slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
DECENTRALISING WATER GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
DECENTRALISING WATER GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

DECENTRALISING WATER GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 93 Views
  • Uploaded on

DECENTRALISING WATER GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS. 26 June 2012. Josyula Lakshmi Program Manager Centre for Good Governance. Background. Water Crisis – improper governance and lack of effective accountability mechanisms

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

DECENTRALISING WATER GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

DECENTRALISING WATER GOVERNANCE SYSTEMS

26 June 2012

Josyula Lakshmi

Program Manager

Centre for Good Governance

slide2

Background

  • Water Crisis – improper governance and lack of effective accountability mechanisms
  • World over, 80% of the people living in rural areas do not have access to safe drinking water
  • Health and survival of life is in jeopardy
  • MDG aims at halving the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015
  • Better water governance could change the situation

26/06/12

2

slide3

The Developments

  • Focus on the finite resource and on its contingent value for human survival
  • Trigger for the next World War – Control over water resources, strategic alliances, water wars
  • Water as a fundamental right – not yet realised
  • Connotative references in several judgments
  • Democracy and Water – conjoined terms

26/06/12

3

slide4

Democracy and Water

  • Democracy – ‘of the people’, ‘for the people’
  • ‘By the people’- to be realised
  • Principle of subsidiarity – delegation and designation
  • 73rd Constitutional Amendment (1992)
  • Devolution of powers (Functions, Functionaries and Funds)
  • Democracy = Inclusive, Transparent and Accountable governance

26/06/12

4

slide5

Water governance

  • Issues pertaining to resource regulation, usage and its management
  • Water governance –focuses on the decision making mechanisms and processes in place
  • Good water governance = Better water sense at all levels
  • Levels of water governance – institutional mechanisms
  • Information flows and Service delivery standards
  • Ethos and the practices of accountability

26/06/12

5

slide6

Good governance practices

  • Systemic risk identification – Structural risks, Functional and Process risks
  • Strengthening links with end-users
  • Transparency and access to Information
  • Leveraging accountability
  • Improving service delivery
  • Updation of data
  • Quality Reporting

6

26/06/12

slide7

Enabling legislations

  • Already in place – the Right to Information Act, 2005
  • In the pipeline – the Right of Citizens for Time bound Delivery of Goods and Services and Redressal of their Grievances (2011) Bill
  • Electronic delivery of services (draft) Bill-2011

26/06/12

7

slide8

Right to Information Act

  • Information – files, notings…even SAMPLES
  • Reactive and proactive information – no choice
  • Sample – ‘a small part of ‘ anything
  • Material, consumables, stocks, fixtures & fittings etc
  • Sample is invariably tangible that is felt and seen and classified on the basis of quality
  • Sample as such becomes an intelligible piece of information after going through some qualification

26/06/12

8

slide9

Information in RWS sector?

  • Water Quality –the standards ?
    • The standards – Quantity, Quality
    • Standard verses Actual – Quality Audit
    • Quality flow audit – Minimum deviance in quality between source and end point
  • Quality Control – Infrastructure, sanitary works, pollution control etc
  • Online monitoring systems for quality water works may be devised and deployed

26/06/12

9

slide10

Proactive Disclosure in RWS

  • Periodic display and updation of information – especially the dynamic information
  • Water source and supply mapping
  • Available quantity
  • Quality Standards
  • Consumer Satisfaction reports

26/06/12

10

slide11

Service Guarantee & Grievance Redress Bill

  • Preparation of a Citizen's Charter of Services
  • Responsibility of the Head of the Department to ensure compliance and updation
  • In case of appeal for non-compliance, burden of proof on Grievance Redress Officer

26/06/12

11

slide12

Electronic Delivery of Services Bill

  • Minimum individual interaction of consumer with officers
  • Static and Dynamic data online
  • Quicker processes of problem identification and grievance redressal
  • Transparent method of functioning
  • Win – win situation

26/06/12

12

slide13

Accountability mechanisms in RWS

  • Social Audit
    • Resource availability Audit
    • Q & Q Audit
    • Equity Perception Audit
  • Community Score Car -How inclusive ?
  • Expenditure Tracking

26/06/12

13

slide14

Social Audit of Drinking Water

  • Water Resource Audit (WRA) – Availability of the resource (per head / per community / per village)
  • Water Quality Audit (WQA) – Compliance with International and national standards in terms of permissable limits
    • How much is moderate, how much is dangerous and what is fatal
  • Water Equity and Inclusive Audit (WEIA) – Fair and equitable distribution of the resource across castes, communities and gender

26/06/12

14

slide15

Community Score Card

  • Identifying community level indicators for monitoring
  • Identifying service provider level indicators for compliance
  • Interface dialogues
  • Plan of future plan of Action
  • Repeat the process periodically

26/06/12

15

slide16

Expenditure Tracking

  • Financial Accountability – Accountability for money being spent
    • Input vs Output
    • Investment (Input) vs Service levels (Output)
    • Setting up Service level benchmarks and striving towards excellence
    • Regulation of commercial private operations
    • Value for money spent (by Govt. and by the citizen)
  • Third party quality (TPQ) evaluations

26/06/12

16

slide17

Thank you !!

26/06/12

17