Landforms Definition: Any feature of Earth's surface having a distinct shape and origin. Landforms include major features (such as continents, ocean basins, plains, plateaus, and mountain ranges) Landforms include minor features (such as hills, valleys, slopes, and dunes). Collectively, the landforms of Earth constitute the entire surface configuration of the planet.
Landforms (on a separate sheet of paper write as many answers as you can to the following questions) • Where have you traveled? • What landforms did you see on your trip? • Where would you like to travel? • What landforms would you see if you went? • List all the landforms that you can think of.
Landforms Share your landforms with your group Add any landforms that you didn’t have Chart your list on the butcher paper
Landforms Assignment • Bring a list of 5 different geological features (landforms) that are not on the list • You may: use the internet, look through books, ask a parent, ask a sibling, call your aunt in Georgia, open a map, check out an Earth Science book, ask Mr. Reinhold
Bell Ringer • Get out your five Geological Features assignment from last night. • Get out your notes from yesterday • Get out a clean sheet of paper and complete the following: • With your group begin to brainstorm All the natural events that shape our earth.
Landforms are created by a variety of processes that change the surface of the Earth: • Constructive Processes build up (or create) landforms on the Earth's surface. • Destructive Processes break down landforms on the Earth's surface.
Directions – Classify the following Earth processes as constructive or destructive processes. Give a short justification for each choiceWord Bank: deposition, weathering, erosion, earthquakes, volcanoes, faults, compaction, cementation, crystallization, subduction, sea-floor spreading
Selection Process • Add your 5 geological features from homework to the list. • Review our our class list • Select 3 topics that you are interested in studying & hand it in on your notes from yesterday (boxed in) • Number these items 1-3. • (1 being your first choice, 3 being your third choice)
Essential Question • What events of the past and present have led up to the formation of current geological features?
5 Questions Think of 5 questions that you will need to answer in order to know: “What events of the past and present have led up to the formation of geological features? Your questions should help you answer the essential question.
Example When did the landform start to be formed? What formed the landform? How do rocks and minerals break down?
Make 3-D representation/model Design an advertising campaign Create a game board Create a detailed drawing Write an essay Make a slideshow Create a power-point Create a diagram or cross-sectional picture/model Record your learning in a graphic organizer Develop a commercial Write a play Create a report Organize information in a time-line Recreate a scene in 2-D or 3-D Create a poster (Glogster) Representations of Learning
The Task • You will create a tourist brochure containing at least 6 Landforms. • The brochure should be made from a sheet of paper turned to the landscape position and folded into three equal parts. • The brochure should contain a picture and name of the landform, a brief history of the landform, and a description of the constructive or destructive forces that created the landform. • Don't be surprised if you have to use your powers of logical deduction and inference to figure out what Earth processes created the landform. • You may want to review a few of the processes before you get started with your research.
The Process(A step-by-step process to help you succeed!) Read through all steps carefully before starting any of the task! STEP 1: • Review Constructive and Destructive Earth Processes. Think carefully about what you read and see. Later, you may have to infer which of the processes created a Georgia Landform. • Turn a sheet of notebook paper to the landscape position (3 holes on top). • Draw a line down the middle of the page. • Label the left column "Constructive Earth Processes". • Label the right column "Destructive Earth Processes". • Write a description of Constructive and Destructive Processes under the appropriate label. • List the different types of constructive processes with a definition that explains how each is constructive in the appropriate column . • List the different types of destructive processes with a definition that explains how each is destructive in the appropriate column. • Save this sheet and give it to your science teacher with the finished brochure. • Click on the links for places to find information: • Constructive Processes build up (or create) landforms on the Earth's surface. • Examples: Deposition, Faults, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Magma Upwelling, and more. • Destructive Processes break down landforms on the Earth's surface. • Examples: Weathering, Erosion, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Faults, and more.
STEP 2: • Create a 4-column chart on one or more sheets of notebook paper. You will want to turn the notebook paper to the landscape position (3 holes on top) before drawing the chart. You will use this to collect the information you find about landforms. Keep the 4-column chart and give it to your science teacher with the finished brochure. • First Column heading: "Name of Landform" • Second Column heading: "Brief History of Landform" • Third Column heading: "The processes that created the landform" • Fourth Column heading: "URL of web site where information was found"
Conclusion You should now have a great idea of how some of Earth's processes created some of the landforms of the World. If you would like to read more, here are a few great places to look: • Geology for Kids • Earthquakes for Kids • Weathering Animations • Exploring Earth Visualizations