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Chapter 25 - The Urinary System. Gross Anatomy. Nephron Anatomy. Renal Tubules. Filtration. Urine. $100. $100. $100. $ 100. $100. $200. $200. $200. $200. $200. $300. $300. $300. $300. $300. $400. $400. $400. $400. $400. $500. $500. $500. $500. $500. FINAL ROUND.

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chapter 25 the urinary system

Chapter 25 - The Urinary System

Gross Anatomy

Nephron Anatomy

Renal Tubules

Filtration

Urine

$100

$100

$100

$100

$100

$200

$200

$200

$200

$200

$300

$300

$300

$300

$300

$400

$400

$400

$400

$400

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

FINAL ROUND

gross anatomy 100 question
Gross Anatomy:$100 Question
  • The tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder is the:
    • a. urethra.
    • b. ureter.
    • c. collecting duct.
    • d. renal vein.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 100 answer
Gross Anatomy:$100 Answer
  • The tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder is the:
    • a. urethra.
    • b. ureter.
    • c. collecting duct.
    • d. renal vein.

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 200 question
Gross Anatomy:$200 Question
  • The renal medulla is also called the:
    • a. renal papilla.
    • b. renal columns.
    • c. renal pyramids.
    • d. renal capsule.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 200 answer
Gross Anatomy:$200 Answer
  • The renal medulla is also called the:
    • a. renal papilla.
    • b. renal columns.
    • c. renal pyramids.
    • d. renal capsule.

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 300 question
Gross Anatomy:$300 Question
  • The space inside the kidney is the:
    • a. renal hilum.
    • b. retroperitoneal space.
    • c. renal pelvis.
    • d. renal sinus.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 300 answer
Gross Anatomy:$300 Answer
  • The space inside the kidney is the:
    • a. renal hilum.
    • b. retroperitoneal space.
    • c. renal pelvis.
    • d. renal sinus.

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 400 question
Gross Anatomy:$400 Question
  • Which of the following empties urine directly into the renal pelvis?
    • a. Ureter
    • b. Renal papilla
    • c. Major calyx
    • d. Minor calyx

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 400 answer
Gross Anatomy:$400 Answer
  • Which of the following empties urine directly into the renal pelvis?
    • a. Ureter
    • b. Renal papilla
    • c. Major calyx
    • d. Minor calyx

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 500 question
Gross Anatomy:$500 Question
  • Which of the following vessels would be found in the renal columns?
    • a. Segmental artery
    • b. Cortical radiate artery
    • c. Interlobar artery
    • d. Arcuate artery

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

gross anatomy 500 answer
Gross Anatomy:$500 Answer
  • Which of the following vessels would be found in the renal columns?
    • a. Segmental artery
    • b. Cortical radiate artery
    • c. Interlobar artery
    • d. Arcuate artery

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 100 question
Nephron Anatomy:$100 Question
  • Nephrons are found mostly in the:
    • a. renal medulla.
    • b. renal cortex.
    • c. renal capsule.
    • d. renal sinus.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 100 answer
Nephron Anatomy:$100 Answer
  • Nephrons are found mostly in the:
    • a. renal medulla.
    • b. renal cortex.
    • c. renal capsule.
    • d. renal sinus.

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 200 question
Nephron Anatomy:$200 Question
  • The renal corpuscle consists of a:
    • a. renal tubule.
    • b. glomerulus.
    • c. glomerular capsule.
    • d. both b and c .

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 200 answer
Nephron Anatomy:$200 Answer
  • The renal corpuscle consists of a:
    • a. renal tubule.
    • b. glomerulus.
    • c. glomerular capsule.
    • d. both b and c.

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 300 question
Nephron Anatomy:$300 Question
  • Which of the following structures is not part of the nephron?
    • a. Distal convoluted tubule
    • b. Glomerulus
    • c. Loop of Henle
    • d. Collecting duct

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 300 answer
Nephron Anatomy:$300 Answer
  • Which of the following structures is not part of the nephron?
    • a. Distal convoluted tubule
    • b. Glomerulus
    • c. Loop of Henle
    • d. Collecting duct

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 400 question
Nephron Anatomy:$400 Question
  • Podocytes are part of the:
    • a. filtration slits.
    • b. juxtaglomerular apparatus.
    • c. glomerular capsule.
    • d. proximal convoluted tubule.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 400 answer
Nephron Anatomy:$400 Answer
  • Podocytes are part of the:
    • a. filtration slits.
    • b. juxtaglomerular apparatus.
    • c. glomerular capsule.
    • d. proximal convoluted tubule.

