If clause. There are four types of conditional sentence. It is sometimes called the "if" clause. It is formed by two clauses.The. former clause expresses the condition while. the latter indicates the result. of that condition or vice versa. We use this type of condition to express a.
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It is sometimes called the "if" clause.
It is formed by two clauses.The
former clause expresses the condition while
the latter indicates the result
of that condition or vice versa.
The present simple tense is used in both
the main clause and the subordinate clause.
e.g. If you heat water to 100℃,
1.If it _________ (rain) heavily, our house
2.If we ________ (put) ice in the sun,it
_________ (melt) quickly.
3.If we _____________(feel) well, we
________(see) a doctor.
4.If a dog ________ (see) stranger,it
do not feel
future activities which are likely to happen.
We use the present simple tense in the if clause
and the shall/will/can/may+infinitive construction
in the main clause.
e.g. If you work hard, you will succeed.
1.If you ____________ (work) hard,you_______
2.If it ________(rain),I ___________(come)
and meet you in the car.
3.If it ___________ (rain) tomorrow,I _______
___________ (stay) at home.
which are unlikely or impossible to happen.
We use the past simple tense in the if clause and
the should/would+infinitive contruction in the
e.g. If you asked me, I would help you.
Past tense / past subjunctive
1.If I _________ (be) a bird, I _____________
2.If you _________ (tell) me the truth,I ______
_____________________ (give) you some
3.If there _________ (be) a typhoon tomorrow,
I _______________ (be) very happy.
past situations.The action mentioned did not
We use the past perfect tense in the if clause and
the should/would+have+past participle construction
in the main clause.
If Ihad had time last year,
Iwould have joinedthe Student Union.
would + have + past participle
1.If it ____________(rain) yesterday, I ___________
_____________(stay) at home.
2.If the principal __________________(allow) us to
supervise the tuck shop, food poisoning ____________
____________(occur) last Friday.
3.If the chairman _______________(ask) me to
help, I_______________(join) to fight for
better hygienic conditions.
would have joined
We are affected!!
Economic recession affects all local employees. My
father (1)____________fired if his company does not
have sufficient orders next year.Luckily, my mother
is a junior civil servant who is working in the Regional
Council.She might be dismissed only if she (2)________
a crime or made serious mistakes. Yet with the
combination of the Urban Council and Regional Council,
many posts are redundant. She (3)_______________
her job if her department shrinks.
She is rather anxious about losing her job. “If I
(4)__________a university degree, I would not have
been a janitor,” my mother said. “Don’t worry!The
SAR government is a good boss. If I were you, I
to comfort her.
Frankly, if my parents lost their jobs, I
(6)_____________ my studies, too.
If I (7)_________part of the HKSAR government, I would create more job opportunities
for all local workers.Measures like diversification
of trade and markets may compensate the unemployment rate. Hong Kong is highly competitive. You will be dismissed by your boss if you (8)_____
_____hard. Uncle Tom is a typical example.If he
had worked hard, he (9)______________________ by his manager.
Even students must try their utmost or they (10)__________ expelled from school.
would give up
would not have been fired/dismissed