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UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration). An Overview – part II. Version :. 1.0. Date :. 0 2 Mar 2006. Pages. 20. Responsible Author :. Gabriele Zacco ([email protected]). Co-Authors :. Status :. Draft [ ] Proposal [ ] Released [ X ]. Confidentiality :.

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uddi universal description discovery and integration

UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration)

An Overview – part II

Version :

1.0

Date :

02Mar 2006

Pages

20

Responsible Author :

Gabriele Zacco ([email protected])

Co-Authors :

Status :

Draft [ ] Proposal [ ] Released [ X ]

Confidentiality :

Public [ ] Internal [ X ] Restricted [ ]

outline
Outline
  • Brief recap of last episode
  • UDDI Data structures
  • UDDI API
    • Querying
    • Publishing
  • Using WSDL and BPEL in a UDDI registry
uddi in a nutshell
UDDI in a Nutshell
  • UDDI is an open standard for publishing and discovering the software components of a service-oriented architecture
  • Cross-industry effort driven by major platform and software providers, marketplace operators and e-business leaders within the OASIS standard consortium
  • UDDI allows for a standard interoperable platform that enables companies and applications to quickly, easily and dynamically(at run-time) find and use Web services over the Internet
  • The UDDI protocol is another XML-based building block of the Web services stack along with SOAP (standard for invoking remote operations) and WSDL (standard for specifying what these operations look like)
uddi registry service
UDDI Registry Service
  • The UDDI specifications define a registry service for Web services
  • UDDI is a meta service for locating web services by enabling robust queries against rich metadata.
  • Service providers can use UDDI to advertise the services they offer
  • Service consumer can use UDDI to discover services that suites their requirements and to obtain the service metadata needed to consume those services.
uddi interaction
UDDI Interaction
  • Publisher and user are free to communicate directlyas soon as the former has published on a UDDI registry and the latter has performed his queries
  • Standards for communicating are important, also considering that we are not only talking about data retrieval but also function/methods calling (web services) and workflow executions (processes)
uddi registry types
UDDI Registry Types
  • UDDI allows operational registries to be maintained for different purposes in different contexts
  • A business may deploy one or more:
    • Private registries:
      • Isolated from the public network, firewalled
      • Restricted access
      • No shared data
    • Public registries:
      • Unrestricted open and public access
      • Data is shared with other registries
    • Affiliated registries
      • Controlled environment
      • Access limited to authorized clients
      • Data shared in a controlled manner
  • Private registry supports intranet applications, while a public registry support extranet applications
  • Affiliated registries supports all other infrastructural topologies e.g., involving delegation, distribution, replication, subscription, that reflects the realities and the relationship of the underlying business processes
uddi registry data model
UDDI Registry Data Model
  • The core information model of UDDI registries is made of several data structures:
    • businessEntity (info about the organization that published the service)
    • businessService (description of a service business function)
    • bindingTemplate (service’s technical details)
    • tModel (attributes or metadata about the service such as taxonomies, transports, digital signatures)
    • publisherAssertions (relationship among entities in the registry)
    • subscription (standing request to track changes to a list of entities)
  • Each data structure within a given registry is assigned a Universally Unique ID (or “key”, also called UUID)
  • UDDI allows users to specify different taxonomies for providing semantic structure to the information about Web services contained in a registry
uddi data structures
UDDI Data Structures
  • businessEntity:
    • White pages service:supply contacts, addresses, and other info that are useful to get in touch with publishers for preliminary negotiations and to get technical support
  • businessService:
    • Yellow pages service: enables companies to search for specific information about services published by other companies
  • bindingTemplate:
    • Supply detailed info when searching for a particular service
    • Contains a technical schema of the service
    • Important at run-time since it supplies the web address of the service
  • tModel:
    • Describes services and supply technical details for the implementation
    • Used for labelling taxonomies (each taxonomiy own a unique tModel that is a detailed descriptions of the data in a UDDI registry)
  • UUID:
    • All the entities within UDDI registries have a Universally Unique ID
remarks about data structures
Remarks about Data Structures
  • Structures overlapping: businessEntity and businessServices
  • You can search a company in the yellow pages (businessServices) as well; the difference is that you can search by category rather than name or other id
  • categoryBag is the trait-du-union: contains general categories referred to companies
  • Taxonomies are very important (UDDI supports different)
uddi api
UDDI API
  • Features that supports core data management:
    • Authorized publishing and deleting information about a service to a registry
    • Querying a UDDI registry for information about a service or a company; can be generic or specific
  • Features that supports registry interaction:
    • Replicating and transferring custody of data about a service from servers to servers within a UDDI registry network
    • Registration key generation and management
    • Registration subscription API set
    • Security and authorization
uddi querying api part i
UDDI Querying API – part I
  • SOAP requests (and answers) for retrieving services or activities
  • To be used as a first step during searches or when little info is required
  • Keys are returned identifying services or activities that can be used for further discovery
  • find_business
    • For searching an activity using several different criteria (name, category)
    • Returns abusinessList structure
  • find_binding
    • For searching a binding template associated to a service
    • Returns a bindingDetail structure
  • find_relatedBusiness
    • Uses the business key, returned by find_business, to find business related to it
  • find_service
    • For retrieving services published by an activity
    • Returns a serviceList structure
  • find_tModel
    • For searching tModel structures by name or other criteria
    • Returns a tModelList structure
uddi querying api part ii
UDDI Querying API – part II
  • These are other SOAP requests (and answers) that use the keys obtained from previous calls for retrieving detailed records about services or activities
  • Several keys can be used for each request
  • get_bindingDetail
    • Uses a bindingKey to return a bindingDetail structure
  • get_businessDetail, get_businessDetailExt
    • Uses a businessKey to return a businessDetail structure (with more or less attributes)
  • get_serviceDetail
    • Uses a serviceKey to return a serviceDetail structure
  • get_tModelDetail
    • Uses a tModelKey to return a tModelDetail structure
uddi publishing api 1 2
UDDI Publishing API (1/2)
  • Publishing on a UDDI registry, unlike querying, requires authorization
  • UDDI is in charge of verifying authorizations since SOAP can not
  • Logging is achieved through a get_authToken request that return a authToken to be used for subsequent interactions, until a discard_authToken is issued at the end of the interaction
  • Publishing means saving and deleting the four main UDDI objects (services, activities, bindings, tModels)
  • Save operations require one or more objects of the relevant kind (businessEntity, businessService, bindingTemplate, tModel)
  • Delete operations require one or more object key (businessKey, serviceKey, bindingKey, tModelKey)
  • Last, for establishing a relation between different businesses (find_relatedBusinesses), they both have to explicitly declare it
uddi publishing api 2 2
UDDI Publishing API (2/2)
  • get_authToken
  • discard_authToken
  • save_business
  • save_service
  • save_binding
  • save_tModel
  • delete_business
  • delete_service
  • delete_binding
  • delete_tModel
  • add_publisherAssertion, set_publisherAssertion
  • delete_publisherAssertion
businessentity

