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LIR 30: Week 3. Thesis Questions, Citing & Using Sources. Class Announcements. Change in lecture notes Lab rules re: food Class quiz/question deadline!. From “Topic” to Thesis Statement. Research Topics. Topic selection: Specific topic = ease of research More focused

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lir 30 week 3

LIR 30: Week 3

Thesis Questions,

Citing & Using Sources

class announcements
Class Announcements
  • Change in lecture notes
  • Lab rules re: food
  • Class quiz/question deadline!
research topics
Research Topics

Topic selection:

    • Specific topic = ease of research
      • More focused
      • Eliminate off-topic sources
      • Fewer sources to review
  • Even topics selected by instructors can be “tweaked” for easier research
good research topics
Good Research Topics
  • Two (or more) elements
  • Thesis = Topic + Specific Assertion
good research topics6
Good Research Topics

Thesis = Topic + Specific Assertion

Clash + influence on music

Google + privacy & China policy

Steroids + Congressional hearings

Struggling readers + effect of reading dog program

Creeks + urban restoration

good research topics7
Good Research Topics
  • Reggae
    • Too broad
  • Reggae influence on “Police and Thieves”
    • Too narrow
  • Influence of reggae music on the Clash
    • Just right!
is a thesis statement or research question required

Is a thesis statement or research question required?

Ask your instructor!

(Can be helpful even if not required.)

creating thesis and topic statements or research questions
Thesis statement:

One or two sentence statement articulating purpose

Defines, topic and may indicate point of view

Research Question:

All of the above, plus…

Articulates research topic in question form

Creating Thesis and Topic Statements or Research Questions
strong thesis topic questions
Strong thesis/topic questions
  • Justifies discussion
  • One idea, direction for research
  • Specific
  • Roadmap for research and writing
strong thesis statements
Needs Improvement

“Hansel and Gretel” by the Brothers Grimm is one of the greatest classic fairy tales.

New and Improved!

The Brothers Grimm sought to improve health education for their public through fairy tales. “Hansel and Gretel” reflects their growing concern over the high-carbohydrate diets common in late 19th century Germany.

Strong thesis statements?
strong research questions
Needs Improvement

Does “Hansel and Gretel” reflect the health concerns of the Brothers Grimm?

New and Improved!

Given the Brothers Grimm commitment to health education through fairy tales, how does “Hansel and Gretel” demonstrate their concern with the high carbohydrate diet of Germans in the late 19th century?

Strong research questions?
be sure to read reader material for next week plus excellent site for more information

Be sure to read Reader material for next week(Plus excellent site for more information)

citation styles what the heck
Citation styles: what the heck?
  • MLA vs. APA
  • MLA: humanities, arts
  • APA: sciences, social sciences
mla format handouts online versions
MLA Format Handouts online versions

General sources:

Electronic sources

citing sources

Citing Sources


what is a source
What is a source?
  • Any book, periodical, website, interview, lecture, film, show, etc. etc. you gather information from
  • If not from your own head (common knowledge), cite it!
cite vs site
Cite (citation)

“To make reference to”

Bibliographic record of your source


Place where something is located

Cite vs. Site

c. Mad Magazine

keeping track of sources notecards
Keeping track of sources: notecards
  • Author(s)
  • Title of article (periodicals)
  • Title of book, periodical or website
  • Date of publication
  • Place of publication (books)
  • URL (websites)
citation elements basic bibliographic information refer to this chart in reader while we continue
Citation Elements: Basic Bibliographic Information (refer to this chart in Reader while we continue)
author s name
Author’s Name

Person/persons responsible for source

Last name first (except for additional authors)

No author? Leave blank

More than 3? Use et al.(not on notes)

Don’t include credentials (not on notes)

author examples

Filkins, Jean, M.S.L.I.S.

Filkins, Jean and Kitty, Hello.


Filkins, Jean.

Filkins, Jean and Hello Kitty.

Author Examples
article title in quotes
“Article Title” (in quotes)
  • Name of:
    • Encyclopedia article
    • Essay
    • Book chapter, section
    • Newspaper, magazine article
    • Web page, part of a web site
  • If using the whole book or website or alphabetical entry, article title is unnecessary
article title examples

"This Is Where I Belong"-Identity, Social Class, and the Nostalgic Englishness of Ray Davies and the Kinks


"This Is Where I Belong: Identity, Social Class, and the Nostalgic Englishness of Ray Davies and the Kinks.”

Article Title Examples
title of resource underlined
Title of Resource (underlined)
  • Title of:
    • Book, Anthology, Encyclopedia
    • Journal
    • Newspaper
    • Website
  • Edition (if needed)
  • Number of volumes (if needed)
title of resource examples

“The Journal of Popular Culture”


Journal of Popular Culture

Title of Resource Examples
publication information
Publication Information
  • Place of Publication (books)
  • City, sometimes state
    • “Major” cities don’t need state added
    • If adding state, use postal code
  • Publisher’s name (simply!)
publisher examples

Hello Kitty Publishers, Inc. Santa Rosa.


