NUTRITION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

adrina
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
NUTRITION PowerPoint Presentation
play fullscreen
1 / 61
Download Presentation
NUTRITION
68 Views
Download Presentation

NUTRITION

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. NUTRITION

  2. What Is Nutrition? -The study of how your body uses the food that you eat.

  3. What is a Nutrient A nutrient is a chemical substance in food that helps maintain the body. Some provide energy. All help build cells and tissues, regulate bodily processes such as breathing. No single food supplies all the nutrients the body needs to function.

  4. The six Classifications of Nutrients • Vitamins • Minerals • Water • Protein • Carbohydrates Sugars Starches • Fats Cellulose

  5. Nutrients that have Calories: • Proteins • Carbohydrates • Fats

  6. Definition of a Calorie: • A unit of measure for energy in food

  7. Calories per gram: Protein 1 Gram = 4 calories Carbohydrates 1 Gram = 4 calories Fat 1 Gram = 9 calories

  8. Variables which affect nutrient needs: 1. Age 2. Gender 3. Activity Level 4. Climate 5. Health 6. State of nutrition

  9. Protein • Bodybuilding Nutrient • No new living tissue can be built without it • Bones, blood, cells, etc • They do all of the work in the body for the cells • Meat, eggs, dairy, beans, etc.

  10. Carbohydrates • Main energy source • Starches • Fiber • Sugars • Provides body with glucose which keeps cells healthy

  11. Carbohydrates • Starches - breads, potatoes, cereals, • Best source of glucose for energy • Fiber - plant form of carbohydrate. • Cannot be digested • Maintain health digestive tract • Sugars - also gets converted to glucose • Difference is empty calories

  12. Fats • Supply most of the fuel for the body • Insulates the body • Protects from bruises, strains, and breaks

  13. Fats • Saturated • Comes from animals sources • Solid at room temp • Butter, meats, creams • Linked to heart disease • Bacon, sausage, hamburgers, butter, cheese

  14. Fats • Unsaturated • Mainly from vegetable oil, olive oil, corn oil, and canola oil. • Liquid at room temp • Less likely to cause Heart Disease • Avocados, nuts, peanut butter, margarine, mayonnaise, etc

  15. Vitamins • Nutrition Packet will cover vitamins in greater detail. • Thiamine • Niacin • Folic acid • Retinol

  16. Minerals • Nutrition Packet covers minerals in great detail • Calcium • Iron • Potassium • Sodium

  17. Dietary Guidelines • Eat a Variety of Foods • Be Physically Active 3. Diet High in Fruits and Vegetables 4. Diet Low in Fats 5. Diet Moderate in Sugars and Salts 6. Drink Plenty of Fluids 7. Alcohol in Moderation

  18. Ten U.S. Dietary Guidelines: Aim for Fitness 1. Aim for a healthy weight

  19. 2. Be physically active each day