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What is Windows 95?. Windows 95 Foundation. Extended Memory. Upper Memory. Expanded Memory. Conventional Memory. What’s Wrong with DOS?. Does not use the advanced features of modern CPUs Based on the Intel 8088 Processor Only used up to 640 KB of memory

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What is windows 95

What is Windows 95?

Windows 95 Foundation

What s wrong with dos









What’s Wrong with DOS?

  • Does not use the advanced features of modern CPUs

    • Based on the Intel 8088 Processor

    • Only used up to 640 KB of memory

    • Designed for diskettes, not large hard disks!

    • Cluttered user interface

What s wrong with windows 3 1x
What’s Wrong with Windows 3.1x?

  • Not optimized for today's high powered systems

  • Non-intuitive for first time users

  • Poor networking support

  • Cluttered user interface

Windows 95 hardware requirements
Windows 95 Hardware Requirements

  • Intel 80386-based processor - minimum

    • Beware of 80386sx chips

  • 8MB RAM recommended minimum

    • Although 16 MB is recommended for decent performance

For Windows 95 buy a BIG PC

For serious work use a minimum of 8 MB of RAM - regardless of what Microsoft may tell you!

Windows 3.1 would run OK in 4 MB of RAM

Friendly installation wizard
Friendly Installation Wizard

  • Automatic hardware detection/configuration

  • Intuitive installation

Windows 95 carefully examines your PC during the installation phase

The windows 95 desktop
The Windows 95 Desktop

  • Highly Functional

  • Uncluttered

  • Easy to use

The start button
The Start Button

  • Initially designed for the novice user

  • Provides a launch point into the system

  • Configurable to suit the user

The taskbar
The Taskbar

  • Access to all concurrently running applications

  • System information and control

Concurrently Running Applications

The Start Button

System Clock

The recycle bin
The Recycle Bin

  • Easy retrieval of deleted data

  • Salvageable files pruned when disk space is low

My computer
My Computer

  • Object-based access to local resources

Network neighborhood
Network Neighborhood

  • Easy to use network browsing tool

  • Windows NT

  • Novell NetWare

What does windows 95 give you
What Does Windows 95 Give You?

  • A mixed 16/32 bit operating system

  • Greatly enhanced user interface

  • Backwards compatibility with DOS and Windows 3.1

For upgraders where is the program manager
For Upgraders - Where is the Program Manager?

  • Programs managed within the Start Menu

Similar categories to the original Program Manager

For upgraders where is the file manager
For Upgraders -Where is the File Manager?

  • If you have used Windows 3.1 before:

    • You can still use the Windows 3.1 File Manager interface

  • Long file names not displayed

  • The File Manager program is stored as:


  • Replaced by the ‘My Computer’ utility

For upgraders where is the ms dos prompt
For Upgraders - Where is the MS-DOS Prompt?

  • MS-DOS is available as a Windows 95 utility

For upgraders where is the control panel
For Upgraders - Where is the Control Panel?

  • The Control Panel allows you to configure and customize your Windows 95 system

For upgraders where is the print manager
For Upgraders - Where is the Print Manager?

  • All printing controls now in one place

Window components and selection techniques

Window Components and Selection Techniques

Windows 95 Foundation

The title bar
The Title Bar

Title Bar

  • Provides added information

  • May be used to maximize or restore window size

The scroll bars
The Scroll Bars

  • Allows for movement of text and graphics within a window

Scroll Bars

Maximize minimize restore and close buttons
Maximize, Minimize, Restore, and Close Buttons

  • Use the Maximize, Minimize, and Restore buttons to size your applications








The Restore button is only visible when the window has been maximized


  • Borders can be used for:

    • Obtaining an exact window size

    • Horizontal control

    • Vertical control

    • Corner re-sizing

Click and drag the vertical border to

make the window narrower or wider

Click and drag the horizontal border to

make the window taller or shorter

Click and drag the corner of the window to re-size a window in two dimensions simultaneously

The control menu icon
The Control Menu Icon

  • All windows have a Control (or System) menu

  • Click to display the Control (or System) drop down menu

Control Menu

Dialog boxes
Dialog Boxes

  • Dialog boxes assist in the selection of actions

To close a dialog box, press the Esc key

Text boxes
Text Boxes

  • Allow you to enter text in dialog boxes

    • Click in the text box and type in the text required

Note: Some text boxes have a down arrow on the right-hand side which, when clicked, will reveal a drop down list of available options