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 500 question
Nephron Anatomy:$500 Question
  • The visceral layer of the glomerular capsule is part of the:
    • a. juxtaglomerular apparatus.
    • b. loop of Henle.
    • c. filtration membrane.
    • d. renal tubule.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

nephron anatomy 500 answer
Nephron Anatomy:$500 Answer
  • The visceral layer of the glomerular capsule is part of the:
    • a. juxtaglomerular apparatus.
    • b. loop of Henle.
    • c. filtration membrane.
    • d. renal tubule.

BACK TO GAME

filtration 100 question
Filtration:$100 Question
  • Which of the following conditions would increase the glomerular filtration rate?
    • a. An increase in colloid osmotic pressure
    • b. An increase in glomerular hydrostatic pressure
    • c. An increase in capsular hydrostatic pressure
    • d. All of the above would increase the GFR.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

filtration 100 answer
Filtration:$100 Answer
  • Which of the following conditions would increase the glomerular filtration rate?
    • a. An increase in colloid osmotic pressure
    • b. An increase in glomerular hydrostatic pressure
    • c. An increase in capsular hydrostatic pressure
    • d. All of the above would increase the GFR.

BACK TO GAME

filtration 200 question
Filtration:$200 Question
  • Which of the following substances would not be found in normal filtrate?
    • a. Albumin
    • b. Glucose
    • c. Potassium
    • d. Urea

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

filtration 200 answer
Filtration:$200 Answer
  • Which of the following substances would not be found in normal filtrate?
    • a. Albumin
    • b. Glucose
    • c. Potassium
    • d. Urea

BACK TO GAME

filtration 300 question
Filtration:$300 Question
  • Which of the following would be a result of an increase in systemic blood pressure?
    • a. Afferent arterioles constrict
    • b. Efferent arterioles constrict
    • c. Afferent arterioles dilate
    • d. Peritubular capillaries dilate

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

filtration 300 answer
Filtration:$300 Answer
  • Which of the following would be a result of an increase in systemic blood pressure?
    • a. Afferent arterioles constrict
    • b. Efferent arterioles constrict
    • c. Afferent arterioles dilate
    • d. Peritubular capillaries dilate

BACK TO GAME

filtration 400 question
Filtration:$400 Question
  • What is the NFP if GHP is 60 mm Hg, COP is 35 mm Hg, and CHP is 25 mm Hg?
    • a. 0 mm Hg
    • b. 50 mm Hg
    • c. 70 mm Hg
    • d. 120 mm Hg

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

filtration 400 answer
Filtration:$400 Answer
  • What is the NFP if GHP is 60 mm Hg, COP is 35 mm Hg, and CHP is 25 mm Hg?
    • a. 0 mm Hg
    • b. 50 mm Hg
    • c. 70 mm Hg
    • d. 120 mm Hg

BACK TO GAME

filtration 500 question
Filtration:$500 Question
  • Which of the following will reduce the glomerular filtration rate?
    • a. Angiotensin II
    • b. Increased GHP
    • c. ADH
    • d. Aldosterone

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

filtration 500 answer
Filtration:$500 Answer
  • Which of the following will reduce the glomerular filtration rate?
    • a. Angiotensin II
    • b. Increased GHP
    • c. ADH
    • d. Aldosterone

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 100 question
Renal Tubules:$100 Question
  • Most of the nutrients in the filtrate are reabsorbed in the:
    • a. proximal convoluted tubule.
    • b. distal convoluted tubule.
    • c. loop of Henle.
    • d. glomerular capsule.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 100 answer
Renal Tubules:$100 Answer
  • Most of the nutrients in the filtrate are reabsorbed in the:
    • a. proximal convoluted tubule.
    • b. distal convoluted tubule.
    • c. loop of Henle.
    • d. glomerular capsule.

