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Jacobins. Party of the Revolution Originally a club for the French elite Initially moderate reformers, became violent to anyone who opposed them Formed Committee of Public Safety Enforced conservative views by using the guillotine. Jean Paul Marat.

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jacobins
Jacobins
  • Party of the Revolution
  • Originally a club for the French elite
  • Initially moderate reformers, became violent to anyone who opposed them
  • Formed Committee of Public Safety
  • Enforced conservative views by using the guillotine
jean paul marat
Jean Paul Marat
  • Jacobin journalist who wrote in his paper, names of Girondists to be killed
  • Wanted any opponent of radicalism to be killed
  • Skin condition (from living in sewers) caused him to soak in tub most hours of the day
  • Murdered by Charlotte Corday
girondins
Girondins
  • Moderate Republicans who were educated, middle class
  • Wanted war with Austria
  • Became opponents of Robespierre
  • Faction dissolved after they were unable to prevent trial and execution of the king
  • Target of persecutions by Jacobins, specifically Mountain
sans culottes
Sans Culottes
  • Working class, refused to wear the ‘breeches’ of the wealthy thus, the name (which literally means ‘no pants’)
  • Anti-rich, therefore, anti-king
  • Radical republicans who wanted direct democracy
  • Considered savages by
bourgeoisie
Bourgeoisie
  • Wealthy, educated members of the 3rd estate (thus they paid all the taxes)
  • King had denied them nobility status (which would have exempted them from taxes)
  • Demanded a written constitution, and formed a national guard
  • Participated in revolution for themselves, not the masses
fueillant
Fueillant
  • Politically moderate branch of the Jacobins
  • Supported the King and wanted a Constitutional Monarchy
  • Included 264 ex-Jacobin members
mountain
Mountain
  • radical Jacobins
  •  Noted for their democratic outlook
  • Montagnards controlled the government during the climax of the Revolution in 1793–94
  • sat on the higher benches of the assembly
  • Against the King, imposed policy of terror
  • Ultimately led Robespierre to his downfall and execution
robespierre
Robespierre
  • Originally, wanted democracy and found for the poor
  • Helped write Dec of Rights of Man
  • Rose to power by killing his enemies
  • Led the Reign of Terror, killing 40,000 people in 15 months
  • Eventually executed
september massacres
September Massacres
  • King was married to the Austrian princess Marie Antionette
  • Prussian (Austrian) army was marching into France to restore Louis to the throne
  • Opponents of the Revolution had been thrown in jail
  • Jacobins did NOT want them released, so they broke into the jails and killed them all
  • 3 day wave of chaos and mob violence
  • Then moved on to killing Girondins and over 200 priests (they also supported king)
  • Also sent message to Prussians “don’t mess with us, we’re crazy”
charlotte corday
Charlotte Corday
  • Girondin who supported the King
  • Was distraught over the September Massacres and Reign of Terror
  • Saw Marat as the source of evil and discord in France
  • Felt he was responsible for the deaths of thousands
  • Believed killing Marat would end the Terror and preserve the Revolution
  • Stabbed him in his tub
  • She was tried, convicted and guillotined in 4 days
phrygian cap
Phrygian Cap
  • Represented freedom and patriotism
  • Radical Revolutionaries (jacobins) began wearing them after the Storming of the Bastille
tri colore
Tri-Colore
  • Revolutionary flag of France
  • Three colors represent
    • Liberty
    • Equality
    • Fraternity (brotherhood)
  • Used following the Storming of the Bastille