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WORDS: THE POWER WITHIN. BRONZE EDITION – LESSON 1 Putting First Things First. CON (CO, COL, COM, COR). Cooperate Co + operati (work) Literal definition = work together; work with Dictionary definition = (v) to act jointly; to work toward the same end

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words the power within

WORDS: THE POWER WITHIN

BRONZE EDITION – LESSON 1

Putting First Things First

con co col com cor
CON (CO, COL, COM, COR)

Cooperate

Co + operati (work)

Literal definition = work together; work with

Dictionary definition = (v) to act jointly; to work toward the same end

We need to cooperate if we are to get anything accomplished.

con co col com cor1
CON (CO, COL, COM, COR)

Compress

Com + press (push)

Literal definition = push together

Dictionary definition = (v) to flatten by pressure; to squeeze; to shorten or abbreviate (n) a pad of absorbent material pressed onto the body to relieve inflammation or to stop bleeding

(v) We need to compress this five-page document into a two-page document.

(n) Keep the cold compress on the bruise to reduce swelling.

con co col com cor2
CON (CO, COL, COM, COR)

Concur

Con + cur (run)

Literal definition = run together; run with

Dictionary definition = (v) to be of the same opinion; to agree; to happen at the same time; to coincide

I concur with your decision to give a quiz tomorrow.

The swim meet and soccer game concur, so I can only go to one of them.

con co col com cor3
CON (CO, COL, COM, COR)

Corrode

Cor + *rodere (gnaw) *Rodere is the base for rodent

Literal definition = gnaw with

Dictionary definition = (v) to destroy or damage slowly by chemical action; to weaken

If you leave old batteries in the remote, they will eventually corrode the surrounding metal parts.

CON = TOGETHER, WITH

slide6
DE

Decrease

De + crescere (grow)

Literal definition = grow down; grow away

Dictionary definition = (v) to become smaller or less in size, intensity, or degree; (n) an instance of becoming smaller or less

(v) My parents decreased my allowance when I didn’t do my chores.

(n) There was a decrease in the number of thefts in Wake County last year.

slide7
DE

Descend

De + scandre (climb)

Literal definition = climb down

Dictionary definition = (v) to move or fall downward

The airplane descended to 5000 feet as it prepared to land.

slide8
DE

Destruct

De + struct (build)

Literal definition = build down; build away

Dictionary definition = (v) to cause deliberate; irreparable damage to; to destroy

The bombs destructed what remained of the abandoned city.

We need to destruct these missiles so they do not fall into the wrong hands.

DE = DOWN, AWAY, FROM

in il im ir
IN (IL, IM, IR)

Illiterate

Il +litera (words or letters)

Literal definition = not words; not letters

Dictionary definition = (adj) unable to read or write

The illiterate man was unable to read the assembly directions for the bookcase.

in il im ir1
IN (IL, IM, IR)

Impossible

Im + possible

Literal definition = not possible

Dictionary definition = (adj) not able to occur, exist, or be done

It is impossible to sneeze without blinking or closing your eyes.

in il im ir2
IN (IL, IM, IR)

Incredible

In + cred (believe) + ible (able)

Literal definition = not able to believe

Dictionary definition = (adj) impossible or difficult to believe

Bob made an incredible, game-saving catch in the closing seconds.

in il im ir3
IN (IL, IM, IR)

Irresponsible

Ir + responsible

Literal definition = not responsible

Dictionary definition = not showing a proper sense of duty, obligation, or control

The irresponsiblesecurity guard forgot to lock the front door, and the business was robbed.

IN (IL, IM, IR) = NOT

in il im ir4
IN (IL, IM, IR)

Illuminate

Il + lumin (light)

Literal definition = in light; into light

Dictionary definition = (v) to light up; to decorate with lights; to help clarify or explain

The addition of the ground lights helps to illuminate the path.

Perhaps this explanation will help illuminate the answer to the math equation.

in il im ir5
IN (IL, IM, IR)

Immerse

Im +mers (dip)

Literal definition = dip in; dip into

Dictionary definition = (v) to dip in a liquid; to involve oneself deeply in a particular activity or interest

Bob filled the sink and immersedhis head to cool down after practice.

Sometimes I will immerse myself in a good book and spend hours reading it.

in il im ir6
IN (IL, IM, IR)

Include

In + clud (close, shut)

Literal definition = close in; shut in

Dictionary definition = (v) to comprise or contain as part of a whole

The price of the movie ticket already includes sales tax.

Please include your rubric when you turn in the final paper.

in il im ir7
IN (IL, IM, IR)

Irrigate

Ir +rigar (water)

Literal definition = in water; into water

Dictionary definition = (v) to supply water to land or crops to help growth, usually by means of channels

Farmer Bob built a pond next to his fields so that he could use the water to irrigate his crops.

IN (IL, IM, IR) = IN, INTO

slide17
PER

Permit

Per + mit (send)

Literal definition = send through

Dictionary definition = (v) to give authorization, permission, or consent to; to allow; (n) authorization

(v) I will permit you to enter our secret club if you know the password.

(n) You need a fishing permit to fish in Bob’s lake.

slide18
PER

Perpendicular

Per + pend (hang)

Literal definition = hang through; hang thoroughly

Dictionary definition = (adj) at an angle of 90 degrees to a given, line, plane, or surface.

We practiced drawing perpendicular lines in math class.

slide19
PER

Persuade

Per + suadere (advise)

Literal definition = advise thoroughly

Dictionary definition = (v) to cause someone to do something through reasoning or argument; to convince

We persuaded Bob to let us borrow his brand new XBOX game by telling him we could unlock secret levels.

PER = THROUGH, THOROUGHLY

slide20
PRE

Predict

Pre + dict (speak, say)

Literal definition = speak before; say before

Dictionary definition = (v) to say that something will happen in the future or will be a consequence of something

I was able to predict the winner of the Super Bowl based on how the teams performed during the regular season.

slide21
PRE

Prefix

Pre + fix (place, put)

Literal definition = put before; place before

Dictionary definition = (n) an element placed at the beginning of a word to adjust or qualify its meaning

We can use the meaning of prefixes to help figure out the definitions of words.

slide22
PRE

Prejudice

Pre + jud (law, judgment)

Literal definition = judgment before

Dictionary definition = (n) an opinion that is formed before having the evidence of its truth or usefulness; one that is not based on reason or actual experience; (v) to make biased

(n) Your prejudice might prevent you from getting to know someone who is really an awesome person.

(v) Don’t prejudice the audience by saying negative things about your opponent.

PRE = BEFORE