List boxes
List Boxes

  • Pick list

  • Linked list boxes

Drop down list boxes
Drop Down List Boxes

  • Drop down list of options from which an item may be selected

Clicking here displays a drop down list

Check boxes and radio buttons
Check Boxes and Radio Buttons

  • Check boxes allow selection of one or more item

  • Radio buttons allow a single selection from a range of options

    • These options are mutually exclusive

Radio Buttons

Check Boxes

Command buttons
Command Buttons

  • Command symbols are indicated on the button

  • Provide a shortcut to advanced features

  • Increasingly if you move the mouse pointer to a command button, then a bubble will be displayed indicating the function of the button

    • This feature is not always present


  • Some dialog boxes have multiple sections and categories

  • Categories are separated by tabs

  • Click on each tab to choose available options


Mouse selection techniques
Mouse Selection Techniques

  • Mouse Clicks - Position the cursor

  • Mouse Clicks - Select a word in WordPad or activate an icon

  • Mouse Clicks - Select an entire paragraph in WordPad


Select ThenManipulate!

Keyboard selection techniques
Keyboard Selection Techniques

  • Accelerated application interaction

Keyboard Shortcuts

Drag and drop techniques
Drag and Drop Techniques

  • Allows logical moving and copying of objects

An icon can be copied, by dragging and dropping (while the Ctrl key is depressed)

The other mouse button
The ‘Other’ Mouse Button

  • Click the right-hand mouse button to display a pop-up menu pertaining to the object you click on

Clicking with the right-hand mouse button on the Desktop background displays this menu

What are property sheets
What are Property Sheets?

  • Allows for customization of Desktop elements

Click with the right-hand mouse button

Starting to use windows 95

Starting to Use Windows 95

Windows 95 Foundation

What is the start button
What is the Start Button?

  • The initial launch point for Windows 95

  • Requires only a single mouse click to be activated and display the Start menu

The start menu
The Start Menu

  • Allows easy access to the components that make up Windows 95, and also to your application programs

  • Easily configurable to suit the way YOU wish to work

    • Items many be added or removed

TIP: Keyboard shortcut to display the Start Menu


The start button programs
The Start Button - Programs

  • Windows 3.1 ‘Program Manager’ type categories

The start button documents
The Start Button - Documents

  • Last 15 local documents are stored here for easy retrieval


Only documents created directly from the Windows 95 Desktop are stored here!

The start button settings
The Start Button - Settings

  • Access to configuration utilities

    • Control Panel

    • Printer

    • Taskbar

The start button find
The Start Button - Find

  • Searches all system resources

    • Find: The Microsoft Network

    • Find: All Files

    • Find: Computer

The start button help topics
The Start Button - Help Topics

  • Access to Help

    • Contents

    • Index

    • Find

The start button run
The Start Button - Run

  • Run or browse for executable files

The start button shut down
The Start Button - Shut Down

  • Cleanly shuts down the system

    · Shut down the computer?

    · Restart the computer?

    · Restart the computer in MS-DOS mode?

    · Close all programs and logon as a different user?

The startup folder
The Startup Folder

  • Use the Windows Explorer to drag any programs to the Startup folder and they will start automatically when Windows 95 is started

Drag to this location

What is the taskbar
What is the Taskbar?

  • Displays running applications

  • Click with the right-hand mouse button to:

    • Customize Taskbar options

    • Customize Start Menu programs

Double click to run these programs

Double click to show the Date/Time Properties dialog box

Controlling applications from the taskbar
Controlling Applications From the Taskbar

  • Running applications are displayed within the Taskbar

  • Right clicking on these applications, as displayed in the Taskbar, will display a pop-up menu which allows you to control that program

  • Running TASKMAN displays a Windows 3.1 style Task List

    • Not displayed by default

    • Menu driven

Moving and customizing the taskbar
Moving and Customizing the Taskbar

  • By default, the Taskbar is displayed across the bottom of your screen. If you prefer you can display it across the top of the screen, or down either side of the screen

  • TIP: If you display the Taskbar vertically, it can display more running programs than if it is displayed horizontally across the bottom of your screen

Tiling and cascading windows using the taskbar
Tiling and Cascading Windows Using the Taskbar

  • Options include:

    • Cascade

    • Tile Horizontally

    • Tile Vertically

Arranging your desktop icons
Arranging Your Desktop Icons

  • You can easily customize the way icons are displayed on your Windows 95 desktop

