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THE BIRTH OF COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY By Paola Ramirez Per. 1
What Is Color Photography? • Color photography is photography that uses media capable of representing colors, which are traditionally produced chemically during the photographic processing phase. By contrast, black-and-white (monochrome) photography records only a single channel of luminance (brightness) and uses media capable only of showing shades of gray.
Life In Black, White, And Sepia • Before 1840 when the first results of color photography were made, photos were mainly in black and white, then sepia later on. • These types of photos were MONOCHROME , or in one color.
The Early Experiments • In the 1840’s, the attempts to create photography in color. • The "Hillotype" process, which was a direct color process, was invented by American Daguerreotypist Levi Hill around 1850. • This was not exactly successful but it helped pave the way to success.
More Attempts • In 1861, James Clerk Maxwell made a colored ribbon by the three color additive process. (red, yellow, cyan/blue) • The first color photograph made according to Maxwell's prescription, a set of three monochrome "color separations", was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861
After The Struggle… • In 1935, American Kodak introduced the first modern "integral tripack" color film named Kodachrome • In 1936, the German Agfa followed with their version of the integral tripack film, named Agfacolor Neu • In 1964, Instant color film was introduced by Polaroid. Exposures were now faster • around 1995-2005, color film was sold in markets by inexpensive multi-megapixel digital cameras