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Motor Control and Motor Learning in Rehabilitation. Parniyan M aneshi Leila F.Farahani Sara Honarvar MaralKasiri Dr. Arshi Spring 2013. Contents. Introduction to Motor Control Motor Learning Definition Theories of Motor Learning Theories Related to Stages of Learning Motor Skills

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motor control and motor learning in rehabilitation

Motor Control and Motor Learning in Rehabilitation

ParniyanManeshi

Leila F.Farahani

Sara Honarvar

MaralKasiri

Dr. Arshi

Spring 2013

contents
Contents
  • Introduction to Motor Control
  • Motor Learning Definition
  • Theories of Motor Learning
  • Theories Related to Stages of Learning Motor Skills
  • Practical Applications
  • Rehabilitation and Motor Learning/ recovery of function
  • Conclusion
introduction

Motor control

Motor development

Motor learning

Introduction
motor control and theories
Motor Control and Theories

Reflex

Hierarchical

Contemporary Systems

  • An area of natural science exploring how the CNS produces purposeful and coordinated movements

Polio

Muscle Reeducation

Neurotherapeutic Facilitation (NDT, PNF, Brunnstorm, Sensory Integration)

Task-Oriented Approach

(includes motor learning principle)

motor learning
Motor Learning
  • Definition of motor learning reflects four concepts:
    • Learning skilled action
    • Experience and practice
    • Learning cannot be measured
    • Permanent changes in behavior
motor development
Motor Development
  • focuses on how the acquisition, improvement, and control of motor skills change and vary across the lifespan.
theories of motor learning
Theories of Motor Learning
  • Adams’s Closed-loop Theory
    • Clinical implications
    • limitations
  • Schmidt’s Schema Theory
    • Clinical Implications
    • Limitations
stages of learning
Stages of Learning
  • Verbal-Cognitive stage
  • Motor stage
  • Autonomous stage
approaches of learning
Approaches of learning
  • Instruction
  • Showing
    • Cueing
  • Guidance procedure
rehearsal
Rehearsal
  • Mental
    • Mental imagery
  • Physical
    • Simulator
    • Part practice
      • Fractionization
      • Segmentation
      • Simplification
    • Slow moving
    • Error configuration
practice
Practice
  • Blocked practice
  • Random practice
feedback
Feedback
  • Response-produced
    • Intrinsic/ Inherent
    • extrinsic/ augmented
      • Knowledge of result
      • Knowledge of performance
slide13

Sensory information

Related to movement

Not related to movement

Before action

As a result of action

Extrinsic feedback

Intrinsic feedback

Sight, hearing, touch, smell, sense of motion

Knowledge of result

Knowledge of performance

recovery of function
Recovery of function
  • Reacquisition of movement skills lost through injury
  • Factors contributing to recovery of function:
    • Age
    • Experience
    • Pharmacology
    • training
rehabilitation
Rehabilitation
  • Diagnosis
  • Approaches of learning
  • Practice
  • Feedback