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What is Windows 95?

What is Windows 95?

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What is Windows 95?

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  1. What is Windows 95? Windows 95 Foundation

  2. Extended Memory Upper Memory Expanded Memory Conventional Memory What’s Wrong with DOS? • Does not use the advanced features of modern CPUs • Based on the Intel 8088 Processor • Only used up to 640 KB of memory • Designed for diskettes, not large hard disks! • Cluttered user interface

  3. What’s Wrong with Windows 3.1x? • Not optimized for today's high powered systems • Non-intuitive for first time users • Poor networking support • Cluttered user interface

  4. Windows 95 Hardware Requirements • Intel 80386-based processor - minimum • Beware of 80386sx chips • 8MB RAM recommended minimum • Although 16 MB is recommended for decent performance For Windows 95 buy a BIG PC For serious work use a minimum of 8 MB of RAM - regardless of what Microsoft may tell you! Windows 3.1 would run OK in 4 MB of RAM

  5. Friendly Installation Wizard • Automatic hardware detection/configuration • Intuitive installation Windows 95 carefully examines your PC during the installation phase

  6. The Windows 95 Desktop • Highly Functional • Uncluttered • Easy to use

  7. The Start Button • Initially designed for the novice user • Provides a launch point into the system • Configurable to suit the user

  8. The Taskbar • Access to all concurrently running applications • System information and control Concurrently Running Applications The Start Button System Clock

  9. The Recycle Bin • Easy retrieval of deleted data • Salvageable files pruned when disk space is low

  10. My Computer • Object-based access to local resources

  11. Network Neighborhood • Easy to use network browsing tool • Windows NT • Novell NetWare

  12. What Does Windows 95 Give You? • A mixed 16/32 bit operating system • Greatly enhanced user interface • Backwards compatibility with DOS and Windows 3.1

  13. For Upgraders - Where is the Program Manager? • Programs managed within the Start Menu Similar categories to the original Program Manager

  14. For Upgraders -Where is the File Manager? • If you have used Windows 3.1 before: • You can still use the Windows 3.1 File Manager interface • Long file names not displayed • The File Manager program is stored as: • WINFILE.EXE • Replaced by the ‘My Computer’ utility

  15. For Upgraders - Where is the MS-DOS Prompt? • MS-DOS is available as a Windows 95 utility

  16. For Upgraders - Where is the Control Panel? • The Control Panel allows you to configure and customize your Windows 95 system

  17. For Upgraders - Where is the Print Manager? • All printing controls now in one place

  18. Review Questions

  19. Window Components and Selection Techniques Windows 95 Foundation

  20. The Title Bar Title Bar • Provides added information • May be used to maximize or restore window size

  21. The Scroll Bars • Allows for movement of text and graphics within a window Scroll Bars

  22. Maximize, Minimize, Restore, and Close Buttons • Use the Maximize, Minimize, and Restore buttons to size your applications Minimize Close Minimized programs displayed here Maximize The Restore button is only visible when the window has been maximized

  23. Borders • Borders can be used for: • Obtaining an exact window size • Horizontal control • Vertical control • Corner re-sizing Click and drag the vertical border to make the window narrower or wider Click and drag the horizontal border to make the window taller or shorter Click and drag the corner of the window to re-size a window in two dimensions simultaneously

  24. The Control Menu Icon • All windows have a Control (or System) menu • Click to display the Control (or System) drop down menu Control Menu

  25. Dialog Boxes • Dialog boxes assist in the selection of actions To close a dialog box, press the Esc key

  26. Text Boxes • Allow you to enter text in dialog boxes • Click in the text box and type in the text required Note: Some text boxes have a down arrow on the right-hand side which, when clicked, will reveal a drop down list of available options

  27. List Boxes • Pick list • Linked list boxes

  28. Drop Down List Boxes • Drop down list of options from which an item may be selected Clicking here displays a drop down list

  29. Check Boxes and Radio Buttons • Check boxes allow selection of one or more item • Radio buttons allow a single selection from a range of options • These options are mutually exclusive Radio Buttons Check Boxes

  30. Command Buttons • Command symbols are indicated on the button • Provide a shortcut to advanced features • Increasingly if you move the mouse pointer to a command button, then a bubble will be displayed indicating the function of the button • This feature is not always present

  31. Tabs • Some dialog boxes have multiple sections and categories • Categories are separated by tabs • Click on each tab to choose available options Tabs

  32. Mouse Selection Techniques • Mouse Clicks - Position the cursor • Mouse Clicks - Select a word in WordPad or activate an icon • Mouse Clicks - Select an entire paragraph in WordPad REMEMBER THE WINDOWS TECHNIQUE Select ThenManipulate!

  33. Keyboard Selection Techniques • Accelerated application interaction Keyboard Shortcuts

  34. Drag and Drop Techniques • Allows logical moving and copying of objects An icon can be copied, by dragging and dropping (while the Ctrl key is depressed)

  35. The ‘Other’ Mouse Button • Click the right-hand mouse button to display a pop-up menu pertaining to the object you click on Clicking with the right-hand mouse button on the Desktop background displays this menu

  36. What are Property Sheets? • Allows for customization of Desktop elements Click with the right-hand mouse button

  37. Review Questions

  38. Starting to Use Windows 95 Windows 95 Foundation

  39. What is the Start Button? • The initial launch point for Windows 95 • Requires only a single mouse click to be activated and display the Start menu

  40. The Start Menu • Allows easy access to the components that make up Windows 95, and also to your application programs • Easily configurable to suit the way YOU wish to work • Items many be added or removed TIP: Keyboard shortcut to display the Start Menu Ctrl+Esc

  41. The Start Button - Programs • Windows 3.1 ‘Program Manager’ type categories

  42. The Start Button - Documents • Last 15 local documents are stored here for easy retrieval IMPORTANT: Only documents created directly from the Windows 95 Desktop are stored here!

  43. The Start Button - Settings • Access to configuration utilities • Control Panel • Printer • Taskbar

  44. The Start Button - Find • Searches all system resources • Find: The Microsoft Network • Find: All Files • Find: Computer

  45. The Start Button - Help Topics • Access to Help • Contents • Index • Find

  46. The Start Button - Run • Run or browse for executable files

  47. The Start Button - Shut Down • Cleanly shuts down the system · Shut down the computer? · Restart the computer? · Restart the computer in MS-DOS mode? · Close all programs and logon as a different user?

  48. The Startup Folder • Use the Windows Explorer to drag any programs to the Startup folder and they will start automatically when Windows 95 is started Drag to this location

  49. What is the Taskbar? • Displays running applications • Click with the right-hand mouse button to: • Customize Taskbar options • Customize Start Menu programs Double click to run these programs Double click to show the Date/Time Properties dialog box

  50. Controlling Applications From the Taskbar • Running applications are displayed within the Taskbar • Right clicking on these applications, as displayed in the Taskbar, will display a pop-up menu which allows you to control that program • Running TASKMAN displays a Windows 3.1 style Task List • Not displayed by default • Menu driven