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Major General James B. McPherson Commander XVII Corps Vicksburg Campaign. BLUF. General James B. McPherson (+) Intelligent (+) Compassionate (+) Calculating (-) Over Cautious. Agenda. Early Life West Point Pre-Civil War Before Vicksburg Conclusions Questions. Pre-Civil War

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
BLUF
  • General James B. McPherson

(+) Intelligent

(+) Compassionate

(+) Calculating

(-) Over Cautious

agenda
Agenda
  • Early Life
  • West Point
  • Pre-Civil War
  • Before Vicksburg
  • Conclusions
  • Questions

Pre-Civil War

1854-1860

Before Vicksburg

1861-1862

Early Life

1828-1848

West Point

1849-1853

early life
Early Life
  • Born November 14, 1828 in Clyde, OH
  • Works as a store clerk from age 13-19
  • Defers appointment to West Point
  • Attends Norwalk Academy 1847-48
  • Begins West Point in 1849 at age 20

Pre-Civil War

1854-1860

Before Vicksburg

1861-1862

Early Life

1828-1848

West Point

1849-1853

west point class of 1853
West PointClass of 1853

Confederate

  • Boggs (4)
  • Bowen (13)
  • Chambliss (31)
  • Davidson (33)
  • Walker (41)
  • Hood (44)
  • Smith (45)

Union

  • McPherson (1)
  • Sill (3)
  • Smith (6)
  • Schofield (7)
  • Terrill (16)
  • Tyler (22)
  • Sheridan (34)
  • Chambers (43)

Pre-Civil War

1854-1860

Before Vicksburg

1861-1862

Early Life

1828-1848

West Point

1849-1853

pre civil war
Pre-Civil War

Professor of Practical Engineering at West Point

1853-54

Corps of Engineers

New York Harbor

1855-57

Corps of Engineers

Fortification of Alcatraz Island

1858-61

Pre-Civil War

1854-1861

Before Vicksburg

1861-1862

Early Life

1828-1848

West Point

1849-1853

slide7

Before Vicksburg

Battle

Dec. 1862

Command

XVII Corps

Command

Oct. 1862

Rank Attained

May 1862

Division Command in XIII Corps

Apr. 1862

Feb. 1862

Gen. Grant’s Staff Engineer at Shiloh

Nov. 1861

Gen. Grant’s Staff Engineer at Henry and Donelson

Arrives St. Louis: Aide-de-camp for Gen. Halleck

Aug. 1861

Aug. 1, 1861

Arrives Boston

Departs San Francisco

Pre-Civil War

1854-1860

Before Vicksburg

1861-1862

Early Life

1828-1848

West Point

1849-1853

xvii corps task organization
XVII Corps Task Organization

XXX

XVII

Gen. McPherson

Gen. Quinby (NY)

XX

XX

XX

3rd

6th

7th

Gen. Crocker (IA)

Gen. Logan (IL)

Gen. McArthur (IL)

conclusions opposing sides
Conclusions – Opposing Sides

“… indeed the attachment formed in early youth was strengthened by my admiration and gratitude for his conduct toward our people in the vicinity of Vicksburg. His considerate and kind treatment of them stood in bright contrast to the course pursued by many Federal officers.”

- General John Bell Hood

“The country generally will realize that we have lost not only an able military leader, but a man who had he survived, was qualified to heal the national strife which has been raised by designing and ambitious men.”

- General William Tecumseh Sherman

slide10

“Sir, it is General McPherson. You have killed the best man in our Army.”

A.J. Thompson, Gen. McPherson’s Orderly

Reply to Captain Beard, 5th Confederate Regiment

July 22, 1864

questions
Questions

McPherson Statue

McPherson, KS

McPherson County

General McPherson’s Tomb

Clyde, Ohio

McPherson Square

Washington, D.C.