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Physics and Chemistry of Solids. Plasma. Introductory remarks. What characterizes the solid state?. States of matter. Anomaly of water: Clausius-Clapeyron. For more info click http://physics.unl.edu/~cbinek/Phase%20transitions.pps. Solids. Quartz (SiO 2 ) crystal. Crystalline SiO 2.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Physics and Chemistry of Solids

Plasma

Introductory remarks

What characterizes the solid state?

States of matter

slide2

Anomaly of water:

Clausius-Clapeyron

For more info clickhttp://physics.unl.edu/~cbinek/Phase%20transitions.pps

slide3

Solids

Quartz (SiO2) crystal

Crystalline SiO2

Click for details about quartz

Oxygen atom

amorph

Silicon atom

glass

Looks like “supercooled

Liquid”

slide4

Crystalline solid

approximate Solution

The problem:

> 1023 electrons experience Coulomb interaction

regularly repeated arrangement of atoms

Help:symmetry

Quantum Mechanics

Statistical Physics

slide5

Special relativity

- lattice dynamics, thermal properties

- metals, semiconductors, insulators

- optical and dielectric properties, magnetic properties

- superconductivity