The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus One of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World By:Shane
The History of the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Many years ago king named Hecatomnus and his wife, Mylasa, ruled the land where the Mausoleum stood. They died, but they left their kingdom to their son, Mausolus. Mausolus, during his reign, extended the territory so it took up much of southwest Asia Minor. Mausolus ruled Halicarnassus with his wife for about 24 years. In 353 B.C., Mausolus died, so in his honor his wife built him the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. The tomb was on a hill overlooking the city below. The whole tomb sat in an enclosed courtyard. In the center laid the tomb itself. On the outer wall were statues of gods and goddesses. At each corner were warriors mounted on horses to guard it. It was constructed in 350 B.C. The monument was damaged in the early 15th century and eventually fell apart. There are still some pieces on the coast of Asia Minor.
Fast Facts • Some relics of the original mausoleum are preserved in the British Museum. • Some fragments can still be found on the coast of Asia Minor. • Guards are positioned on each corner of the mausoleum and mounted on horseback. • It was built in 353 B.C. • The tomb was built in memory of King Mausolus by his widow. • The tomb was destroyed by an earthquake before the fifteenth century.
Interesting Facts • King Mausolus said in dialogues of the dead, “I have lying over me in Halicarnassus, a gigantic monument such as no other dead person has, adorned in the finest way with statues of horses and men carved most realistically from the best quality marble.” • Knights of St. John of Malta invaded the region and built a massive Crusader castle. • Some of the original stones were put back together to make a second Mausoleum.
Description The Mausoluem at Halicarnassus is a white, marble tombon a hill. It was mostly rectangular. Statues were on all sides of the beautiful display. The sarcophagus, made of white alabaster, was brilliantly decorated in gold. It has a pyramid roof also decorated with statues. The main statue on the top of the tomb was a chariot pulled by four horses. Many of the statues were of people and animals. Four Greek sculptors made the statues. Each were responsible for one side of the Mausoleum.
Pictures Wait a minute. How do we get down there? If a wind comes by, shut your eyes. Wow! Full house today.
Pictures: Continued 3-D, Awesome! It wasn’t me!! Pretty good artist.
Some Great Sites For More Information www.unmuseum.com www.dogpile.com (Search Seven Wonders) http://ce.eng.usf.edu/pharos/wonders/ http://school.discovery.com/homeworkhelp/worldbook/atozhistory/s/503360.html http://www.cod.edu/people/faculty/lawrence/seven.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/23378/main.html
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus The Hanging Gardens of Babylon Pyramids of Giza Statue of Zues The Colossus of Rhodes Temple of Artemis Lighthouse of Alexandria
The End By: Shane ATR Grade 6