2 Families Today. http://quizlet.com/13725684/. After studying this chapter you will be able to:. Describe changes affecting families today. Explain the role of families in today’s society.

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Children the early years by celia anita decker

Children the Early Years by Celia Anita Decker

Chapter 2

Families Today



After studying this chapter you will be able to

After studying this chapter you will be able to:

Describe changes affecting families today.

Explain the role of families in today’s society.

List the main advantages and disadvantages of living in different types of families.

Explain changes that take place during the FLC.

Describe the major roles of parents.

Define three parenting styles.

List characteristics of healthy families.

Describe ways that culture influence the family.


Changes affecting families today
Changes Affecting Families Today

Changes in society have caused major changes in the family.

Before the Industrial Revolution, most families lived on farms.

Farm families met most of their own needs. They were producers who built their own homes, made their own clothes, and grew their own food.


  • These families consisted of the immediate family(parents and their children) as well as grandparents and other family members.

  • During the Industrial Revolution, many families moved off the farms and into the cities to work in factories, leaving relatives and friends behind.

  • In the cities, families began to depend on others outside the family to produce most of the needed goods and services. City families became consumers.


Changes in family roles
Changes in Family Roles

  • The roles of family members have changed through the years.

  • Until the 1700s, parents were the only ones to meet children’s physical needs for food, clothing, shelter, and safety.




Family types

Family Types role children played in the economy.


Nuclear families
Nuclear Families role children played in the economy.

  • A father, mother, and their biological child or children who live together for a nuclear family.




Single parent families
Single-Parent Families care roles in the nuclear family.

  • SPF are headed by one adult. These families form when a parent dies, parents divorce or separate, or a single parent adopts children.

  • A single parent may also head the family if parents have children outside of marriage or a parent deserts the family.


  • Rising children alone is hard. care roles in the nuclear family.

  • Single parents face the responsibility of providing care, supervision, and guidance for their children alone.



Extended families
Extended Families stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • In an extended family, more than two generations of a family live together.

  • Sometimes the extended family lives in one home.


Step families
Step Families stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • Stepfamiliesare formed when a single parent marries another person.

  • Two single parents marry each other in most cases.

  • Families in which the children of both spouse will live with the couple are sometimes called a blended family.


Families with adopted children
Families with Adopted Children stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • Adoption occurs when a child of one pair of parents legally becomes the child of another parent or parents.

  • Adoption legally ends the rights and responsibilities between a child and the birthparents (biological parents).

  • Adoption give the child a new family.


Foster families
Foster Families stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • Foster Familiesare families in which adults provide temporary homes of children who cannot live with their birthparents.

  • Foster parents assume the parenting responsibility for the children in their care.

  • They fill these roles until the children are reunited with their birthparents or placed in adoptive homes.


The family life cycle

The Family Life Cycle stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.


Family Life Cycle stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.is the series of six stages that many families go through over the years.


Single
Single stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • As you enter Young adulthood (begin at age 19), you begin to separate emotionally from your family.

  • During this stage, you strive to become fully able to support yourself emotionally, physically, socially, and financially.


Couple
Couple stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • The newly married couple start a life together by combining both family systems (yours and your spouse).

  • They get to know each other and decide if they want children, and how soon. If not then they will stay in this stage until mid-years


Child bearing
Child Bearing stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

The couple starts to have children.

This stage

last until the birth of the

last child.

Parents learn

their roles in caring for

and guiding children.


Parenting
Parenting stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • The couple focus on guiding their children through the school-age and teen years. This stage last until children start to leave home.


Empty nest
Empty Nest stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • The stage of launching adult children begins when your first child leaves home and ends with the "empty nest."

  • When children leave home, there are both positive and negative consequences.


Mid years
Mid Years stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • The couple focuses on their marriage, planning for their future, and becoming grandparents.

  • This stage last until the couple retires.


Aging
Aging stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.

  • This stage can be a great adventure where you are free from the responsibilities of raising your children and can simply enjoy the fruits of your life's work.

  • Change includes dealing with the loss of family & friends and the preparation for our own death and the end of our generation.

  • This stage last the rest of their lives.


Roles of parents

Roles of Parents stable than children in unhappy two-parent homes.


  • Parents are responsible for the well-being of their children.

  • Children must be socialized into their culture by their parents and other members of their family.

  • Children thrive in a nurturing environment and need guidance and discipline to learn right from wrong


Socialization
Socialization children.

  • Socialization is the training children receive to help them learn to live in a group.

  • Learning occur as early as 5 yrs old.

  • Socialization is complicated requires the passing down of many values that work toward the same end.


Nurturance
Nurturance children.

  • Nurturance, in a narrow sense, includes the physical aspects of child care, such as feeding, dressing, and bathing children.

  • Needs of children (mental, social, emotional and physical).


Guidance discipline
Guidance & Discipline children.

  • Child guidance & discipline are important responsibilities of parenthood.

  • Guidanceincludes the words and actions parents use to influence their child’s behavior.

  • Disciplineis the use of methods and techniques to teach children self-control.


  • Punishment children. is a consequence for a misdeed.

  • The goal of guidance and discipline is to teach children behaviors that will help them guide themselves.



Type of discipline
Type of Discipline children.

  • Power Assertion: occurs when parents use or threaten to use some form of physical punishment.

  • Love Withdrawal: parents threaten children with being unloved or suggest some form of parent/child separation.

  • Induction: discipline by reasoning and explaining.


Assignment writing
Assignment: children.Writing

  • Write a one page opinion paper on the phrase, “Don’t let me catch you doing that again!”

  • Share with the class.


Parenting styles
Parenting Styles children.

  • Authoritarian: the main objective is to make children completely obedient.

  • Permissive: parents give children almost no guidance and rules.

  • Democratic: parents set some rules but allow children some freedom.


Group assignment role play
Group Assignment children.Role Play

Have students role play the various types of parenting styles.

  • Authoritarian

  • Permissive

  • Democratic



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