Reported speech ( he said that ). a cura della prof.ssa Domitilla Gerini. “I’m feeling ill.”. Look at this situation:. If you want to tell somebody what sarah said there are two ways of doing this :. you can repeat Sarah’s words (direct speech) Sarah said, “I’m feeling ill”.
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you can repeat Sarah’s words (direct speech)
Sarah said, “I’m feeling ill”
you can use reported speech:
Sarah said that she was feeling ill.
Sarah said, “Iam feeling ill ”(direct)
Sarah said that shewas feeling ill (reported)
when we report what someone else said:
the personal pronoun changes
we are usually reporting at a later time so we use the reporting verb (say, tell …) in the past tense
and we normally change the tense used by the original speaker, it moves one tense back (see table on the following slide)IMPORTANT RULES
in the reportedspeech, buthadtois more common
Kate: I mustbuy some fruit” Kate saidshemust/hadtobuy some fruit
BUT BE CAREFUL!
Weusemust, nothadto, whenwe report :
Ex.: Paul “Youmustn’t tell Sally our secret” Paul saidwemustn’t tell Sally our secret
Sarah: “Jim mustbetiredafter the flight” Sarah said Jim mustbetiredafter the flightMUST or hadto?
Referencestotime- 1BE CAREFUL:expressionsoftimealsochange…
Directspeech: “Is the weathergood?”
Reportedspeech : Rachel askedwhether the
asyou can see
questions are reported USING THE WORD ORDER OF A STATEMENT – WITH THE VERB AFTER THE SUBJECT - ratherthanthatof a question
We don’t say: Rachel askedwhetherwas the weathergood
Rachel askedwhether the weatherwasgood
SUBJECT VERBREPORTING QUESTIONS - 1
When we use tell to report what someone said, it is always followed by an object without to:
He told them (that) he was going to win
(not he told to them …, he told that …)Verbsusedforreporting(totell)
If the reportingverbis in the past (e.g. said), wesometimesuse the sametensesas the original speaker if the situation isstilltrue:
Robert “I havethreesister”
There are twopossibilitieswhenreportingthissentence:
Robert saidhehadthreesistersExceptionsto the generalrule - 1
speech and thencheckyouranswers!
1. Jane : “ Therewasaninterestingdocumentaryabout
1. Jane saidtherehadbeenaninterestingdocumentary
2. Susan : “Jim, wherewillyoubetonight?”
2. Susan asked Jim wherehewouldbethat night.
3. Pete “ Mary, are yougoingtomeetyourfriendsherenext
3. Peteasked Mary if/ whethershewasgoingtomeetherfriendstherethe followingSaturday.And now…giveit a try!