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Land-grant Universities: Research, Extension, and Local Leadership to Improve TMDLs. Jane Frankenberger Associate Professor Ag. and Biol. Engineering Purdue University and Michael D. Smolen Professor Biosystems and Ag. Engineering Oklahoma State University.
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Ag. and Biol. Engineering
Michael D. Smolen
Biosystems and Ag. Engineering
Oklahoma State University
EPA Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds (OWOW)
EPA - Assessment and Watershed Protection Division (AWPD)
Land grant universities TMDL Committee members:
People of the stateExtension links the university to the people of the state
Educators or faculty
Every state contributes to one or another facet of the TMDL program, but
Attitudes and approaches vary widely.
We found three basic attitudes…
“TMDL development involves discussions that have strong political overtones and may lead to a perception of bias or alliance attributed to participants. The university works hard to avoid such perceptions.”
“Scientists should contribute to the process technically, but not engage in political debates.”
“If there is an important question that needs to be answered, it is better that scientists answer it rather than leaving it to people who may not base the decision on science.”
“Extension responds to the needs of a community, and if TMDLs are being done, we should be actively involved.”
One student obtained employment with state agency as a result.
Running models that are used in TMDLs, without actually writing the TMDL (7 states)
Developing TMDLs for the state
Virginia Tech has done 22 TMDLs
They emphasize education both in TMDL development and implementation.4. Watershed modeling and TMDL development
Promoting watershed management to implement a TMDL (15 universities)5. Improving watershed management
Conducting applied research to assess impact of various BMPs6. Encouraging BMP implementation
How much do you trust the following agencies or organizations working in your community?
Cty Farm Bureau 3.8
Ohio EPA 1.9
US EPA 1.7
The CSREES national water quality program (authorized by Section 406 AREERA) is helping to give voice to the water quality answer.