  • Right-click on the Desktop to display a pop-up menu

  • Select the required icon arrangement

Adding programs to your start menu
Adding Programs to Your Start Menu

  • Drag icons from My Computer or the Explorer to the Start button


  • Invoke the Taskbar pop-up, select Properties and then follow the Wizard instructions

    • Allows you to control the Start folder in which the icon will be displayed

Creating a new file directly from the desktop
Creating a New File Directly From the Desktop

  • You can create an icon that allows you to create new documents directly from the Desktop

    • These documents will be listed in the Documents folder of the Start menu

Help within windows 95

Help Within Windows 95

Windows 95 Foundation

Help within the start menu
Help Within the Start Menu

  • Complete Help book list

  • Fully indexed Help

  • Searching for a word or phrase

Using the f1 key to get help
Using The F1 Key To Get Help

  • Pressing the F1 Key:

    • Invokes indexed help

    • Provides application specific help

Note: Although very rare, some applications do not have a Help feature

Help contents and index
Help - Contents and Index

  • Complete help book list

  • Fully indexed help

    · Introducing Windows

    · How To...

    · Tips and Tricks

    · Troubleshooting

The help toolbar
The Help Toolbar

  • Additional features

  • Annotate your own text

  • Copy to the Clipboard

  • Print

  • Help in the foreground

  • Alter the font size

  • Alter colors

Using index help
Using Index Help

  • Extensive alphabetical linked list

Linked list

What s this help
‘What's This?’ Help

  • Click on the ‘What’s This?’ Help icon to display short and informative Help on an item


  • Improved installation routines

Troubleshooting using help
Troubleshooting Using Help

  • You can use Help to troubleshoot problems within Windows 95

    • Displays advice which should solve many of the problems you encounter

  • Alternatively, ring your support department!

The windows 95 accessories

The Windows 95 Accessories

Windows 95 Foundation

What is wordpad
What is WordPad?

  • The Windows 95 version of WRITE (which was supplied with Windows 3.1)

By default WordPad acts like a cut down version of Word 6

Wordpad creating and saving a new document
WordPad - Creating and Saving a new Document

  • Three separate file formats

    • Word 6 Document

    • Rich Text Document

    • Text Only Document

NOTE: WordPad will not recognize Word 6 styles, headers or footers!

Wordpad editing an existing document
WordPad Editing an Existing Document

  • Word 6 files are the default file format

  • WARNING: Do NOT edit existing Word 6 files if the files contain styles, headers or footers

What is paint
What is Paint?

  • New features and tools

  • Support for 24 Bit True Color

Paint drawing tools
Paint - Drawing Tools

  • The Toolbox

    • Freeform select

    • Select

    • Eraser

    • Pick Color

    • Magnifier

Using text within paint
Using Text Within Paint

  • The text entry box allows

    • Exact placement of text

    • Word wrap

The calculator
The Calculator

  • Two modes

    • Standard and Scientific

    • Unlike the Windows 3.1 Calculator, this one works!

The clock
The Clock

  • Located in the Taskbar

Double click to open the Date/Time Properties dialog box, to allow modifications

Move the mouse to the clock and after a few moments the date is displayed

The explorer my computer and the recycle bin

The Explorer, My Computer and the Recycle Bin

Windows 95 Foundation

What are drives folders and files
What are Drives, Folders and Files?

  • You need to understand the terminology, such as:

    • Physical drives

    • Logical drive letters

    • Folders/directories

    • Files

The explorer vs my computer
The Explorer vs. My Computer

  • Similar function but displays files and folders in different ways

The explorer window
The Explorer Window

  • Windows 95 version of the Windows 3.1 File Manager

  • Many new features are available

  • Such as the display of long file names

Long file names
Long File Names

  • Long file names are displayed within the Explorer

  • File extensions are not displayed by default

    • But can be viewed if required

Folder selection techniques
Folder Selection Techniques

  • Levels can be expanded or contracted

On each click on the plus (+) symbol, a new sub-level is displayed

Switching drives
Switching Drives

  • The Explorer displays a hierarchical list of drives

  • Easy to switch from one drive to another

Logical drives

Folder creation
Folder Creation

  • Folders may be created within the Explorer directory tree or directly on the Desktop

Moving or copying files and folders
Moving or Copying Files and Folders

  • Moving or copying files with the Windows 95 Explorer is very simple, in fact it is so simple that you should exercise a certain amount of caution when using it or you may unwittingly end up with a result you did not expect!