back to UDDI Data Structure

contact

back to

businessservice

back to UDDI Data Structures

bindingtemplate

back to UDDI Data Structures

categorybag

back to

categorybag1

back to

categorybag2

back to

tmodelinstancedetails

back to

tmodel

back to UDDI Data Structures

find business

back to UDDI Query API

find relatedbusiness

back to UDDI Query API

find tmodel

back to UDDI Query API

businesslist

back to UDDI Query API

find binding

back to UDDI Query API

bindingdetail

back to UDDI Query API

find service

back to UDDI Query API

servicelist

back to UDDI Query API

tmodellist

back to UDDI Query API

wsdl and uddi
WSDL and UDDI
  • UDDI provides a way of describing and discovering Web services and Web service providers
  • WSDL, that describes the abstract interfaces, protocol bindings and deployment details of network services, can be seen as a complement to the UDDI standard
  • Understanding the relationship between WSDL and UDDI and establishing a mapping between them allows to
    • Enable automatic registration of WSDL definitions in UDDI
    • Enable precise and flexible UDDI queries based on specific WSDL artifacts and metadata
      • Namespace and/or local name of a wsdl:portType  tModel that represents that portType
      • Namespace and/or local name of a wsdl:binding  tModel that represents that binding
      • tModel representing a portType  all tModels represeting bindings for that portType
      • tModel representing a portType  all binding templates that represent implementations of that portType
      • tModel representing a binding  all binding templates that represent implementations of that binding
      • Namespace and/or local name of a wsdl:Service  businessService that represents that Service
bpel and uddi
BPEL and UDDI
  • BPEL abstract processes complements WSDL by describing behavioral aspects of Web services
  • Therefore it may be of interest to exchange abstract processes between business partners
  • A BPEL/UDDI mapping can be established in order to:
    • Enable automatic registration of BPEL definitions in UDDI
    • Enable optimized and flexible UDDI queries on specific BPEL artifacts and metadata
      • Namespace and/or local name of a wsdl:process  tModel that represents that process
      • tModel representing a portType  all tModels representing processes based on that portType
      • tModel representing a process  all tModels represent portTypes that are used by the process
      • tModel representing a process  all bindingTemplates that implement a portType that in turn is part of the process
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