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14:5. The Third Reich Collapses Battle of the Bulge (Dec 1944) Hitler’s last offensive Cut-off Allied supplies coming through Belgium U.S. forces defeat German forces Germany has little resources left to continue war. 14:5. The War Ends in Europe

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
14:5
  • The Third Reich Collapses
    • Battle of the Bulge (Dec 1944)
      • Hitler’s last offensive
      • Cut-off Allied supplies coming through Belgium
      • U.S. forces defeat German forces
      • Germany has little resources left to continue war
slide2
14:5
  • The War Ends in Europe
    • Russian forces drive Germans out of Russia
      • Eventually 35 miles from Berlin
    • Russia attacks Germany from east, Americans from west
    • Russian troops enter Berlin
    • Hitler commits suicide
    • “V-E Day” (Victory in Europe)
slide3
14:5
  • April, 1945, President Roosevelt dies in office
  • 33rd President: Harry S. Truman
    • Roosevelt’s vice-president
slide4
14:5
  • Japan is Defeated
    • Battle of Iwo Jima (Feb 1945)
    • 60,000 U.S. Marines
      • 6,800 killed
    • New technique: napalm
      • Jellied gasoline in bombs
      • Start fires on explosion
slide5
14:5
  • Invasion of Okinawa
    • U.S. wanted the island as a base for the invasion of Japan
    • 12,000 Americans die
    • U.S. takes island June 22, 1945
slide6
14:5
  • The Manhattan Project
    • Secret project to create an atom bomb
    • Los Alamos, New Mexico
    • Detonated world’s first atomic bomb in desert in New Mexico
slide7
14:5
  • U.S. Uses Atom Bombs
    • Nagasaki and Hiroshima
    • Japanese leaders disregarded Truman’s warnings
    • August 6, 1945
      • B-29 bomber Enola Gay bombs Hiroshima
      • 63% of city destroyed
      • Approximately 100,000 dead
slide9
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  • Nagasaki
    • Approximately 50,000 killed
    • “V-J Day”
      • Victory in Japan
slide10
14:5
  • Post-War
    • Creation of the United Nations
    • Stop world from going to war again
    • Five Permanent Members:
      • Britain, France, China, Soviet Union, U.S.
slide11
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  • Putting the Enemy on Trial
    • U.S., Britain, France, and Soviet Union create International Military Tribunal (IMT)
    • Nuremberg Trials
    • Former leaders of Nazi Germany