international humanitarian law n.
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International Humanitarian Law - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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International Humanitarian Law. Origins. Hammurabic Code (1772 BCE). Justinian Code (7 th Century CE). English Common Law. U.S. Bill of Rights 1791. Lieber Codes: Civil War. Memory of Solferino , Henry Dunant. Geneva Convention 1864.

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origins
Origins

Hammurabic Code (1772 BCE)

Justinian Code (7th Century CE)

English Common Law

U.S. Bill of Rights 1791

Lieber Codes: Civil War

Memory of Solferino, Henry Dunant

geneva convention 1864
Geneva Convention 1864
  • Ambulances, military hospitals, personnel recognized as neutral
  • Citizens assisting wounded are protected
  • Wounded/sick combatants collected and cared for
  • The symbol of a red cross on a white background (reverse of the Swiss flag) identifies neutral, medical personnel
adjustments amendments
Adjustments/Amendments
  • 1949: New rules governing the treatment of POWS
  • 1977: Prohibition of child recruitment in armed forces, protecting of cultural objects and places of worship
consequences of non compliance
Consequences of Non-Compliance
  • Economic and/or political sanctions (usually imposed by United Nations)
  • Nations that are party to the Geneva Conventions must pass domestic legislation providing penalties for violations
  • Serious violations (breach) is regarded as a war crime (ex. Torture, hostage taking, rape, etc.)
special trials tribunals
Special Trials/Tribunals
  • Nuremberg (1945-46) and Tokyo (1946-48)
  • UN War Tribunals: Former Yugoslavia & Rwanda
international criminal court
International Criminal Court
  • July 1, 2002
  • 60 nations