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The books of scripture-history and prophecy are very much like one another, but this Song of Solomon’s is very much unlike the songs of his father David; here is not the name of God in it; it is never quoted in the New Testament; we find not in it any expressions of natural religion or pious devotion, no, nor is it introduced by vision, or any of the marks of immediate revelation. It seems as hard as any part of scripture to be made a savour of life unto life, nay, and to those who come to the reading of it with carnal minds and corrupt affections, it is in danger of being made a savour of death unto death; it is a flower out of which they extract poison; and therefore the Jewish doctors advised their young people not to read it till they were thirty years old, lest by the abuse of that which is most pure and sacred - the flames of lust should be kindled with fire from heaven, which is intended for the altar only.

~ Puritan Commentator Matthew Henry

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I give warning and advice to everyone who is not yet free of the vexations of flesh and blood and who has not withdrawn from the desire for corporeal nature that he completely abstain from reading this book and what is said about it. Indeed, they say that the Hebrews observe the rule that unless some one has attained a perfect and mature age, he is not even permitted to hold this book in his hands.

Origin (185-254)

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NOTES

  • It is part of what is called the 5 Books of poetry in your Old testament.
    • 1. The Book of Job—Finding God in our Suffering.
    • 2. The Psalms—Praise through Prayer.
    • 3. The Proverbs—Practicality through Precept.
    • 4. Ecclesiastes—Key to life in reverse order.
    • 5. Song of Solomon—Seeing our relationship with Christ.
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The PLACEMENT in the Bible.

  • The PATTERN in which it is written
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NOTES

  • Over 50% of the Old Testament was written in poetry form
    • Our KJV is written in what is know as prose. Prose is the most typical form of language, which literally translates as 'straight-forward.
    • Poetry is language spoken or written according to some pattern of recurrence that emphasizes relationships between words on the basis of sound as well as meaning. The English pattern is almost always a rhythm or metre (regular pattern of sound units)
    • However the Hebrew form of poetry is done in a what is know as parallelism, in which the words of two or more lines of text are directly related in some way. (Proverbs)
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NOTES

  • These style of writings were designed to be sung with emotion.
  • Songs and poetry was designed to be emotional.
    • Moses and the children of Israel after the Red sea.
    • Deborah and children of Israel in Judges
    • Hannah after the birth of Samuel
    • Book of Psalms (palming)
  • Modern day
    • Sound of Music, Greece, Westside story, High school musical
    • Love songs (Our song)
    • Weddings songs
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The PLACEMENT in the Bible.

  • The PATTERN in which it is written
  • The PENMAN of the book
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NOTES

  • The Title:
    • The Song of Songs which is Solomon’s (vs.1)
    • The Song of Solomon (KJV short hand)
    • Lord of Lords, King of Kings ,Vanity of Vanities
    • The best Song ever written
  • The Author:
    • The title alone makes obvious
    • He is mentioned 7 times in the book.
    • (1Ki 4:32) And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.
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The PLACEMENT in the Bible.

  • the PATTERN in which it is written
  • The PENMAN of the book
  • The PRESENT connection with modern Jewish ceremony
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"The Song of Solomon is the first of the five Megilloth, the five scrolls read by the Jews at various feasts: The Song of Solomon (8th day Passover), Ruth (Pentecost), Ecclesiastes (Tabernacle), Esther (Purim), and Lamentations (anniversary of the destruction of Jerusalem).

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Rabbi Akiba: "Perish the thought! No man of Israel ever disputed about the Song of Songs, that it did not defile the hands. The whole world is not worth the day on which the Song of Songs was given to Israel, for all the Scriptures are holy, but the Song of Songs is the Holy of Holies…
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Setting the CONTEXT of the Book

Viewing the CORRECT applications of the book

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NOTES

  • This is not a episode of an early soap opera or skit or even a play. This is the story of a real living couple and the way they meet
  • There is a real Shulamite girl, that married the King of Israel
  • Now Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines; therefore there is a lot of options
  • What we know is that her only identity is from the place of origin and that she is name less
  • Maybe the Virtuous Women in Proverbs
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The PROPER historical in application.

