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IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus 22 nd November 2008. CA R. BUPATHY . 1. Objective. IAS 1 has been recently revised and reissued in 2007 - with the objective of

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

IAS 1

Presentation of Financial Statements

AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

CA R. BUPATHY

1

slide2

Objective

  • IAS 1 has been recently revised and reissued in 2007 - with the objective of
    • Basis for presentation of General Purpose Financial Statements (aim: comparability within and outside)
    • 140 paragraphs – 106 paragraphs of BC – four members dissenting (4/14)

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

2

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IAS 1

  • Two broad components
  • First of the two
    • Purpose of FS and how that purpose can be achieved
    • Fair presentation
    • GCA, Materiality, Aggregation, Selection and application of accounting policies, off-setting, comparatives, etc

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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IAS 1

  • Two broad components
  • Second of the two
    • Guidelines for the structure and content of FS What constitutes Financial Statements?

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Purpose of financial statements

  • Provide information about the financial position, performance & cash flows of an entity
  • Useful to a wide range of users in making economic decisions

Assumption as regards user - para 25 of frame work

“users are assumed to have a reasonable knowledge of business & economic activities & accounting & a willingness to study the information with reasonable diligence “

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Guideline for structure

  • Entities must present a complete set of FS
  • Complete Set comprises of following components
  • Statement of Financial Position (end of)
  • Statement of Comprehensive Income (for )
  • Statement of changes in equity (for )
  • Statement of Cash Flows (for )
  • Notes comprising a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information
  • In addition, a statement of financial position as at the beginning of earliest accounting period should also be presented when there is an accounting policy change or reclassification or restatement

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Equal prominence

All of (six) components of the financial statements must be presented with equal prominence

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Financial Statements

  • As it exists
  • Balance Sheet
  • Income Statement
  • Statement of changes in equity
    • Either all changes in equity
    • Or, changes in equity other than transactions with owners
  • Cash Flow, + Notes
  • Already revised 1-1-09
  • Balance Sheet
  • Income Statement
    • Single Statement
    • Two statements (i) separate income alone, and (ii) statement of comprehensive income beginning with Profit / loss + other comprehensive income
  • Statement of Changes in equity.
  • Cash Flow, + Notes

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Minimum content in BS

  • Minimum line items
  • Current & Non-current assets or liabilities
  • Sub-classification (e.g. debtors into trade/non-trade) to reflect entity specific circumstances and needs
  • Share capital related disclosures (Objectives, policies and processes for managing capital!)

Preferred approach

  • Current, non-current classification of assets and liabilities

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Current Assets

  • An asset shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:
    • It is expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the entity’s normal operating cycle
    • It is held primarily for the purpose of being traded
    • It is expected to be realized within 12 months after BS date
    • It is cash or cash equivalent (as defined in IAS 7) unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the BS date
  • All other assets shall be classified as non-current

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Current Liabilities

  • A liability shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:
    • It is expected to be settled in the entity’s normal operating cycle
    • It is held primarily for the purpose of being traded
    • It is due to be settled within 12 months after BS date
    • The entity does not have an unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liabilities for at least 12 after the BS date
  • All other liabilities shall be classified as non-current

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Current/non current or Liquidity?

  • Preferred approach – Current, non current approach
  • Except – more relevant reliable information
  • When exception applies, then present in the order of liquidity
  • In any case > < 12 months for each line item should be given as a part of disclosures -

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Two types of income statement

  • Nature of expense
  • Revenue
  • Other income
    • Inventory/WIP Changes
    • RM & Consumables
    • Employee benefit expenses
    • Depreciation and amortisation
    • Other expenses
    • Total expense
  • PBT
  • Function base
  • Revenue
  • Less cost of sales
  • GP
  • Other income
  • Distribution costs
  • Admn expenses
  • Other expenses
  • PBT

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Components of income statement

Function basis – or nature of expenses basis

  • Can be on the face of P&L
  • If function basis adopted – disclosure of additional information as regards nature of expenses, including depreciation & amortisation expense and employee benefits expense

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Statement of comprehensive income

Minimum line items

Revenue

Finance costs

Share of profit or loss of associates & JV accounted for using equity method

Tax expense

Post – tax gain or loss of discontinued operations

Profit or loss

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide16

Statement of comprehensive income

Each component of other comprehensive income classified by nature excluding share of other comprehensive income of associates & JV

Total comprehensive income

Profit or loss – segregated to show (i) attributable to non-controlling interests and (ii) owners of the parent