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 200 question
Renal Tubules:$200 Question
  • In the distal convoluted tubule, a _____ is secreted for every sodium ion that is reabsorbed.
    • a. chloride ion
    • b. bicarbonate ion
    • c. potassium ion
    • d. calcium ion

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 200 answer
Renal Tubules:$200 Answer
  • In the distal convoluted tubule, a _____ is secreted for every sodium ion that is reabsorbed.
    • a. chloride ion
    • b. bicarbonate ion
    • c. potassium ion
    • d. calcium ion

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 300 question
Renal Tubules:$300 Question
  • When glucose spills over into the urine it has:
    • a. been secreted.
    • b. been filtered and secreted.
    • c. exceeded its transport maximum.
    • d. been completely cleared from the blood.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 300 answer
Renal Tubules:$300 Answer
  • When glucose spills over into the urine it has:
    • a. been secreted.
    • b. been filtered and secreted.
    • c. exceeded its transport maximum.
    • d. been completely cleared from the blood.

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 400 question
Renal Tubules:$400 Question
  • If your urine contains fewer potassium ions than your filtrate, then the potassium has been:
    • a. filtered and secreted.
    • b. filtered and reabsorbed.
    • c. filtered only.
    • d. secreted only.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 400 answer
Renal Tubules:$400 Answer
  • If your urine contains fewer potassium ions than your filtrate, then the potassium has been:
    • a. filtered and secreted.
    • b. filtered and reabsorbed.
    • c. filtered only.
    • d. secreted only.

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 500 question
Renal Tubules:$500 Question
  • Which of the following is actively transported out of the loop of Henle?
    • a. Chloride ions
    • b. Potassium ions
    • c. Sodium ions
    • d. Urea

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

renal tubules 500 answer
Renal Tubules:$500 Answer
  • Which of the following is actively transported out of the loop of Henle?
    • a. Chloride ions
    • b. Potassium ions
    • c. Sodium ion
    • d. Urea

BACK TO GAME

urine 100 question
Urine:$100 Question
  • Which of the following would be an abnormal constituent of urine?
    • a. Sodium
    • b. Potassium
    • c. Albumin
    • d. Urea

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

urine 100 answer
Urine:$100 Answer
  • Which of the following would be an abnormal constituent of urine?
    • a. Sodium
    • b. Potassium
    • c. Albumin
    • d. Urea

BACK TO GAME

urine 200 question
Urine:$200 Question
  • The collecting ducts are _____ to water when the hormone _____ is present.
    • a. permeable; ADH
    • b. permeable; aldosterone
    • c. impermeable; ADH
    • d. impermeable; aldosterone

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

urine 200 answer
Urine:$200 Answer
  • The collecting ducts are _____ to water when the hormone _____ is present.
    • a. permeable; ADH
    • b. permeable; aldosterone
    • c. impermeable; ADH
    • d. impermeable; aldosterone

BACK TO GAME

urine 300 question
Urine:$300 Question
  • Which of the following would be an abnormal pH for urine?
    • a. 5.0
    • b. 6.0
    • c. 8.0
    • d. 11.0

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

urine 300 answer
Urine:$300 Answer
  • Which of the following would be an abnormal pH for urine?
    • a. 5.0
    • b. 6.0
    • c. 8.0
    • d. 11.0

BACK TO GAME

urine 400 question
Urine:$400 Question
  • The portion of the nephron that maintains the hypertonicity of the renal medulla is the:
    • a. proximal convoluted tubule.
    • b. glomerulus.
    • c. loop of Henle.
    • d. distal convoluted tubule.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

urine 400 answer
Urine:$400 Answer
  • The portion of the nephron that maintains the hypertonicity of the renal medulla is the:
    • a. proximal convoluted tubule.
    • b. glomerulus.
    • c. loop of Henle.
    • d. distal convoluted tubule.

BACK TO GAME

urine 500 question
Urine:$500 Question
  • When urine enters the collecting duct it is ______ to the blood.
    • a. hypotonic
    • b. hypertonic
    • c. isotonic
    • d. isosmotic

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

urine 500 answer
Urine:$500 Answer
  • When urine enters the collecting duct it is ______ to the blood.
    • a. hypotonic
    • b. hypertonic
    • c. isotonic
    • d. isosmotic

BACK TO GAME

final round question
FINAL ROUND Question
  • Which part of the nephron employs a countercurrent mechanism?
    • a. Glomerulus
    • b. Loop of Henle
    • c. Distal convoluted tubule
    • d. Juxtaglomerular apparatus

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

final round answer
FINAL ROUND Answer
  • Which part of the nephron employs a countercurrent mechanism?
    • a. Glomerulus
    • b. Loop of Henle
    • c. Distal convoluted tubule
    • d. Juxtaglomerular apparatus

BACK TO GAME