  • The PROPHETIC doctrinal application
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The PROPER historical in application.

  • The PROPHETIC doctrinal application
  • The PERSONAL devotional application
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NOTES

  • From a personal level this book would apply to your relationship with your earthly spouse.
  • Eph. 5
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Setting the CONTEXT of the Book

Viewing the CORRECT applications of the book

Understanding the literary CHARACTERISTICS of the book

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NOTES

  • Through the centuries we have lost our knowledge of the customs of the marriage ceremonies of the Kings in the east.
  • Till the 1800’s when the discovery of ancient records revealed the way a king’s wedding was practice
  • The wedding would last a total of 7 days and on the 4th day the King and his bride would act out a melodrama of there court ship. And it was never in Chronologic order.
  • But to the guest that know them it would make since, by piecing it together
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NOTES

  • When these Melodramas were written down , it would be a form of writing called “idylls”
  • These “idylls”arepoem, or more accurately several short poems combined into one. An idyll is a little picture. It is a short pictorial poem; a short descriptive or narrative poem. The Song of Solomon is not a consecutive story.
  • With this in mind these lyric idylls may with perfect decorum, pick on different parts of the story, passing from the later to the earlier, without restriction to the order of time.
  • The other confusion is that the bride groom and the bride are not the only people speaking or singing. There are those that sing choruses
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THE SONG OF SOLOMON:

A SUITE OF SEVEN IDYLLS

1. THE ROYAL WEDDING LIVED OVER AGAIN 1:1-2:7

2. THE BRIDE'S COURTSHIP REMINISCENCES 2:8-3:5

3. THE OCCASION OF THE BETROTHAL RECALLED 3:6-5:1

4. THE BRIDE'S TROUBLED DREAM RELATED 5:2-6:3

5. THE KING'S MEDITATION ON HIS BRIDE 6:4-7:9

6. THE BRIDE LONGS TO SEE HER OLD HOME 7:10-8:4

7. THE RENEWAL OF LOVE AT LEBANON 8:5-14

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Setting the CONTEXT of the Book

Viewing the CORRECT applications of the book

Understanding the literary CHARACTERISTICS of the book

Getting to know the main CHARACTERS of the book

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(Son 6:13) Return, return, O Shulamite; return, return, that we may look upon thee. What will ye see in the Shulamite? As it were the company of two armies.

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(1Ki 1:3) So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag a Shunammite, and brought her to the king.

(2Ki 4:12) And he said to Gehazi his servant, Call this Shunammite. And when he had called her, she stood before him.

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NOTES

  • She has a mother still living (3:4)
  • She has a little sister that has not reached puberty. (8:8)
  • She is from an aristocratic family (8:12)
  • She is drop dead gorgeous. (6:8)
  • She has committed a sin where she was punished (1:6)
  • Vineyard keepers and Shepherds were of the lowest degree of people
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The PRETTY bride

  • The POOR shepherd
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NOTES

  • Chapter 1:7
  • This shepherd is out looking for a new field in which to lead his sheep to graze and he comes and makes eye contact with the most gorgeous women he has ever seen and he breaks out in song (4:12-15)
  • This is the picture of Christ during his 1stcoming
  • (Joh10:27-28) My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
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The PRETTY bride

  • The POOR shepherd
  • The Powerful King
solomon
Solomon
  • (Son 3:6) Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?
  • (Son 3:7) Behold his bed, which is Solomon's; threescore valiant men are about it, of the valiant of Israel.
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NOTES

  • The 1st times she meets him he has left the throne of his father and went out to attend to the sheep
  • But the 2nd time he meets her, she is sees him as the king with his army coming to get her for the marriage.
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The PRETTY bride

  • The POOR shepherd
  • The Powerful King
  • The PRINCESSES of Jerusalem
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The Repetitive Chorus

(Son 2:7) I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.

(Son 3:5) I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.

(Son 8:4) I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, until he please.

the theme of the song of solomon
The Theme Of The Song Of Solomon
  • (Son 1:4) Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.
  • .