Total comprehensive income for the period segregated to show (i) attributable to non-controlling interests and (ii) owners of the parent

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide17

Other comprehensive income

  • Exchange differences on translation of foreign operations
  • Fair value changes in available for sale financial assets
  • Gains on property revaluation etc
  • Tax effect of above items
  • Reclassification adjustments

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide18

Statement of Changes in equity

Total comprehensive income showing separately – total amount attribute to owners of parent & to non controlling interests

For each component of equity, the effects of retrospective application or retrospective restatements recognised in accordance with IAS 8

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide19

Statement of Changes in equity

For each component of equity a reconciliation between the carrying amount at the beginning and end of the period, separately disclosing changes resulting from –

Profit or loss

Each item of other comprehensive income

Transaction with owners in their capacity as owners, showing separately contributions by and distribution to owners and changes in ownership interest in subsidiaries that do not result in a loss of control

Amount of dividends recognised as distribution to owners during the period, and the related amount per share

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide20

A word about Extraordinary items

An entity shall not present any items of income

or expense as extraordinary items in the

statement of comprehensive income or

separate income statement (if presented) or in

the notes

Also refer to para 112 (c)

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Optional items

  • A review of performance
  • Value added statement
  • Resources not recognized in financial position
  • The optional disclosures are outside the scope of IFRSs

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Content - Fair Presentation

  • Financial statements should present fairly the financial position, performance and cash flows of an entity.
  • How is this is different from True and Fair View presentation?
  • What would be the audit certification?

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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How is fair presentation achieved?

  • By selecting and applying appropriate accounting policies
  • By presenting information in a manner that is relevant, reliable, comparable and which is representationally faithful
  • By providing additional information, when compliance with IFRS alone is considered insufficient
    • Detailed guidance in IAS 8

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Accounting policies

Selection and application of inappropriate

accounting policies are not rectified either by

disclosure of the accounting policies used or by

notes or explanatory material

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide25

Statement of Compliance

  • Entities whose FS comply with IFRSs must make an explicit and unreserved statement of compliance with IFRSs
  • An entity shall not describe FS as complying with IFRSs unless the entity complies with all the requirements of IFRSs

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Departure from IFRS

  • Yes – but conditionally
    • Exceptionally rare circumstances
    • Only when relevant regulatory framework requires or otherwise does not prohibit
    • If an entity should conclude that compliance with a requirement in a Standard or Interpretation would be so misleading that it would conflict with objective of FS – then depart (but disclose)

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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When regulatory framework requires

The entity shall – to the maximum extent possible reduce the perceived misleading aspects of compliance by disclosing

Title, nature, etc. and the reason why the entity has concluded that complying with that requirement is so misleading that it conflicts with the objective of FS as laid down in Framework

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide28

Structure and Content - Notes to Accounts

  • Identification of FS (domicile, legal form, name, address Registered office, principal places of business, principal activities, stand-alone or CFS, reporting period/date, presentation currency, extent of rounding off,, name of parent and ultimate parent of the group)

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide29

Structure and Content - Notes to Accounts

  • Basis of preparation of financial statements
  • Significant Accounting policies that
    • (a) impact the measurement basis; and
    • (b) are relevant to an understanding of financial statements

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide30

Structure and Content - Notes to Accounts

  • Key sources of estimation uncertainty
  • Unrecognized proposed/declared equity dividend and cumulative preference dividend
  • Information required by the IFRS that is not presented on the face of the financial statements (+ other information that is relevant to understanding the FS)

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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slide31

Off setting

Assets and liabilities, and, income and expenses shall not be off-set unless required or permitted by a Standard or an Interpretation.

Consider a few situations Gains and losses on disposal of non-current assets

Provision and reimbursements recognised as assets

Foreign exchange gains or losses

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Comparatives

Comparatives should be presented for at least one Previous Period.

Comparative information shall also be presented for narrative and descriptive information where needed

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Comparatives

Where needed, comparative information should be reclassified, unless it is impracticable to do so.

If it is impracticable, then, reason for not reclassifying, had it been reclassified, what would have been the nature of adjustments?

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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Recap

Components 5 + 1

BS Current – Non-C, MM line items (set-off principle)

Income statement = +/- Other Comprehensive income

Changes in Owner Equity

Statement of Cash Flows

Notes – Identifying the Entity, the BS, Impact on Assumptions on P&L and in BS etc.

CA R. BUPATHY AGN WAA Region Meeting-Damascus

22nd November 2008

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