  • Files and folders can easily be moved or copied using:

    • Drop down menus

    • Pop-up menus

    • Drag and drop

Renaming files or folders
Renaming Files or Folders

  • Files and folders can easily be renamed using:

    • Drop down menus

    • Pop-up menus

WARNING: Do not rename files ending in







Click on the File/Rename command

Deleting files or folders
Deleting Files or Folders

  • When you delete a file or folder, by default:

    • You are prompted for confirmation

    • The deleted items are sent to the Recycle Bin


Click using the right-hand mouse button

Click on the File/Delete command

The recycle bin and deleted files
The Recycle Bin and Deleted Files

  • Normally files deleted via the Windows Explorer are in fact moved to the Recycle Bin

  • Recently ‘deleted’ files may be retrieved from the Recycle Bin

Customizing the explorer file display
Customizing the Explorer File Display

  • File and folder display

  • View configuration

Sorting files within the explorer
Sorting Files Within the Explorer

  • Select Details from the View drop down menu

    • Click on a column heading to sort it in ascending order

    • Re-click to sort it in descending order

File searches
File Searches

  • Searching system resources

File association techniques
File Association Techniques

  • Allows automatic application execution when you try to ‘run’ a data file

Adding icons to the desktop
Adding Icons to the Desktop

  • You can use ‘drag and drop’ techniques with the Explorer to create shortcuts on your Desktop

Or you can use the Copy command to copy objects directly to your Desktop



Windows 95 Foundation

What is a printer driver
What is a Printer Driver?

  • The link between a particular printer and the applications running on your Windows 95-based PC

    • Different printers work in different ways and hence need their own particular printer drivers installed

Application programs

Windows 95

Particular printer driver

Local or networked printer

Installing a printer driver
Installing a Printer Driver

  • The Printer Installation Wizard

Setting up a printer
Setting up a Printer

  • Configuration tab options

Default and installed printers
Default and Installed Printers

  • Add Printer Wizard

  • Default printer

Controlling print queues
Controlling Print Queues

  • Control queued documents

Document Name Status Owner Progress of the job

Time the jobs were started

This common dialog box probably indicates that your printer is off-line!

Fonts and windows 95
Fonts and Windows 95

  • Printer typefaces - Fonts

  • Downloadable or Firmware

Viewing installed fonts
Viewing Installed Fonts

  • You can easily view a sample of each font installed on your computer

Installing new fonts
Installing New Fonts

  • New fonts are installed from the fonts folder

  • Drag and Drop

Removing fonts
Removing Fonts

  • Fonts that you do not require may be easily removed

The clipboard drag and drop and ole

The Clipboard, ‘Drag and Drop’ and OLE

Windows 95 Foundation

Basic clipboard concepts
Basic Clipboard Concepts

  • Used to copy or move information between applications

Cut or



The Windows Clipboard

What is ole
What is OLE?

  • OLE, Object Linking and Embedding allows data to be copied from one application to another. However, instead of a simple static link, OLE linking creates an active link from the source data to the data represented in a different application program

  • It is easy to manipulate, using either drag and drop techniques, or by using the Edit drop down menu

Original data in the source program

Copy of the original data in the target program

OLE link

If the original data is changed, that change is reflected in the target application

Linking vs embedding
Linking vs. Embedding

  • Linking Data

    • If the original data is modified then the data paste linked to another application will also be changed

  • Embedding Data

    • Changes to the original data will not affect data that is embedded in another program

    • To edit embedded data you must activate it, normally by double clicking on it

    • The required editing tools become available to you

Compound documents
Compound Documents

  • An entire file(s) may be embedded within a document

  • Use drag and drop techniques to drag almost any type of file into a compound document, including:

    • Text files

    • Sound clips

    • Word processor files

    • Spreadsheet files

    • Database files

    • EXE files


EXE file

MS Word file

TXT file

Excel file

Sound file

Lotus 123 file

NOTE: The program that creates the compound document must be OLE aware!

In place activation of embedded objects
In-place Activation of Embedded Objects

  • To edit an embedded object, double click on it

  • The required editing tools will appear

    • Note that if you are using older, OLE 1 compliant programs, then you may be taken to the source application in order to edit the program

  • When you have finished editing click outside the embedded object and the editing tools are removed

Double click to activate

Linking in action excel and word
Linking in Action - Excel and Word

  • Linking between applications - an example

    • Start Excel and create a spreadsheet, then display the spreadsheet data as a chart

    • Copy the chart data to the Clipboard

    • Switch to Word and use the Paste Special, Paste Link option

    • The chart from Excel is now linked to Word

Remember to SAVE the information in the source application, prior to setting up a paste link, or the operation may not work as expected!