slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
If clause

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

If clause - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 224 Views
  • Uploaded on

If clause. There are four types of conditional sentence. It is sometimes called the "if" clause. It is formed by two clauses.The. former clause expresses the condition while. the latter indicates the result. of that condition or vice versa. We use this type of condition to express a.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'If clause' - aiden


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2
There are four types of conditional sentence.

It is sometimes called the "if" clause.

It is formed by two clauses.The

former clause expresses the condition while

the latter indicates the result

of that condition or vice versa.

slide3
We use this type of condition to express a

universal truth.

The present simple tense is used in both

the main clause and the subordinate clause.

e.g. If you heat water to 100℃,

it boils.

Type 0

If clause

Main clause

slide4
Exercise

1.If it _________ (rain) heavily, our house

_________ (leak).

2.If we ________ (put) ice in the sun,it

_________ (melt) quickly.

3.If we _____________(feel) well, we

________(see) a doctor.

4.If a dog ________ (see) stranger,it

________(bark).

rains

leaks

put

melts

do not feel

see

sees

barks

slide5
This type of condition is used for present or

future activities which are likely to happen.

We use the present simple tense in the if clause

and the shall/will/can/may+infinitive construction

in the main clause.

Type 1

Present

v

e.g. If you work hard, you will succeed.

Future

slide6
Exercise

1.If you ____________ (work) hard,you_______

_______(fail).

2.If it ________(rain),I ___________(come)

and meet you in the car.

3.If it ___________ (rain) tomorrow,I _______

___________ (stay) at home.

don't work

will

fail

rains

will come

rains

will

stay

slide7
The condition is used for present or future activities

which are unlikely or impossible to happen.

We use the past simple tense in the if clause and

the should/would+infinitive contruction in the

main clause.

Type 2

e.g. If you asked me, I would help you.

Past tense / past subjunctive

would+infinitive

n

slide8
Exercise

1.If I _________ (be) a bird, I _____________

(fly) everywhere.

2.If you _________ (tell) me the truth,I ______

_____________________ (give) you some

constructive advice.

3.If there _________ (be) a typhoon tomorrow,

I _______________ (be) very happy.

would fly

were

told

would/

could/might give

was

could be

slide9
This is the only type of condition which deals with

past situations.The action mentioned did not

really happen.

We use the past perfect tense in the if clause and

the should/would+have+past participle construction

in the main clause.

Type 3

Past Perfect

If Ihad had time last year,

Iwould have joinedthe Student Union.

h

would + have + past participle

slide10
Exercise

1.If it ____________(rain) yesterday, I ___________

_____________(stay) at home.

2.If the principal __________________(allow) us to

supervise the tuck shop, food poisoning ____________

____________(occur) last Friday.

3.If the chairman _______________(ask) me to

help, I_______________(join) to fight for

better hygienic conditions.

had rained

should/would

have stayed

had allowed

would not

have occured

had asked

would have joined

slide12
Exercises

We are affected!!

Economic recession affects all local employees. My

father (1)____________fired if his company does not

have sufficient orders next year.Luckily, my mother

is a junior civil servant who is working in the Regional

Council.She might be dismissed only if she (2)________

a crime or made serious mistakes. Yet with the

combination of the Urban Council and Regional Council,

many posts are redundant. She (3)_______________

her job if her department shrinks.

She is rather anxious about losing her job. “If I

(4)__________a university degree, I would not have

been a janitor,” my mother said. “Don’t worry!The

SAR government is a good boss. If I were you, I

will/may be

committed

will/might/may lose

had got

slide13
(5)_________as hard as I could,” my father tried

to comfort her.

Frankly, if my parents lost their jobs, I

(6)_____________ my studies, too.

If I (7)_________part of the HKSAR government, I would create more job opportunities

for all local workers.Measures like diversification

of trade and markets may compensate the unemployment rate. Hong Kong is highly competitive. You will be dismissed by your boss if you (8)_____

_____hard. Uncle Tom is a typical example.If he

had worked hard, he (9)______________________ by his manager.

Even students must try their utmost or they (10)__________ expelled from school.

would work

would give up

were

don't

work

would not have been fired/dismissed

will be

ad