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Trust in researchers/ Privacy of researched . Sally Wyatt , Maastricht University & e-Humanities Group, KNAW. Amsterdam Privacy Conference, 9 October 2012. Changing research context. Growth of universities – of numbers of staff & students, of (inter)disciplines

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trust in researchers privacy of researched

Trust in researchers/Privacy of researched

Sally Wyatt,

Maastricht University &

e-Humanities Group, KNAW

Amsterdam Privacy Conference, 9 October 2012

changing research context
Changing research context
  • Growth of universities – of numbers of staff & students, of (inter)disciplines
  • Increased accountability – for quantity & quality of output, wider range of social actors
  • Success of ‘big’ science – large inter-national & inter-disciplinary teams
  • Use of digital technologies in all stages of knowledge production (and in administration)
  • Decliningtrust in/authorityof science
institutional logics for research ethics
Institutional logics for research ethics
  • Self-regulation, 1945-75 – Mertonian norms of universalism, communalism, disinterestedness & organized scepticism
  • Preventing misconduct, 1975-90 – rise of local Institutional Review Boards (in US and some other countries – by no means all)
  • Promoting integrity, 1990--- new threats to Mertonian norms from changing research environment
from us office of research integrity on websites of 400 us universities
From US Office of Research Integrity(& on websites of 400 US universities)

Research misconduct means fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.

  • Fabrication is making up data or resultsandrecording or reportingthem.
  • Falsification is maniputing research materials, … or changing or omitting data…
  • Plagiarism is the appropriation of anotherperson’sideas…without givingappropriate credit.
  • Research misconduct does notincludehonest error or differences of opinion.
e research
e-Research
  • Invokes interesting object of study
  • Foregrounds practice of research rather than infrastructure
  • Acknowledges diversity of research methods (not only high-performance computing)
  • Sensitive to disciplinary practices
  • Evocative nature of term serves to catalyse hope, resistance, controversy – and serves as early warning of paradigmatic struggle, methodological innovation & ethical reflection
approaches to online material
Approaches to online material
  • It is publiclyavailable – cite & acknowledge as anyothermaterial (White 2002)
  • Protect privacy & anonymity of materialprovidedby/about (traceable) individuals (Beaulieu & Estalella 2011)
  • Contextualintegrity (Nissenbaum 2010)
  • Alienation (Bakardjieva & Feenberg 2000)
  • Thinidentity (Carusi 2008)
  • Fabrication (Markham 2012)
  • Private-public – continuum or binary or dialectic? Whatdifference does it make toresearchers, to users of social media?
another logic of ethics
Another logic of ethics?
  • Being earnestly ethical (Bakardjieva)
  • Doing no harm to respondents is not the only ethical principle
  • Ethical obligations to other social actors:
    • Other scholars – transparency, professional standards
    • Relations of trust between archivists & researchers
    • Public – duties of openness, effective use of money (avoid unnecessary duplication of data collection)
    • Participants – avoid unnecessary duplication of effort; ensure wider use (many participants do so to ‘help science’)