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14. INSTRUMENT. 20 SEP 2012. 15 NOV 2012. 18 OCT 2012. DEPARTURE. PROCEDURES. This publication is required for this class. Enabling Learning Objective H ACTION: Plan and conduct a departure from an airfield

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slide1

14

INSTRUMENT

20 SEP 2012

15 NOV 2012

18 OCT 2012

DEPARTURE

PROCEDURES

This publication is required for this class

slide2

Enabling Learning Objective H

  • ACTION: Plan and conduct a departure from an airfield
  • CONDITION: As an Army Aviator with all appropriate publications
  • STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, DOD Flip, AR 95-1, AIM.
slide3

Why are Departure Procedures (DPs) Necessary?

  • Primary Reason:
      • Obstacle Clearance Protection
  • Secondary Reasons:
  • Facilitates transition to the enroute structure safely
  • At Busier Airports:
  • Increases Efficiency
  • Reduces Communications
  • Reduces Departure Delays

REF: AIM Pg 5-2-5/6

slide6

During Take-Off/ Departure

  • Minimum Rate of Climb
    • 200 ft per NM
    • Climb to 400 ft above airport/heliport elevation before any turn.
slide8

T/O from an Airport: Climb 210 Feet Per Nautical Mile

Feet Per Minute

Rate of

climb

slide9

GS = 80knots

  • Takeoff minimums requiring a climb rate of 200 feet per NM
    • Find : Rate of climb required

267 fpm

slide11

AR 95-1, Ch 5, Para 5-3 a, b, c

  • All aviators will comply with published nonstandard IFR takeoff minimums and departure procedures in flight information publications.
slide12

Ceiling and Visibility requirements are for the “aviator flying the aircraft (P*) on takeoff.”

    • If P* has logged <50 hrs actual Wx time as PC:
    • takeoff minimums = 100 - ¼
    • If P* has logged >50 hrs actual Wx time as PC:
      • takeoff minimums = none
      • (“has no Army takeoff minimums.”)
slide13

TYPES OF

DEPARTURE PROCEDURES

(DP’s)

there are two types of departure procedures
There are TWOTypes of Departure Procedures
  • Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODPs)
    • Graphical
    • Textual
    • Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs)

Ref: AIMS para 5-2-8

slide15

DIVERSE DEPARTURE

No ODP is published

Minimum rate of climb: 200Ft/Nm

No turn until passing: 400 Ft AGL

slide16

DIVERSE DEPARTURE

Use at Airports without an

ODP

slide17

Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODP)

(Text)

And

Take-Off Minimums

slide18

Obstacle Departure Procedures (Text)

  • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure
  • Provides Obstruction Clearance
  • May require:
  • Greater than standard takeoff ceiling and/or visibility.
  • A specified altitude before turning.
  • A greater than 200 ft per NM Climb rate.
slide19

Use Table of Contents

Index Of Instrument Procedure

Charts

Determine if IFR Take-Off minimums (Non Standard) are published for departure airport.

slide22

“Obstacle”

DepartureProcedure

(Graphic)

slide23

Obstacle Departure Procedures

(Graphic)

  • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure
  • Published in graphic and text format.
  • Provides Obstruction Clearance
  • May be flown without an ATC Clearance.
slide24

May be filed in a flight plan

Using the computer code –

(KIENO 1 • KIENO)

slide26

Where Can I Depart From?

AIRPORT Diagram

(from Approach Chart)

Location and layout of helipads

Airport elevation

slide27

Standard Instrument

Departure

(SID)

slide28

SID LEGEND

NAVAIDS

ROUTES

ALTITUDES

MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE

slide29

Use Table of Contents

Index Of Instrument

Procedure

Charts

Determine if a

Standard Instrument Departure (SID)

is available for an airport.

slide30

CLIOS Two

Departure

slide31

MARGIN INFORMATION

NOTE FORMAT:

CLIOS 2 • CLIOS

Name of procedure

Computer coded identifier for use on flight plans

Originating Agency

Area served

Pilot Nav

slide32

PLAN VIEW

Current Weather

Receive ATC clearance.

Hover Taxi Instructions

Hover Taxi Instructions

Communication Information

Clearance for TAKE-OFF

ATC controller after Take-off

As directed by ATC

NAVAID Information

Published Routes

Radials

slide33

DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION

Initial Departure Heading

BASIC DEPARTURE PROCEDURE

slide35

HOUND Two

Departure

slide38

OPPTO Two

Departure

slide40

Army 12345 intercepting the Cairns 273 radial. Resume own navigation.

Army 12345 turn left to heading 300.

Aircraft may be vectored from Cairns to OPPTO intersection.

Army 12345 turn left to heading 210.

BASIC SID ends at OPPTO intersection

CRESTVEW Transition

slide42

Turn and track the MAI 300R toward Marianna

NOTE: Basic procedure ends at HOUND

Flying the MARIANNA Transition

Double bar set to MAI 114.0 NAV 2 Single bar set to OZR 111.2 NAV 1

Single bar reset to RRS 111.6 NAV 1

Pilot Nav

slide43

Flying the CHEWS Transition

Double bar set to MAI 114.0 NAV 2 Single bar set to RRS 111.6 NAV 1

slide44

Other Departure Procedures

Radar Departure

When the departure is to be vectored immediately following Takeoff:

The aviator is advised before takeoff of the initial heading to be flown

Departure control vectors the aircraft to either a navigation facility or an en route position appropriate to the departure clearance

slide45

B. VFR

  • Fly at the appropriate VFR altitude as prescribed in part 91.
  • Comply with VFR visibility and distance-from-cloud criteria in part 91.
  • Comply with IFRs applicable to this flight (minimum IFR altitudes, position reporting, radio communications, course to be flown, and adherence to ATC clearance).
slide46

Obtain an ATC Clearance

  • Towered Airport
    • Clearance Delivery
    • Ground Control
slide47

Obtain an ATC Clearance

  • Airport w/o Tower or Tower Closed
    • Radio (FSS)
      • RCO (Remote Communications Outlet)
      • GCO (Ground Communications Outlet)
    • Telephone (1-800 WX BRIEF)
    • 992-7433

graphic

graphic

slide48

An ATC Clearance

  • Aircraft identification.
  • Clearance limit.
  • SID
  • Route of flight
  • Altitude data in the order flown.
  • Holding instructions.
  • Any special information.
  • Frequency and beacon code information.
slide49

Check on Learning

1. What is the Primary Purpose of a departure procedure?

  • Obstacle Clearance Protection

2. What are the two types of departure procedures?

  • Obstacle departure procedure (ODP).
  • Standard Instrument Departure (SID).

3. If no OPD or SID is published, what type of instrument departure will you make?

  • Diverse Departure
slide50

?

QUESTIONS

slide51

Practical Exercise Next

  • PE - HSI
  • - Departure Procedures
  • Complete in Class
  • You may leave when you are done.
  • I am available to answer your questions