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3 rd Declension Nouns (Lesson 40). Latin II Dec. 2-6, 2013. Third Declension Nouns!. Latin has 5 declensions of nouns. Declensions are groups of nouns which share the same endings. 3 rd declension nouns. Third declension is the largest declension of nouns!

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3 rd declension nouns lesson 40

3rd Declension Nouns(Lesson 40)

Latin II

Dec. 2-6, 2013

third declension nouns
Third Declension Nouns!
  • Latin has 5 declensions of nouns.
  • Declensions are groups of nouns which share the same endings.
3 rd declension nouns
3rd declension nouns
  • Third declension is the largest declension of nouns!
  • Third declension includes masculine, feminine, and neuter nouns, plus a sub-group called “i-stem nouns.”
  • Both masculine and feminine 3rd declension nouns use the same chart.
3 rd declension nouns1
3rd declension nouns
  • Third declension nouns are identified by the

–is ending in the genitive singular.

pax, pacis(f.)

lex, legis (f.)

salus, salutis (f.)

dux, ducis (m.)

-is

slide5

3rd Declension Endings

Singular Plural

---

-ēs

Nominative*

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

-is

-um

-i

-ibus

-em

-ēs

-e

-ibus

* There are several nominative endings, so they’re not

listed on the chart. Whatever the first form of the word is

in your vocabulary list…that’s the nominative.

slide6

Step 1 – Find the noun stem

The noun stem is found by dropping the genitive singular ending from the noun.

Dictionary entry of a noun:

pax,pacis, f. peace

Often the stem

Has a different spelling

Than the nominative!

Nominativesingular

Gender

Meaning

Genitive singular

pacis– is =pac

Noun Stem

let s find stems for 3 rd declension
Let’s Find Stems for 3rd Declension!
  • dux, ducis
  • homo, hominis
  • lex, legis
  • miles, militis
  • pax, pacis
  • salus, salutis
  • duc-
  • homin-
  • leg-
  • milit-
  • pac-
  • salut-
let s find stems for 3 rd declension1
Let’s Find Stems for 3rd Declension!
  • dux, ducis
  • homo, hominis
  • lex, legis
  • miles, militis
  • pax, pacis
  • salus, salutis
  • duc-
  • homin-
  • leg-
  • milit-
  • pac-
  • salut-
slide9

Step 2: Add the case endings to the noun stem.

Singular Plural

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

dux

duc

Note that the

lovely nominative form will appear once on the chart, then disappear…like a briefly-lived bug. 

duc

duc

duc

duc

duc

duc

duc

duc

ibus

ibus

dux, ducis (m.)

e

es

is

em

es

i

um

your turn
Your Turn!
  • Decline any 1 of your third declension vocabulary nouns on the whiteboard.
nouns and adjectives
Nouns and Adjectives
  • The adjectives you have learned thus far are called “1st/2nd declension adjectives”
  • bonus, bona, bonum
  • Therefore, they do not use 3rd declension endings!
slide12

bonus, bona, bonum

Nom. bonusboni

Gen.bonibonorum

Dat. bono bonis

Acc. bonumbonos

Abl. bonobonis

Masculine forms use 2nd declension endings.

Nom. bonabonae

Gen.bonaebonarum

Dat. bonaebonis

Acc. bonambonas

Abl. bonābonis

Feminine forms use 1st declension endings.

Nom. bonum bona

Gen.bonibonorum

Dat. bono bonis

Acc. bonum bona

Abl. bonobonis

Neuter forms use 2nd declension neuter endings.

nouns and adjectives1
Nouns and Adjectives
  • But what if you need to use a 1st/2nd declension adjectiveto describe a 3rd declension noun?!?!
nouns and adjectives2
Nouns and Adjectives
  • Remember our old abbreviation G-N-C?
  • Nouns and adjectives agree in gender, number, and case.
  • They DO NOT have to agree in declension!
  • This means: often nouns and adjectives have endings that AGREE but AREN’T SPELLED the same way.
nouns and adjectives3
Nouns and Adjectives
  • Let’s say we want to decline the pair of words “a good law.”
  • lex, legis (f.)---law
  • bonus, BONA, bonum---good
  • So, a good law is a “lex bona”
  • Let’s see what it looks like…
lex bona
Lex Bona

Nom. lex bona legesbonae

Gen. legisbonaelegumbonarum

Dat. legibonaelegibusbonis

Acc. legembonamlegesbonas

Abl. legebonālegibusbonis

Singular

Plural

your turn1
Your Turn!
  • Decline “paxmagna” on a single chart on the whiteboard.
  • Decline “dux bonus” on a single chart on the whiteboard. “Dux” is masculine so “bonus” is masculine---use 2nd declension endings on “bonus.”
your turn2
Your Turn!
  • Decline “paxaequa” on a single chart
  • Complete WB Ex. “C” pages 147-148
  • Add it to your declension practice from yesterday!
practice
Practice!
  • Complete textbook page 282, Ex. A
  • Write the LATIN and ENGLISH
  • Add to your previous exercises and turn in everything to the box.  Gratias!