Santa Rosa, CA: Hello Kitty.

Publisher Examples
date of publication


If many, use most recent


Date: day month year


Volume.Issue (year)


Include edition


Last date updated

Online source

Date accessed

Date of Publication
where do you find this stuff
Where do you find this stuff?

Book title page:



Place of publication

Title page verso (back of title page)

Date of publication

the title page
The title page!

Title of the book

Subtitle of the book

Authors of the book

Publisher of the book

Place of publication

the verso back of the title page
The verso (back of the title page)…

Date of publication

CIP data, ignore!

for periodicals
For Periodicals





for online periodicals
For Online Periodicals





works cited format notes
Works Cited Format Notes
  • Alphabetize by first item
    • Usually Author’s last name
  • Double space
  • Hanging Indent
    • Indent 5 spaces after first line
    • Can be set on ruler in Word
works cited format notes42
Works Cited Format Notes
  • Item not available? Leave blank
  • Sentence punctuation
    • Period after each section!
  • Dates = day Month, year
  • Remove hyperlinks! (See example)
when you understand the pattern

When you understand the pattern…

It’s not such a mystery!

the pattern
The pattern:
  • Author
  • Title
  • Publication information
basic book citation model see reader
Basic Book Citation Model (see Reader)

Author’s name (Last name, First name). “Article Title (if needed).” Book Title. Ed. Editor’s name (first name first, if needed). Place of publication: Publisher, Date. first-last (page numbers, if needed).

reference resource model see reader
Reference Resource Model (See Reader)

Author (last name first). “Article Title.” Encyclopedia or Resource Title, Ed. First name, last name if needed. Place of publication: Publisher, date. First-last (page numbers not needed if alphabetical).

using the information you ve found

Using the Information You’ve Found

Notecards, Ethics, Techniques

notes on notetaking
Notes on notetaking
  • Read Hunter college section in Reader
  • At the very least, for bibliographic info
  • Consider “notebook style”

On to ethics…

what is plagiarism
What is Plagiarism?
  • Using someone else's ideas without credit
  • Phrasing, representing someone else’s ideas as your own

Either on purpose or through carelessness

avoid plagiarism
Avoid Plagiarism:
  • Own thoughts and ideas, wording
  • If paraphrasing sources, always acknowledge
  • Credit source of quotes, distinctive information, adapted material
what content should be credited
What Content Should Be Credited?
  • Information, ideas from sources
  • Paragraphs or sentences
  • Distinct phrases (be careful!)
  • Statistics, research, lab results, art, etc.
who should be credited
Who Should Be Credited?
  • Publishedwriters of books, articles
  • Internet sources
  • Another student at SRJC or elsewhere
when to quote
When to Quote
  • “Quotable” language (dangerous)
  • Support for analysis
  • Historical witness
  • Controversial statement
  • Expert testimony/declaration
guidelines for quotations
Guidelines for Quotations
  • Use exact wording
    • Ellipses… for words removed
    • Brackets[] for words or letters added
  • Don’t overuse quotations
  • Don’t quote the same source again and again
  • To clarify
  • To simplify
  • To emphasize
  • To unify the language of your paper (dangerous)
parenthetical references
Parenthetical References
  • See examples from MLA handout
someone else s ideas in your own words first example
Someone Else’s Ideas in Your Own Words: First Example
  • Research paper: History of fashion in 1920s
  • Read several sources that skirt lengths rose in conjunction w/ “emancipated” women, no more corsets
  • Also read in one source that women’s clothes resembled little girls
in alison lurie s book the language of clothes new york 1981
In Alison Lurie's book The Language of Clothes (New York: 1981)
  • Skirts rose from top of the ankle after WW1 to mid-knee
  • Curves out, boyish figure in
  • Waists disappeared, silhouette strait
your paper will note
Your Paper Will Note
  • Women’s clothes changed dramatically, note details (stated in your words)
    • Reported in several sources
    • List sources in bibliography
your paper will also note
Your Paper Will Also Note
  • Women’s fashion took on a childish look
  • Need to cite as follows:
    • As skirt lengths shortened, the fashionable silhouette for women looked more childish than womanly (Lurie 75).
    • Alison Lurie notes that, at the same time hem lengths rose, the fashionable silhouette for women looked more childish than womanly (75).
homework for next week
Homework for Next Week
  • Read Purdue OWL Thesis Statement if you haven’t already
  • Thesis statement/Research question
  • Read through entire Weeks 3 & 4 section