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Islamic Achievements. A. Cultural. 1. House of Wisdom (Baghdad) 2. Translation of ancient texts into Arabic 3. Arabic alphabet 4. Universities. B. Art & Architecture. 1. Architecture (Dome of the Rock) 2. Mosaics.

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a cultural
A. Cultural

1. House of Wisdom (Baghdad)

2. Translation of ancient texts into Arabic

3. Arabic alphabet

4. Universities

b art architecture
B. Art & Architecture
  • 1. Architecture (Dome of the Rock)
  • 2. Mosaics

Mosaics: http://www.thejoyofshards.co.uk/history/index.shtml 3/25/04

b art architecture1
B. Art & Architecture
  • 3. Calligraphy

The bird http://www.islamicity.com/Culture/Calligraphy/cp133.htm 3/25/04

b art architecture2
B. Art & Architecture
  • 4. Arabesques (geometric designs interwoven with plants, leaves, flowers, and
  • stars)
b art architecture3

5. Minarets, domes, etc

B. Art & Architecture

http://www.bergen.org/AAST/Projects/Engineering_Graphics/_EG2001/pedi_corporation/islam.html 3/25/04

c philosophy literature
C. Philosophy & Literature
  • 1. Qur’an
  • 2. Ibn Rushd – harmonize Aristotle’s and Plato’s views w/ Islam
  • 3. Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights)
d scientific
D. Scientific
  • 1. Arabic numerals, inc. 0 (adapted from India)
  • 2. Astronomy
  • 3. Algebra
  • 4. Medicine
  • 5. Expansion of Geographic knowledge (astrolabe, sextant, compass)

x² + 3x = 25

Astrolabe: http://www.hps.cam.ac.uk/starry/isaslabe.html 3/25/04

http://members.aol.com/bbyars1/algebra.html 3/25/04