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Essential Question. What specific roles did education & religion play in the development of early American culture?. Colonial Life & Religious Revival. Chapter 5 Section 1 Pt I. Life of the Young. American farming families were large New England families often had 6-8 children

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essential question
Essential Question

What specific roles did education & religion play in the development of early American culture?

colonial life religious revival

Colonial Life & Religious Revival

Chapter 5 Section 1 Pt I

life of the young
Life of the Young
  • American farming families were large
    • New England families often had 6-8 children
    • More children meant more farmhands
      • By age 6, boys were put to work daily
    • By age 13, a boy may leave home to become an apprentice
      • Apprentices learned a trade from an experienced craftsman
        • An apprenticeship usually lasted 4-7 years
quiz question
Quiz Question
  • At age 13, many boys in the colonies left home to become ___________?
    • Merchants
    • Apprentices
    • Soldiers
    • Preachers
life of the young1
Life of the Young
  • Girls were rarely apprenticed
    • Girls were taught “household” skills by their mothers
    • Upper class girls were often sent to “dame schools” to learn:
      • Etiquette, Hostessing, etc.
a sweeping cultural movement
A Sweeping Cultural Movement
  • The Great Awakening was a religious movement that appealed to colonists’ faith and emotion
    • Preachers focused on the importance of inner spiritual emotion, rather than outward religious behavior
    • Many ministers traveled through the colonies and drew large crowds
  • This movement offered hope to the individual b/c:
    • Past transgressions would be forgiven
    • A new relationship w/ God would be forged
preachers
Preachers
  • Two preachers stood out amongst the rest b/c of their passion, charisma, and message
    • Jonathon Edwards
      • New England preacher & writer known for his fiery sermons like “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”
    • George Whitefield
      • Colonial preacher largely responsible for establishing the Methodist church in the South
the message
The Message
  • The major message being passed on by these ministers the need to have a personal & spiritual relationship w/ God
    • This personal/spiritual relationship would begin with a sudden conversion
      • This is the basic doctrine of Evangelicalism

(i.e. “Born Again”)

    • So, the conversion people experienced was called a “rebirth” or “awakening”