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  1. Unit 5 The British Isles Grammar Noun Clauses 从句 名词性 重庆市兼善中学 郭艳

  2. Noun Clauses名词性从句 (1) • To know what Noun Clauses are; • To know functions of Noun Clauses; • To learn how to identify Noun Clauses in sentences.

  3. Match the four functions in sentences with their Chinese? 表语 宾语 主语 同位语 Subject Object Predicative Appositive [pri'dikətiv] [ə'pɔzitiv]

  4. Identify the functions of the Noun Clauses in the three sentences with any of the four functions in the box below on your leaflets. Subject 主语 Object 宾语 Predicative 表语 Appositive 同位语

  5. The idea that England stands for Fish & Chips, Speakers’ Corner, Big Ben and Tower of London is past. 2. The result of so much French influence was that the English language ended up with many French words such as table, animal and age. 3. Some people feel that Wales is an ancient fairy land.

  6. Form a sentence with these words ! BRAINSTORM !! and Miss Guo young have an old friend JH Jiang look

  7. What are the Subject 主语,Object 宾语,Predicative 表语and Appositive 同位语in this sentence? Miss Guo looks young and has an old friend, JH Jiang. Miss Guo looks young and has an old friend, JH Jiang. Miss Guo looks young and has an old friend, JH Jiang. Miss Guo looks young and has an old friend, JH Jiang. Miss Guo looks young and has an old friend, JH Jiang. Subject 主语 Predicative 表语 Where are they in the sentence? Object 宾语 Appositive 同位语 (after a noun)

  8. Where are they in the sentence? 往往在句首 • Subject 主语 • Object 宾语 • Predicative 表语 • Appositive 同位语 在及物动词或介词之后 位于系动词如be之后 总在名词之后,与名词表示同一内容

  9. If a clause takes the place of the Subject, it will be a _______________________. Which is a clause to take the place of the Subject主语? Subject Clause主语从句 D. Who you met in CBDL yesterday Miss Guo looks young. • Miss Guo B. Our English teacher • C. Miss Guo, our English teacher • D. Who you met in CBDL yesterday

  10. To know what Noun Clauses are; • To know functions of Noun Clauses; Subject Clauses主语从句 名词性从句 Noun Clauses 作主语 ________ ________ ________ ________ 作宾语 Object Clauses宾语从句 Predicative Clauses表语从句 作表语 In this way, there can be:in sentences. or Appositive Clauses同位语从句 作同位语

  11. FORGET-ME-NOT 连词 There is always a conjunction _____ (before/in/after) a clause. before

  12. But how can you identify Subject Clauses主语从句, Object Clauses宾语从句, Predicative Clauses表语从句or Appositive Clauses同位语从句? • To learn how to identify Noun Clauses in sentences. conjunction 1. Get the ____________! clause 2. Locate where the ______ is!

  13. Translate them into Chinese. • The ideathat England stands for Fish & Chips, Speakers’ Corner, Big Ben and Tower of London is past. • The idea that England stands for Fish & Chips, Speakers’ Corner, Big Ben and Tower of London is past. 2. The result of so much French influence was that the English language ended up with many French words such as table, animal and age. 3. Some people feel that Wales is an ancient fairy land. Appositive Clauses同位语从句 2. The result of so much French influence wasthat the English language ended up with many French words such as table, animal and age. Predicative Clauses表语从句 3. Some people feel that Wales is an ancient fairy land. Object Clauses宾语从句

  14. Try more sentences. 4. The fact that Great Britain is made up of three countries is still unknown to many. 5. That most of these are now threatened and may disappear is a serious matter to the people in Britain. 4. The fact that Great Britain is made up of three countries is still unknown to many. Appositive Clauses同位语从句 5. That most of these are now threatened and may disappear is a serious matter to the people in Britain. Subject Clauses主语从句

  15. Complete the following sentences on your leaflets. 1. _______ (何时) the sports meeting will be held is unknown to us all. 2. __________________________________ ___________(运动会将在下周举办)makes us excited. Subject Clauses主语从句 When Thatthe sports meeting will be held next week

  16. Predicative Clauses表语从句 who 3. But the problem is _______(谁)in our class will compete for medals . 4. The fact is ____________________________________ (我们谁也不擅长体育). thatnone of us is good at sports

  17. Object Clauses宾语从句 5. We want to know _________(能否) we can give it up. 6. People often say _____________________________________ (一个人应该为了梦想而战). whether (that) one should fight for dreams

  18. Appositive Clauses同位语从句 TIPS:THAT can’t be left out in: __________________________, __________________________, __________________________. that 7. The news ________ the sports meeting will be put off makes us feel easier. 8. We have to keep the faith _________________________________________________ (人们应该努力去接近更美好的明天). Appositive Clauses同位语从句 Subject Clauses主语从句 thatpeople should try to get closer to a better day Predicative Clauses表语从句

  19. Challenge yourselves on the leaflets !College Entrance Examinations. 1. Cindy shut the door heavily and burst into tears . No one in the office knew _____ she was so angry. (2010湖南卷) A. where B. whether C. that D. why 2. News came from the school office _____ Wang Lin had been admitted to Beijing University. (2009四川卷) A. which B. what C. that D. where D C

  20. C 3. I want to be liked and loved for ____ I am inside. (2010北京卷) A. who B. where C. what D. how 4. _____ some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. (2010北京卷) A. Whether B. What C. That D. How B

  21. 5. Children who are not active or _____ diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly. (2010北京卷) A. what B. whose C. which D. that 6. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copper Field, was ____ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. (2010北京卷) A. what B. that C. why D. whether B B

  22. B 7. It is uncertain _____ side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken in. (2010浙江卷) A. that B. what C. how D. whether 8. --- Is there any possibility _____ you could pick me up at the airport ? --- No problem. (2009浙江卷) A. when B. that C. whether D. what B

  23. HWFinish your leaflets.

  24. Thank you for the time. email: josephinerunner@sina.com.cn

  25. Can you identify conjunctions in the sentences? • They know that the habit will kill them. • The question is whether we can rely on him. • What you left are only several old books. • They know that the habit will kill them. • The question is whether we can rely on him. • What you left are only several old books.

  26. 连词 Conjunctions in Noun Clause 从属连词(在从句中不充当主语, 宾语, 表语) that, whether/if who, whom, whose, what, which, w-+ever 连接代词(在从句中充当主语,宾语,表语,定语) how, when, where, why 连接副词(在从句中充当状语)

  27. If THAT does not work as aSubjector anObjectin a Clause, this is anAppositive clause. Identify the clauses in the sentences and the Subject and the Object in each of them. Special attention should be paid to the conjunction THAT. • The news that Liu Xiang won the 110 hurdles brought Chinese great happiness. • The news that Liu Xiang had told the public brought people great happiness. an Appositive Clause同位语从句 • The news that Liu Xiang won the 110 • hurdles brought Chinese great happiness. • The news that Liu Xiang won the 110 • hurdles brought Chinese great happiness. • The news that Liu Xiang won the 110 • hurdles brought Chinese great happiness. Object an Attributive Clause定语从句 • The news that Liu Xiang had told the • public brought people great happiness. • The news thatLiu Xiang had told the • public brought people great happiness. • The news that Liu Xiang had told the • public brought people great happiness. • The news that Liu Xiang had told the • public brought people great happiness.

  28. 2. How much one enjoys himself travelling depends largely on _____ he goes with, whether his friends or relatives. (四川卷) A. what B. who C. how D. why D 10. John’s success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work ____ has made him what he is today. (湖南卷) A. why B. when C. which D. that C