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The Feminist Challenge and Gender in Global Politics. Learning Objectives: Understand how Feminists describe global politics, and why Describe ways in which global politics is “gendered” Explain the impact and relevance of Feminist and gendered concepts in global politics.

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The Feminist Challenge and Gender in Global Politics

  • Learning Objectives:

    • Understand how Feminists describe global politics, and why

    • Describe ways in which global politics is “gendered”

    • Explain the impact and relevance of Feminist and gendered concepts in global politics.


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The Feminist Challenge and Gender in Global Politics

  • Core Principles

  • Feminism and Power

  • The Dominance of Liberal Feminism

  • Gender and Global Politics


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Intellectual Origins

  • First Wave:

    • Mary Wollstonecraft; Elizabeth Cady Stanton; Susan B. Anthony

  • Second Wave

    • Betty Friedan; Cynthia Enloe

  • Third Wave

    • Rebecca Walker; Gayatri Spivak; Angela Davis; Chandra Mohanty; Carol Adams


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    Core Principles

    • Focus on gender: gender matters

    • Inequality of women

    • Marginalization of women in IR

    • Differences in female experience

    • Social relations are gendered

    • Question: where are the women?


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    Feminism and Power

    • Power is inseparable from gender relations

    • Criticism of Realism



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    The Liberal Feminist Program

    • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979)

    • Optional Protocol to CEDAW (1999)

    • United Nations Commissioner on Women

    • United Nations Commission on Discrimination Against Women

    • UN Conference on Women (Beijing 1995)

    • Women’s NGOs


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    The Dominance of Liberal Feminism

    • Liberal Feminism

    • Socialist/Marxist Feminism

    • Postmodern Feminism

    • “Radical” Feminism


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    The Feminist Challenge and Gender in Global Politics

    • Women and war

    • Women and NGOs

    • Women and poverty

    • Women in development

    • Women and human rights

    • Women and work

    • Women and international health and education


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    Summary

    • After the class on Feminism, you should have a good understanding of how feminists describe global politics and the role of gender in that description.

    • You should be able to identify the feminist view of power and explain how this power is relevant in global politics.

    • You should be able to compare and contrast feminism with Liberalism, Realism, Marxism, and Postmodernism/Constructivism.

    • You should be able to explain the Liberal Feminist agenda, and the importance of the gendered perspective for global politics.

    • In the next unit of the course, we will examine decision-making in global politics.


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    And So…

    • No agreement on describing global politics and explaining why things happen (Realist and Liberal perspectives dominant)

    • Different views on nature of “the problem”

    • Different views on power

    • Policy flows from theory: differences on how to avoid war, achieve security, role of non-state actors, etc.

    • Theories are also analytical tools


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