Jr. High Bible An Introduction to the New Testament
Overview • The New Testament was written almost _______________ ago. • Because its people and events are from long ago, we will be focusing on some _____________and cultural information. two millennia historical
Structure • The New Testament contains _______________ books. • The New Testament contains both _____________writingand _____________ writing. 27 narrative instructive
Project: Timeline 5 B.C. Jesus is born in Bethlehem. History tells us that Herod the Great died in 4 B.C. He was alive when Jesus was born and tried to have Him killed, so Jesus must have been born before Herod died.
Project: Timeline A.D. 30 Jesus is crucified during Passover, probably in April, and is raised on the third day. Fifty days later, during Pentecost, the Holy Spirit comes on the Apostles, and the church is born.
Project: Timeline A.D. 8 Jesus amazes the teachers in the temple. (Luke 2:41 - 52
Project: Timeline A.D. 34 Stephen is stoned, becoming the first Christian martyr (Acts 7:54 – 60).
Project: Timeline A.D. 41 James, the brother of the apostle John, dies by the sword by order of King Herod. (Acts 12:2).
Project: Timeline A.D. 51 The Jerusalem Council is held, establishing that Gentile Christians are saved without any need for the Jewish rite of circumcision. (Acts 15:1 – 29).
Project: Timeline A.D. 62 James, the half brother of Jesus, dies a martyr.
Project: Timeline A.D. 59 - 63 Paul is imprisoned in Rome, where he writes the prison epistles.
Project: Timeline A.D. 64 Nero burns Rome and tries to shift blames on Rome’s Christians.
Project: Timeline A.D. 64 - 68 Paul dies a martyr after his second arrest in Rome.
Project: Timeline A.D. 67 Peter dies a martyr as Jesus predicted in John 21:18-19.
Project: Timeline A.D. 70 Jerusalem falls to the Romans, who destroy the city and the temple.
Project: Timeline A.D. 97 John the apostle dies.
People and Culture • The entire New Testament was written with __________ as a backdrop. • The Roman Empire was in power at the time of _____________birth. • It was a _____________ decree that brought Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem, and it was a _____________ decree that sentenced Jesus to death. Rome Christ’s Roman Roman
People and Culture • ________________ was the emperor of Rome and thus of the entire Roman Empire when Jesus was born. • For most of Jesus’ lifetime on earth, the emperor was ________________(his portrait was on the coin Jesus held when He said “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to _____ what is ______ ” (Matthew 22:21). Augustus Caesar Tiberius Caesar God God’s
People and Culture • Then, as now, people paid _______. • The Jews paid taxes to ________________, to their local government, and to the temple and its leaders. • In Jesus’ lifetime, Galilee was under the rule of ____________ while Jerusalem was under ___________ who governed Judea and Samaria. taxes Rome Herod Antipas Pontius Pilate
People and Culture • For New Testament Jews, the family was the basic unit of _______ , though families were often broken up by slavery. • ________________families were large. • In New Testament times, they were ____________ with the father supreme and the mother and children dependent on him. society Palestinian patriarchal
People and Culture • Jewish religion was based on ____________ , teachings and traditions. • There were no ________________, and the synagogue served as the center of education as well as religion. • The most important Jewish religious groups were the ____________ , the Sadducees, and the ____________. Old Testament public schools Pharisees Zealots