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ATTAINING RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT. SOCIAL STUDIES 10. Post-rebellion review. The rebellions of 1837-38 in both upper Canada and lower Canada sparked by calls for reform to the political system.

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post rebellion review
Post-rebellion review
  • The rebellions of 1837-38 in both upper Canada and lower Canada sparked by calls for reform to the political system.
  • The colonial government system from 1791-1840 featured an oligarchy where the colony was ruled by a small group of elite English-speaking men
  • In lord durham’s report, he recommended the unification of the canadas and responsible government
  • 1840 act of union led to upper Canada lower Canada being merged into united Canada in 1841. upper Canada = Canada west, lower Canada = Canada east
fears of responsible gov t
FEARS OF RESPONSIBLE GOV’T
  • WEAKEN BRITISH EMPIRE AND STRENGTHEH ENEMIES OF THE BRITISH (USA)
  • CREATE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
british economic policy shift
BRITISH ECONOMIC POLICY SHIFT
  • BRITISH EMPIRE FOLLOWED THE POLICY OF MERCANTLISM
  • MERCANTLISM: HOME COUNTRY TAKES RAW PRODUCT FROM COLONIES TO MAKE GOODS FOR PROFIT
  • 1846 THE BRITISH MOVE TOWARDS FREE TRADE WHEN THEY REPEALED THE CORN LAWS WHICH PERMITTED CANADIAN GRAIN PRODUCTS TO ENTER BRITAIN WITH A LOW DUTY (TAX)
  • BRITISH VIEW COLONIES (CANADA) AS AN ECONOMIC PARTNER, NO LONGER A RESPONSIBILITY BECAUSE OF THE HIGH EXPENSE TO GOVERN, DEFEND AND FINANCE THE COLONIES
lord elgin and responsible gov t achieved
LORD ELGIN AND RESPONSIBLE GOV’T ACHIEVED
  • 1847, JAMES BRUCE, THE SON IN LAW OF LORD DURHAM WAS APPOINTED GOVERNOR GENERAL OF UNITED CANADA AND WAS GIVEN THE TASK OF BRINGING IN RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT
  • 1848 ELECTIONS IN CANADA EAST RESULTED IN REFORMER LOUIS HIPPOLYTE-LAFONTAINE MAJORITY AND IN CANADA WEST REFORMER ROBERT BALDWIN MAJORITY
  • ELGIN CALLED ON LAFONTAINE AND BALDWIN TO FORM A GOVERNMENT
slide7

GOVERNOR

*Appointed by government in England

*Represented the monarch

*Always English

*Took orders from the British Government

HOW RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT STRUCTURED

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL

*members appointed by the governor for life

*made and passed laws

*also called the Upper House

EXECUTIVE COUNCIL

*Appointed by the governor, but chosen from the party holding majority in the Legislative Assembly

*held office for the term of the government

*each member (minister) given charge of a department of gov’t

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

*elected by the voters for up to 4 years

*made and passed laws

*also called the Lower House

responsible government tested
RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT TESTED
  • IN 1849 THE REFORM GOVERNMENT INTRODUCED THE REBELLION LOSSES BILL WHICH GAVE FINANCIAL COMPENSATION TO ANYONE WHO LOST PROPERTY IN THE REBELLION, INCLUDING THE REBELS.
  • THIS BILL WAS SUPPORTED BY THE REFORMERS, BUT OPPOSED BY THE TORIES AND EVEN LORD ELGIN
  • HOWEVER, UNDER THE PRINCIPLE OF RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT, THE GOVERNOR COULD NOT VETO ANY LAWS, THUS ELGIN SIGNED IT.
reactions to rebellion losses bill
REACTIONS TO REBELLION LOSSES BILL
  • IN RESPONSE TO THE SIGNING OF THE REBELLION LOSSES BILL, RIOTING TOOK PLACE FOR TWO DAYS. THIS INCLUDED THE BURNING OF THE PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS IN MONTREAL.
  • ANTI-REBELS, WHICH INCLUDED MERCHANTS AND CITIZENS PUBLISHED THE ANNEXATION MANIFESTO WHICH WAS A PLAN FROM THE UNITED STATES TO TAKE OVER.
  • THE MOVE TO BEING A COUNTRY BY ITSELF BEGINS